USS Tallulah - Sejarah

USS Tallulah - Sejarah

Tallulah
(AO-50: dp. 21.650 (tl.), 1. 523'6"; b. 68'0", dr. 30'10" (lim.), s. 14.5 k., cpl. 338, a. 1 5", 4 3", cl. Suamico:T. T2-SE-A1)

Tallulah (AO-50) ditetapkan pada 1 Desember 1941 di bawah kontrak Komisi Maritim (MC hull 321) di Chester, Pa., oleh Sun Shipbuilding ~ Drydock Co.; diluncurkan pada tanggal 25 Juni 1942, disponsori oleh Ny. H. Bowing, diakuisisi oleh Angkatan Laut pada tanggal 30 Juli 1942; dan ditugaskan pada tanggal 5 September 1942, Comdr. Jesse B. Goode sebagai komando.

Setelah menyesuaikan diri di New York, dia melakukan pelatihan penggeledahan dari Norfolk. Tallulah berangkat ke New York pada 17 Oktober 1942 dengan Chemung (AO 30), Jenkins (DD-447), dan Chevalier (DD-451). Seminggu kemudian, dia berangkat dari New York bersama 32 kapal dagang yang dikawal oleh HMS Havalock dan empat korvet dan melanjutkan perjalanan melalui Teluk Guantanamo, Kuba, dan Aruba menuju Panama. Dia transit kanal pada 9 November dan tinggal di Balboa selama tiga hari. Pada tanggal 12, dia menuju ke barat-melalui Bora Bora di Kepulauan Society-ke Kaledonia Baru. Tallulah tetap di Noumea dari 12 hingga 19 Desember; kemudian berjalan ke pantai barat, tiba di San Francisco pada 4 Januari 1943.

Selama tahun berikutnya, dia melakukan lima perjalanan pulang pergi ke Pasifik Selatan. Pada tiga di antaranya, kapal minyak membawa pesawat terbang selain kargo minyaknya yang biasa. Pada tanggal pertama dari lima, dari 4 Januari hingga 19 Maret, kapal minyak mengunjungi Kepulauan Solomon selain Kaledonia Baru dan Espiritu Santo. Pada tanggal 15 Februari tepat setelah dia berangkat ke Guadalkanal, salah satu pengawalnya melaporkan dan menyerang kontak kapal selam. Sore itu, pengebom torpedo Jepang terjun ke konvoi secara tunggal dan berpasangan; tetapi kapal-kapal Sekutu bermanuver secara radikal dan melancarkan tembakan antipesawat. Tallulah tidak terkena pukulan, dan torpedo terdekat melewati 12 yard ke belakang. Untuk aksi hari itu, penembaknya mengklaim satu percikan pasti dan dua kemungkinan pembunuhan lagi. Dia tiba di Lunga Point dan memulai operasi pengisian bahan bakar pada tanggal 18. Untuk minggu berikutnya, dia pindah antara Guadaleanal, Pulau Florida dan Tulagi, mengisi bahan bakar kapal-kapal yang mendukung perjuangan untuk Guadalcanal. Pada tanggal 27 Februari, dia mencapai Espiritu Santo dan, tiga hari kemudian, kembali ke Amerika Serikat.

Tiga pelayaran tengah sebagian besar lancar. Dia berlayar dari pantai barat membawa minyak, gudang, dan pesawat ke berbagai pangkalan di Pasifik Selatan. Selain Noumea, kapal tanker itu mengunjungi Samoa, Fiji, dan Efate. Pada 16 Oktober, dia berangkat dari San Pedro, California, dalam perjalanan pulang pergi kelima dan terakhirnya, tiba di Pelabuhan Havannah, Pulau Efate, pada 5 November, dan tinggal di sana selama delapan hari, mengisi bahan bakar kapal-kapal di pelabuhan. Pada tanggal 13, dia memulai operasi pengisian bahan bakar di laut dalam perjalanan ke Funafuti di Kepulauan Ellice, di mana dia berlabuh empat hari kemudian. Dari 19 hingga 21 November dia kembali berada di Kelompok Tugas pengisian bahan bakar laut (TG) 50.4. Setelah empat hari lagi mengisi bahan bakar kapal di Funafuti, dia berdiri di luar pelabuhan untuk mengisi kembali tank-tank kapal perang yang mendukung invasi Kepulauan Gilbert selama minggu pertama bulan Desember. Setelah menyelesaikan tugas itu, kapal tanker itu menuju, melalui Pearl Harbor, kembali ke San Pedro, California.

Pada 13 Januari 1944, setelah perombakan singkat, dia sekali lagi berangkat dari costa barat. Namun kali ini, tujuannya adalah Pasifik Tengah. Selama lima bulan berikutnya, Tallulah mengangkut minyak dan kargo dari Pearl Harbor ke pelabuhan depan yang didirikan di Majuro Atoll yang baru dimenangkan. Pada awal Juni, pelabuhan juga telah didirikan lebih jauh ke barat di Kwajalein dan Eniwetok. Pada tanggal 3 Juni, ia berangkat dari Majuro dan setelah singgah di Kwajalein dari tanggal 4 hingga 13 Juni, tiba di Eniwetok pada tanggal 14. Hari berikutnya, dia melaut untuk mengisi bahan bakar dari Armada ke-5 tepat sebelum fase kampanye Mariana di Laut Filipina. Selama pertempuran itu, kapal induk Gugus Tugas 68 menghancurkan kekuatan udara laut Jepang untuk selamanya. Dua hari setelah pertempuran udara yang hebat, dia mengisi bahan bakar TG 58.3, dibangun di sekitar dua pemenang perkasa, Enterprise (CV-6) dan Lexington (CV-16). Dari 1 hingga 27 Juli, dia melakukan operasi pengisian bahan bakar di dalam dan sekitar Eniwetok, kemudian menuju pantai barat.

Mengukus melalui Pearl Harbor, Tallulah mencapai Terminal Island, California, pada 11 Agustus dan mulai perbaikan. Dia menonjol lagi pada tanggal 26 September dan, setelah latihan pengisian bahan bakar di laut dalam perjalanan, masuk kembali ke Pearl Harbor pada tanggal 4 Oktober. Dia menginap semalam dan, keesokan paginya, melanjutkan perjalanan menuju Pasifik barat. Setelah singgah di Eniwetok pada malam tanggal 13 dan 14 Oktober, ia sampai di Ulithi pada tanggal 19. Pada tanggal 4 November, dia kembali berlayar untuk mendukung serangan Leyte. Tallulah kembali ke laguna di Ulithi pada 17 November dan bertahan sampai tanggal 23.

Pada tanggal 20, saat ia masih berada di laguna Ulithi, penjangkaran itu menjadi sasaran serangan kaiten. Setidaknya tiga dari satu orang perampok bawah laut tenggelam. Mississinewa (AO-59), yang berlabuh di haluan kanan Tallulah, terkena serangan tepat sebelum pukul 06:00 dan, pada pukul 0900, berada di dasar laguna. Tallulah menggeser tempat berlabuh untuk menghindari nyala api dan puing-puing yang beterbangan sementara anggota krunya membantu para korban selamat dari kapal tanker yang tenggelam.

Pada tanggal 23 November, kapal tanker itu menuju Hollandia, New Guinea, di mana dia menghabiskan satu bulan dalam latihan dan operasi pengisian bahan bakar. Dia meninggalkan New Guinea pada tanggal 30 Desember dan berlayar-melalui Mangarin Bay, Mindoro—ke Teluk Lingayen, Luzon. Dia mendukung invasi Luzon sampai akhir Januari 1945 ketika dia kembali ke Ulithi. Pada 1 Februari, Tallulah dipindahkan dari Armada ke-7 ke Armada ke-5 untuk invasi Iwo Jima. Dia melaut pada tanggal 16 dan melakukan operasi pengisian bahan bakar di laut sampai 3 Maret, ketika dia kembali ke Ulithi untuk pemeliharaan. Sepuluh hari kemudian, dia keluar dari laguna lagi dan kembali mengisi bahan bakar armada, masih beroperasi di Iwo Jima dan bersiap untuk melunakkan Okinawa.

Selama sisa Perang Dunia II, Tallulah beroperasi dari pangkalan di Ulithi untuk mendukung pasukan invasi di Okinawa dan Gugus Tugas Pengangkut Cepat selama serangannya terhadap Jepang dan pos-posnya di Cina dan Asia Tenggara. Dia kembali ke Ulithi secara berkala untuk pemeliharaan dan mengambil persediaan minyak segar. Kemudian dengan tangki penuh, dia membawa barang berharganya ke pasukan tempur. Selain Ulithi, ia mengunjungi pangkalan di Teluk Leyte, pangkalan depan di Kerama Retto yang terletak tepat di sebelah barat Okinawa-dan Teluk Buckner di pulau itu sendiri.

Perang di Pasifik berakhir pada 15 Agustus, ketika Tallulah sedang melakukan operasi pengisian bahan bakar di Teluk Buckner. Dia melakukan satu kali perjalanan pulang pergi ke Ulithi dan kembali, antara 17 Agustus dan 1 September, kemudian berlayar ke utara pada tanggal 20 untuk mengisi bahan bakar kapal yang beroperasi di sekitar Jinsen, Korea. Selama tiga bulan berikutnya, ia mengunjungi China-di Taku Bar, Teluk Pohai, dan Tsingtao-serta Nagoya, Kure, Yokohama, dan Yokosuka di Jepang. Pada 14 Desember, Tallulah berdiri di luar Yokohama dan menuju Pearl Harbor dan pulang.

Segera setelah dia kembali ke Amerika Serikat, Tallulah dinonaktifkan pada 2 April 1946. Pada 3 Oktober, dia diserahkan ke Administrasi Pengiriman Perang dan namanya dicoret dari daftar Angkatan Laut. Namun, pada 2 Februari 1948, dia diperoleh kembali oleh Angkatan Laut dan, pada 1 Oktober 1949, dipindahkan ke Dinas Transportasi Laut Militer, sekarang Military Sealift.

Komando, untuk menjabat sebagai USNS Tallulah (TAO-50). Diawaki oleh awak sipil sejak saat itu, dia mengarungi lautan dunia, mengunjungi sebagian besar pelabuhan utama, dan menjaga Angkatan Laut dipasok dengan minyak dan kargo cair penting lainnya. Tallulah ditugaskan ke armada Administrasi Maritim di James River, Va., pada Mei 1975 di mana ia tetap tinggal hingga Oktober 1979.

Tallulah memperoleh tujuh bintang pertempuran selama Perang Dunia II.


Suamico-kapal minyak kelas

NS Suamico kelas adalah kelas dari 25 kapal minyak Angkatan Laut Amerika Serikat selama Perang Dunia II. Dibangun untuk Komisi Maritim T2-SE-A1 (Suamico kelas), -A2 (Escambia kelas) dan -A3 (Cohocton) desain, mereka menggunakan transmisi turbo-listrik, meniadakan kebutuhan untuk pengurangan gearing yang merupakan masalah utama dalam pembuatan kapal produksi massal AS.

    , Chester, Pennsylvania , Sausalito, California
  • 5.782 ton panjang (5.875 t) ringan
  • 21.880 ton panjang (22.231 t) penuh
  • 1 × 5"/38 senjata tujuan kaliber ganda
  • 4 × 3"/50 senjata kaliber
  • 4 × senjata 40 mm kembar
  • 4 × senjata 20 mm kembar

Tallulah Bankhead

Editor kami akan meninjau apa yang Anda kirimkan dan menentukan apakah akan merevisi artikel tersebut.

Tallulah Bankhead, secara penuh Tallulah Brockman Bankhead, (lahir 31 Januari 1902, Huntsville, Alabama, AS—meninggal 12 Desember 1968, New York, New York), aktris Amerika yang terkenal dengan kehidupan pribadinya dan juga prestasi teaternya.

Bankhead, putri anggota kongres Alabama dan calon ketua House William Brockman Bankhead, dinamai menurut nama nenek dari pihak ayah, yang namanya terinspirasi oleh Tallulah Falls, Georgia. Terlepas dari pendidikan biara yang ketat, Bankhead adalah anak yang keras kepala dan keras kepala dengan fasilitas luar biasa untuk menarik perhatian. Setelah memenangkan kontes kecantikan lokal pada usia 15, ia mengirimkan fotonya ke majalah penggemar film dan, sebagai hasilnya, mendapatkan peran kecil dalam beberapa film bisu yang dibuat pada tahun 1918. Pada tahun yang sama, ia membuat debut Broadway-nya di Peternakan Squab. Meskipun dia kurang pelatihan dan disiplin, dia memiliki penampilan panggung yang mempesona, suaranya yang serak memberikan kontras yang menarik dengan ketampanannya. Dengan cepat naik ke ketenaran, dia dengan mudah menjadi terkenal karena keterusterangannya yang cepat dan pesta yang tak kenal lelah.

Pada tahun 1923 ia melakukan perjalanan ke Inggris untuk tampil di hadapan Gerald DuMaurier di Penari Tali dan dengan demikian meluncurkan apa yang mungkin merupakan karier panggung London paling spektakuler pada tahun 1920-an. Perilaku publiknya yang sangat keterlaluan, romansa gandanya, dan kebiasaannya mengenakan pakaian dalam tipis di atas panggung, terlepas dari apakah naskah itu memintanya atau tidak membuatnya disayangi oleh para penggemar—terutama claque-nya sendiri, “Gadis Galeri,” yang muncul di setiap pertunjukan untuk mengekspresikan diri. penyembahan berhala mereka yang berisik sambil mengganggu para pencelanya. Setelah serangkaian "drama seks" biasa-biasa saja yang membuat sedikit tuntutan pada bakatnya, Bankhead membingungkan para pengkritiknya dengan penampilannya yang brilian sebagai pelayan muda bermasalah dalam produksi London Sidney Howard's Mereka Tahu Apa yang Mereka Inginkan (1925).

Pada tahun 1931 ia kembali ke Amerika Serikat untuk membintangi film untuk Paramount dan MGM. Entah kenapa, para eksekutif studio mencoba mengubahnya menjadi "Marlene Dietrich kedua," yang menghasilkan melodrama yang berlebihan seperti Dosa saya (1931) dan Iblis dan Kedalaman (1932). Menyerah di Hollywood, Bankhead kembali ke Broadway, di mana dia menorehkan kemenangan satu demi satu. Karier teaternya mencapai puncaknya dengan penampilannya di Rubah Kecil (1939) dan Kulit Gigi Kita (1942), keduanya membuatnya mendapatkan Penghargaan Lingkaran Kritikus Drama New York. Itu juga selama periode ini bahwa dia menikah sebentar dengan aktor John Emery. Pada tahun 1943 ia memutuskan untuk mencoba lagi Hollywood, hasilnya mengecewakan, dengan pengecualian dari kinerja multifasetnya yang luar biasa di Alfred Hitchcock's Sekoci (1944). Dia kemudian menikmati lebih banyak kesuksesan di radio jaringan, menjadi pembawa acara serial variety all-star Pertunjukan besar (1950–52).

Pada akhir 1940-an dan awal 1950-an, gaya hidup hedonistik Bankhead dan minum berlebihan telah memakan korban. Dia dikutip mengatakan, "Ayah saya memperingatkan saya tentang pria dan minuman keras, tetapi dia tidak pernah menyebutkan sepatah kata pun tentang wanita dan kokain." Sebagian besar upaya Broadway-nya selama dekade ini gagal, dan kritikus mengeluh bahwa dia telah menjadi karikatur diri. Dia menjaga karirnya tetap bertahan dengan menerbitkan otobiografi terlaris, melakukan tur dalam drama seperti: Kehidupan Pribadi (1948) dan Charles yang terhormat (1955) dan memimpin aksi klub malamnya sendiri. Pada tahun 1965 ia membuat penampilan film terakhirnya, memainkan fanatik agama pembunuhan di film thriller Inggris Mati! Mati! Sayangku! Tugas akting terakhir Tallulah Bankhead termasuk tugas "Penjahat Tamu Khusus" di serial TV Batman (1966–68) ketika diberi tahu bahwa serial itu dianggap “perkemahan tinggi”, tanggapannya adalah Tallulah kuno: “Jangan ceritakan tentang perkemahan, dahling! Aku yang menciptakannya!”

Editor Encyclopaedia Britannica Artikel ini terakhir direvisi dan diperbarui oleh Amy Tikkanen, Manajer Koreksi.


Sungai Tallulah

NS Sungai Tallulah adalah sungai sepanjang 47,7 mil (76,8 km) [1] di Georgia dan Carolina Utara. Itu dimulai di Clay County, North Carolina, dekat Standing Indian Mountain di Southern Nantahala Wilderness dan mengalir ke selatan ke Georgia, melintasi garis negara bagian ke Towns County. [2] Sungai ini mengalir melalui Kabupaten Rabun dan berakhir di Kabupaten Habersham. Ini memotong formasi batuan Tallulah Dome untuk membentuk Ngarai Tallulah dan beberapa air terjunnya (secara kolektif dikenal sebagai Air Terjun Tallulah). Sungai Tallulah berpotongan dengan Sungai Chattooga untuk membentuk Sungai Tugaloo di Danau Tugalo di Kabupaten Habersham. Ini bergabung dengan Sungai Seneca Carolina Selatan di Danau Hartwell (juga dibuat oleh bendungan di hulu) untuk membentuk Sungai Savannah, yang mengalir ke tenggara ke Samudra Atlantik.

Dari hulu hingga pertemuannya dengan Sungai Tugaloo, Sungai Tallulah memiliki panjang sekitar 48 mil (77 km). Lembah Sungai Tallulah mengalir sekitar 184 mil persegi (480 km 2 ), yang diukur di Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air Terjun Tallulah di Habersham County, Georgia, dekat ujung bawah Ngarai Tallulah. [3]

Bagian bawah sungai mencakup serangkaian danau buatan di sepanjang sungai yang dibuat oleh bendungan pembangkit listrik tenaga air yang dioperasikan oleh Georgia Power. Danau pertama (dan paling utara) dalam seri ini adalah Danau Burton, yang diikuti oleh Danau Seed, Danau Rabun, dan Air Terjun Danau Tallulah. Dari Danau Air Terjun Tallulah, bagian bawah sungai mengalir melalui Ngarai Tallulah dan sekarang berakhir sebagai lengan Danau Tugalo, lengan danau yang lain dibentuk oleh Sungai Chattooga. Dimulai pada titik sekitar 0,5 mil (0,80 km) ke hilir dari bendungan untuk Danau Air Terjun Tallulah, garis batas antara kabupaten Habersham dan Rabun mengikuti aliran Sungai Tallulah sampai ke ujungnya.

DAS Tallulah bagian atas mengalir ke bagian Sungai Tallulah yang berhulu dari Danau Burton. Ini termasuk barat laut Rabun County, timur laut Towns County dan bagian dari Clay County, North Carolina. Survei Geologi Amerika Serikat mengumpulkan data untuk DAS Tallulah bagian atas dari stasiun pengukurnya di titik di mana sungai melintasi Plum Orchard Road. [4] DAS Tallulah bagian atas mencakup bagian sungai yang panjangnya sekitar 14,3 mil (23 km), mengaliri area seluas 56,5 mil persegi (146 km²). [2] [5] Setiap tahun, daerah ini menerima curah hujan setidaknya 72 inci dan seluruhnya berada dalam batas-batas Hutan Nasional Chattahoochee. Sekitar sepertiga dari tanah berada di dalam Wilderness Nantahala Selatan dan sekitar seperlima dimiliki secara pribadi. [2] Anak sungai utama Sungai Tallulah di Kabupaten Rabun adalah Sungai Coleman dan Sungai Kesemek.

Daerah Aliran Sungai Tallulah bagian atas sama indahnya dengan permukaannya yang kasar. Ketinggian tertinggi ditemukan di North Carolina di Standing Indian Mountain, ketinggian 5.499 kaki, di mana hulu Sungai Tallulah berada. [2] Setelah datang ke Georgia dan melewati kota pertambangan dan penebangan tua di Tate City, Georgia di timur Towns County, sungai memasuki apa yang dikenal sebagai ngarai atas Tallulah, atau Ngarai Gunung Batu. [6] "ngarai" atas ini jauh lebih dramatis daripada Ngarai Tallulah yang lebih terkenal. Itu dimulai tepat di hulu dari pertemuan sungai dengan Sungai Coleman dan berjalan hampir 3 mil (5 km) melewati Rock Mountain di sisi barat sungai. "ngarai" yang indah ini dapat diakses dengan berkendara di sepanjang Tallulah River Road (Forest Service Road 70). Tallulah River Road mengikuti jalur kereta api tua sebelum berakhir di Southern Nantahala Wilderness [6] dan menyediakan satu-satunya akses ke Tate City, North Carolina. Saat ini berhutan lebat, DAS Tallulah bagian atas hampir gundul oleh penebangan habis-habisan pada tahun 1930-an sebelum Hutan Nasional Chattahoochee didirikan. [2]

Meskipun orang Georgia telah lama berasumsi bahwa Tallulah adalah kata bahasa Cherokee, mengingat sejarah Cherokee yang menonjol di negara bagian tersebut, para sarjana memperdebatkan asal usul nama sungai tersebut. Daerah ini adalah bagian panjang dari tanah air Cherokee yang luas di Tenggara. Promotor pariwisata di akhir abad ke-19 mengatakan bahwa tallulah berarti "air yang menggelegar" dalam bahasa Cherokee. Beberapa sarjana kemudian berteori bahwa tallulah berarti "mengerikan" dalam bahasa Cherokee, atau mungkin berasal dari sejumlah kata lain. Kemungkinan besar tidak ada terjemahan untuk kata tersebut. [7] Tidak ada artinya di Cherokee.

Tetapi para antropolog sekarang percaya bahwa kata itu kemungkinan berasal dari kata Okonee talula, yang berarti "kota". Orang-orang Okonee menduduki Georgia timur laut dan barat laut Carolina Selatan selama ratusan tahun sebelum kedatangan Cherokee.

Berdasarkan studi arkeologi, Cherokee tampaknya telah menetap di beberapa tanah air mereka pada pertengahan hingga akhir abad ke-16 misalnya, mereka telah membangun sebuah townhouse pada akhir abad keenam belas di situs Coweeta Creek di hulu Little Tennessee River di masa sekarang- hari Carolina Utara. [8]

Overhill Cherokee juga menggunakan istilah tersebut, dan diketahui memiliki kota bernama Tallulah, terletak di bagian Little Tennessee yang mengalir di sisi barat Pegunungan Appalachian. Muscogee Creek juga menempati bagian dari area ini sebelum didorong keluar oleh Cherokee. [9]


Riwayat layanan [ sunting | edit sumber]

Perang Dunia II [ sunting | edit sumber]

Setelah empat bulan dihabiskan untuk pemasangan dan penggeledahan, nilai kayu menghabiskan sisa tahun 1942 melakukan tugas pengawalan di wilayah Pasifik Barat Daya. Dia berhenti di banyak pelabuhan antara Australia dan Guadalcanal. nilai kayu tergabung dalam Satgas (TF) 65 pada Januari 1943, melakukan patroli dan latihan di pintu masuk barat Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides.

Pada 2 Februari, nilai kayu diteruskan ke kendali Wakil Laksamana Richard P. Leary yang memimpin TF 69 dari kapal induknya, Meksiko Baru. Dua hari kemudian, formasi itu bergabung dengan TF 18 yang terdiri dari Wichita, dua kapal induk, tiga kapal penjelajah ringan, dan empat kapal perusak. Sebuah kapal tanker dan kapal perusak lainnya juga bergabung dengan kekuatan pada tanggal 5. Bulan Februari dikhususkan untuk berpatroli dan mengawal transportasi di perairan antara Kepulauan Solomon dan Hebrides Baru. Setelah mengawal transportasi ke Kepulauan Fiji pada 1 Maret, nilai kayu kembali ke Espiritu Santo pada tanggal 13 dan bergabung dengan TF 15 yang diorganisir sekitar Perusahaan. nilai kayu memasuki pelabuhan di Espiritu Santo pada 21 Maret dan hari berikutnya dimulai ketersediaan tender. Pada tanggal 3 April, dia kembali ke Kepulauan Solomon, tiba di Tulagi pada tanggal 5 untuk patroli masuk. Hari berikutnya, nilai kayu dikawal Tappahannock ke Kukum dan kemudian melanjutkan patrolinya.

Pada tanggal 7, saat mengawal Tappahannock di daerah Solomon, nilai kayu berada di bawah serangan udara musuh oleh enam pesawat di utara Pulau Rua Sura. Empat bom dijatuhkan di dekat kapal Tappahannock. Dua menabrak laut di sisi kanan dan melemparkan banyak air ke atas kapal. Serangan yang berlangsung sekitar empat menit itu tidak menimbulkan korban jiwa dan hanya kerusakan material ringan. nilai kayu menghabiskan sisa bulan April dan awal Mei dalam latihan taktis, pengawalan, dan patroli di perairan antara Hebrides Baru dan Kaledonia Baru. Dari 8 Mei hingga 29 Juni, nilai kayu mengawal kapal angkut yang membawa bala bantuan ke Guadalcanal dan membantu menyaring TF 10—terdiri dari dua kapal induk, tiga kapal perang, satu kapal penjelajah, dan beberapa kapal perusak—ke Nouméa. nilai kayu melanjutkan ke Auckland, Selandia Baru, di mana dia menjalani ketersediaan terbatas sebelum mengawal Tallulah ke Noumea. nilai kayu kemudian disaring transportasi uap dari Espiritu Santo ke Guadalcanal.

Pada tanggal 30 Juni, saat mengawal pasukan amfibi ke Pulau Rendova, Kepulauan Solomon, nilai kayu berada di bawah serangan udara oleh 12 pembom torpedo Jepang yang terbang rendah. nilai kayu Manuvernya memungkinkan dia untuk menghindari torpedo, dan dia hanya menderita satu korban jiwa dan kerusakan dangkal hanya dari tiga tembakan senapan mesin.

Pada 2 Juli 1943, nilai kayu dan Jenkins membombardir posisi Jepang di Pulau Wickham, Vonguna, New Georgia, untuk membantu kemajuan pasukan ke darat. Hari berikutnya, nilai kayu berlayar ke Tulagi, menyentuh Pelabuhan Purvis dan Pelabuhan Rendova, dan tiba di Rice Anchorage pada tanggal 5 Juli 1943 untuk ikut serta dalam operasi pendaratan pertama di sana. Kemudian pada hari itu, dia menuju Port Purvis. Pada 11 Juli, nilai kayu, bersama kilty, Crosby, dan Schley, mengambil bagian dalam operasi pendaratan kedua di Rice Anchorage. Saat kembali ke Guadalcanal keesokan paginya, Taylor ditembakkan, terisi penuh, tapi gagal tenggelam saya-25.

Pada 13 Juli, sebagai bagian dari Kelompok Tugas (TG) 36.1, Wood-worth mengambil bagian dalam Pertempuran Kolombangara, salah satu dari serangkaian pertempuran angkatan laut untuk menguasai perairan antara Vella La Vella dan Kolombangara di selatan dan Choiseul di utara . Pasukan Jepang terdiri dari satu kapal penjelajah dan lima kapal perusak. nilai kayu menembakkan empat torpedo, dan yang kelima salah tembak. Selama aksi, dia mendapat pukulan sekilas ke buritan oleh Buchanan, menyebabkan beberapa banjir dan kerusakan ringan, tetapi dia terus menyaring St. Louis yang terkena torpedo. Gwin juga terkena dan meledak. Tidak ada yang bisa dilihat dari kapal perusak itu kecuali asap setinggi 300 kaki. Upaya pengendalian kerusakan untuk Gwin sia-sia, dan dia ditenggelamkan. nilai kayu tidak mengalami korban jiwa.

nilai kayu melakukan patroli dan operasi pengawalan antara Espiritu Santo dan Guadalcanal sampai 7 Oktober ketika dia bergabung dengan TF 38. Setelah latihan, dia berangkat dari Espiritu Santo pada tanggal 29 Oktober dengan TF 38 diorganisir sekitar Saratoga dan Princeton. Mereka melancarkan serangan udara di Buka, Kepulauan Shortland, pada 1 dan 2 November 1943 dan melakukan serangan di Rabaul pada 5 dan 11 November sebelum melepaskan diri dari TF 38 pada 14.

nilai kayu berlayar ke Guadalcanal pada 16 November dengan pengawalan Pinkney, kemudian ikut serta dalam operasi patroli di daerah Solomon hingga akhir Desember sebagai bagian dari TG 36.1. Pada 26 Desember, nilai kayu berangkat dari Espiritu Santo untuk membawa muatan dek 1.500 butir peluru 5 inci dan 1.500 butir peluru peluru 5 inci ke Port Purvis dekat Tulagi.

Pada malam hari tanggal 8 Januari 1944, nilai kayu mengambil bagian dalam pemboman Kepulauan Shortland dan menghadapi tembakan balasan yang tidak efektif dari pantai. Dia melakukan operasi pengawalan dan patroli antara Kepulauan Solomon utara dan Kepulauan Bismarck sampai 13 Januari ketika dia bergabung dengan Skuadron Penghancur (Des Ron) 12 dan, dengan Farenholt, Landsdowne, dan Buchanan, melakukan pemboman terhadap instalasi pantai, konsentrasi tongkang, dan titik-titik pementasan di pantai timur laut Bougainville, Pelabuhan Baniu, dan Teluk Ruri, Kepulauan Solomon tetapi dia tidak menemukan tembakan balasan dan tidak ada perlawanan udara atau permukaan. Saat transit di Selat Bougainville, nilai kayu menembakkan lima salvo ke kamp tenda Jepang di ujung barat laut Pulau Choiseul. Dia kemudian menghabiskan sisa Januari dan Februari, hingga tanggal 13, dalam latihan pengawalan dan pelatihan ke Torokina, perburuan tongkang di Bougainville, pengawalan ke Port Purvis, dan latihan pengawalan dan pelatihan di Sydney, Australia.

Pada 13 Februari, nilai kayu, di kompi TF 38, meliput serangan di Green Island. Keesokan harinya, gugus tugas diserang oleh sekelompok enam pengebom tukik musuh. St. Louis dipukul dan menderita kerugian 23 orang. Beberapa pengintai kemudian mendekati gugus tugas dan ditembaki, nilai kayu Senjatanya hanya satu sementara dia dan kapal saudaranya tidak mengalami korban atau kerusakan. Pada 14 dan 15 Februari, nilai kayu, dengan Farenholt, Buchanan, Landsdowne, dan Lardner, melakukan penyisiran antikapal di Selat St. George di utara Rabaul, Inggris Baru, tetapi tidak menemukan kapal Jepang. Pada tanggal 17 dan 18 Februari, kapal perusak yang sama membombardir Rabaul dan baterai pantai di Praed Point. nilai kayu menembakkan torpedo ke dua kapal yang meninggalkan Pelabuhan Simpson dan kemudian ke sekelompok besar kapal di Teluk Kervia. Dia juga menembakkan senjatanya ke sasaran di dekat Timber Point dan Cape Gazelle. Pada tanggal 24 Februari, saat melakukan penyisiran antikapal di sepanjang Truk-Kavieng, Irlandia Baru, jalur pelayaran sekitar 60 mil barat laut Kavieng, dia melakukan kontak radar dengan kapal dagang Jepang dan sebuah kapal tanker besar yang sarat muatan. nilai kayu menembakkan 38 peluru kaliber 5"/38 ke kapal dagang yang ditutup dan ditenggelamkan oleh DesDiv 24. nilai kayu fishtailed di berbagai waktu untuk menghindari kerang dari baterai pantai. Dua kapal musuh tenggelam di pelabuhan, dan satu lainnya rusak dan dibiarkan terbakar. Kapal perang Amerika juga membakar banyak tongkang di Selat Steffen dan menggunakan baterai pantai Jepang. nilai kayu tiba di Port Purvis, Pulau Florida, pada 26 Februari.

Dari 1 hingga 21 Maret, nilai kayu melakukan latihan, misi pengawalan, pencarian anti kapal selam, dan operasi perburuan tongkang di seluruh Kepulauan Solomon. Dia menembaki posisi musuh dan tidak menemui perlawanan. nilai kayu berangkat dari Port Purvis dengan Buchanan pada tanggal 22 Maret, menuju Pearl Harbor. Dia bergabung dengan TG 35.6 dengan konvoi pedagang lima kapal dari Guadalcanal dan melanjutkan ke Hawaii dengan itu. Pada 9 April, nilai kayu membersihkan Pearl Harbor dan dikukus ke San Francisco. Dia di dok kering di Mare Island Navy Yard pada 15 April 1944.

Kapal perusak tersebut menjalani latihan perombakan dan penyegaran hingga 21 Juli ketika dia bergabung dengan TG 12.1 dan berlayar ke Hawaii dengan kapal pesiar kepresidenan dengan Dunlap, mani muncrat, mengipasi, dan Baltimore. Baltimore membawa Presiden Franklin D. Roosevelt ke Pearl Harbor untuk membahas strategi masa depan di Pasifik dengan Laksamana Chester Nimitz dan Jenderal Douglas MacArthur. Setelah konferensi bersejarah, gugus tugas membawa Presiden ke utara ke Alaska dan Kepulauan Aleut. Tuan Roosevelt pergi Baltimore di Kodiak, Alaska pada tanggal 8 Agustus, dan melanjutkan ke Bremerton, Washington, pada mani muncrat. nilai kayu tiba di San Francisco, California pada 14 Agustus 1944, tetapi berlayar pada hari berikutnya ke Pearl Harbor, di mana ia tiba pada 20 Agustus untuk lebih dari satu bulan latihan. Pada 30 September, dia memasuki Atol Ulithi untuk patroli antikapal selam dan, pada 7 Oktober, dia bergabung dengan TG 38.1.

Pada akhir 1944, saat mengisi bahan bakar di laut dari Salam, "Woodworth" mengalami banyak kerusakan dangkal sebagai akibat dari tabrakan pengisian bahan bakar. Kelas Satu Quartermaster LG Chacona, saat mengemudikan kemudi selama latihan, berjuang melawan penyimpangan port-ward sampai kapal membelok keluar jalur cukup untuk menyebabkan hawserline, yang penggunaannya dihentikan sebagai akibat dari kecelakaan, menghubungkan dua haluan untuk patah . Segera setelah saluran bahan bakar juga putus menyebabkan tumpahan bahan bakar di atas geladak. Saat kapal bertabrakan, nilai kayu mengalami kerusakan berat di sepanjang jembatan sisi pelabuhan. Salam hanya mengalami lubang dari tusukan nilai kayu jangkar pelabuhan, menghasilkan Salam dijuluki "Pembuka Kaleng". "Woodworth" kembali ke pelabuhan Salerno untuk diperbaiki sebelum kembali bertugas.

Pembawa nilai kayu Kelompok tugas meluncurkan serangan udara di Okinawa pada 10 Oktober, dan pesawat-pesawat itu kemudian menyerbu instalasi Jepang di Aparri, Luzon utara. Pada 12 Oktober, serangan pertama di Formosa diluncurkan. nilai kayu berada di stasiun piket 12 mil sebelah timur formasi ketika dia diserang oleh pesawat torpedo Jepang pada tahun 1815. Dia menembaki beberapa pesawat tetapi gagal mencetak gol. Kapal mengalami kerusakan cuaca parah dan menghabiskan 160 butir amunisi 5 inci, 100 butir 40 milimeter, dan 320 butir 20 milimeter. Hari berikutnya, lima pesawat Jepang bermesin ganda, berbasis darat menyerang formasi tersebut. nilai kayu menembak jatuh satu pesawat yang jatuh terbakar setelah melewati fantail. Selama aksi, Canberra terkena torpedo dan mengalami kerusakan parah. Serangan hari ketiga terhadap Formosa pada tanggal 14 menimbulkan tiga gelombang serangan udara oleh Jepang. Pejuang yang bersahabat mencegat dan menangkis dua serangan pertama. Gelombang ketiga terdiri dari delapan atau sembilan pesawat musuh nilai kayu mengaku telah menembak jatuh tiga: "Dua pesawat terlihat terbakar. Itu pemandangan yang indah." Semua pesawat yang hancur dikreditkan ke penggunaan proyektil Mk 32 di antaranya nilai kayu digunakan 75 persen. Dalam aksi ini, Houston torpedo dan rusak berat.

Pada tanggal 15 Oktober, TG 38.1 memulai persiapan untuk serangan terhadap instalasi Jepang di Filipina. Yang pertama terjadi pada 18 Oktober di Luzon, Kepulauan Filipina. Serangan-serangan ini berlanjut hingga akhir bulan untuk mendukung fase pertama pembebasan Filipina oleh Mayor Jenderal Douglas MacArthur. nilai kayukemudian terlepas dari TG 38.1 dan dikukus ke Teluk Leyte untuk bergabung dengan TG 30.3 sebelum berlayar ke Ulithi.

nilai kayu menghabiskan bulan November dalam latihan penyaringan, patroli antikapal selam di Eniwetok, dan mengawal konvoi ke Kepulauan Palau. Dia menghabiskan bulan Desember berpatroli di Peleliu dan Pulau Angaur di kelompok Palau melakukan patroli antikapal selam independen dan mengawal konvoi ke Teluk Leyte. nilai kayu dan McCalla kemudian menyaring konvoi lima kapal ke Ulithi pada 2 Januari 1945. Di sana, nilai kayu menjalani ketersediaan tender sampai dengan 11 Januari. Hari berikutnya, dia membantu penyelamatan LCI(L)-600 dan berpartisipasi dalam operasi pemburu-pembunuh dengan McCalla.

nilai kayu berlangsung sebagai TU 94.18.12 pada tanggal 15 Januari untuk latihan meriam. Dia ditumpangi oleh Kapten W. P. Burford dan staf dan bertugas sebagai kapal stasiun untuk latihan meriam di Kossol Roads, Palau, sepanjang Februari. Pada 12 Maret, Kapten Burford memberhentikan Komandan D. E. Brown sebagai CTU 94.6.21. Dengan demikian, nilai kayu menjadi kapal stasiun untuk Ulithi Surface Patrol and Escort Group dan berpartisipasi dalam operasi pencarian dan penyelamatan selama sisa bulan Maret. nilai kayu selanjutnya menjalani ketersediaan tender dan mengambil stasiun patroli di lepas Mugai Channel di pintu masuk Pelabuhan Ulithi pada 25 April. Dia mengambil bagian dalam pengawalan dan latihan meriam dengan Perusahaan dan hubbard sampai 5 Mei.

nilai kayu berpatroli di area pelabuhan transportasi di barat daya Okinawa pada 9 Mei keesokan harinya, dia mengawal Pulau Makin ke pelabuhan Kerama Retto dan di sana bergabung dengan satuan tugas yang terdiri dari enam CVE dan sembilan pengawal. Dari 10 Mei hingga 28 Mei, nilai kayu mengambil bagian dalam serangan udara harian di Okinawa. Pada 28 Mei, dia dan Henley dikawal Teluk Natoma ke Kerama Retto, Okinawa Shima, di mana nilai kayu mengalami perbaikan hingga 6 Juni. Keesokan harinya, saat melakukan serangan udara di Miyako Retto dari Sakishimo Gunto, dua pesawat musuh yang tidak terdeteksi menutup formasi dan melakukan bunuh diri di CVE's. Satu jatuh ke Teluk Natoma dan yang lainnya ke laut.

nilai kayu mendukung serangan udara di Okinawa Kyūsh, Jepang dan berbagai pulau Ryukyus dari 8 Juni hingga 21 Juni ketika dia menyelamatkan seorang pilot yang jatuh dari Teluk Steamer. Dia menghabiskan 22 dan 23 Juni untuk tugas radar piket di Okinawa dan meninggalkan Ryukyus pada 24 Juni, menuju Teluk Leyte. Dia menjalani ketersediaan tender dari 1 hingga 10 Juli ketika dia mengalihkan perhatiannya untuk menyaring pengisian bahan bakar dan pengisian TF 38 (Fast Carrier Force) dan mengabdikan sisa Juli untuk membantu operasi logistik untuk Fast Carrier Force selama serangan di pulau-pulau utama Jepang.

Pada 2 Agustus, nilai kayu dikawal Neshanic melalui Guam ke Ulithi. Tanggal 12, nilai kayu bergabung dalam upaya untuk menyelamatkan pilot yang jatuh, tetapi dia sudah mati ketika bantuan tiba. Pada 14 Agustus, nilai kayu diperintahkan untuk melanjutkan perjalanan secara mandiri ke Iwo Jima untuk mengambil surat dan penumpang untuk Angkatan Pengangkut Cepat. Dia bergabung dalam pengisian bahan bakar dan pengisian flattop pada 18 Agustus. On 22 August, she was then assigned to a task unit organized around Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague in Ticonderoga which was charged with providing air coverage for the first occupation force to go to the Japanese homeland. On 5 September, Woodworth took part in firing practices and replenishment until 10 September when she anchored in Tokyo Bay. But for brief training and escort periods at sea, she remained there through the end of the month.

On 1 October, Woodworth got underway for Okinawa and left that island on 6 October, bound for home with 50 men and eight officers embarked as passengers for the voyage. She arrived in Portland, Oregon, on 19 October and, 10 days later, headed south for San Pedro, California.

Post War and the Italian Navy [ edit | edit sumber]

Woodworth was transferred to the Atlantic Fleet in November and proceeded through the Panama Canal to Charleston, South Carolina. After inactivation overhaul there,the destroyer was placed out of commission, in reserve, on 11 April 1946. She was placed in service on 30 January 1947 for Naval Reserve training duty. Placed in full commission on 21 November 1950, the ship was briefly assigned to the 3rd Naval District before she was decommissioned at the New York Naval Shipyard on 14 January 1951 and overhauled to prepare her for transfer to the Government of Italy. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 22 January 1951, and she was turned over to the Italian Navy on 11 June 1951.

She served Italy as Artigliere (D-553), operating as a command ship for motor torpedo boat flotillas—until struck from the Italian Naval Vessel Register in January 1971 and scrapped.

Named 'Artigliere' by the Italians, and used for turbine instruction for naval cadets, one of her propellors - with the name 'Woodworth' inscribed - stands on a plinth in front of the naval school of Cala Chiesa, La Maddalena, Sardinia. Raised and taken to Naples for scrapping after lying half sunk in front of the Italian Naval School for a number of years. It can be presumed that she sank from neglect, though there are suggestions she was sunk deliberately to obtain the break-up contract.


USS Tallulah - History

56 Tons
80' x 20' 8" x 5'
1 x 40mm
1 x 37mm cannon
1 x 20mm cannon
2 x Twin .50 cal MG
4 x Torpedo Tubes

Sejarah Kapal
Built Electric Boat Company (Elco) in Bayonne, NJ. Laid down March 21, 1942. Launched July 3, 1942. Completed July 18, 1942. Delivered to the U.S. Navy (USN) as PT-112.

Wartime History
Assigned to Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 5 (MTBRon 5) under the command of Commander Henry Farrow, USN. Assigned to the Panama Canal zone during September 1942.

On September 22, 1942 assigned to Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Two (MTBRon 2) under the command of Lt Rollin E. Westholm, USN. During early October 1942, loaded aboard USS Tallulah (AO-50) as deck cargo along with PT-111 and shipped to the South Pacific.

On January 10, 1943 during the evening, PT-112 under the command of Lt. Westholm departed with PT-43, PT-40 on a mission to intercept eight Japanese destroyers expected off after midnight and patrolled off the north coast of Guadalcanal between Cape Esperence and Aruligo. Another group including PT-59, PT-46 and PT-36 patrolled between Tassafaronga to Doma.

Sinking History
On January 11, 1943 at 12:30am while patrolling off Guadalcanal a quarter mile offshore spotted four destroyers to the southeast roughly a mile offshore, the last destroyer turned back towards Savo Island while the other three continued on their course. PT-112 motored in close to the target and fired all four torpedoes, one of which hit Hatsukaze, severely damaging the destroyer and putting a huge column of water into the air.

After the attack, PT-112 had to turn hard left to avoid a collision and passed astern of the Hatsukaze as other ships opened fire. Turning east under fire, PT-112 was hit twice at the waterline and near the forward bulkhead of the engine room. Damaged, Lt. Westholm ordered the crew to abandon ship and was the last to leave.

The crew deployed their life raft while PT-112 remained afloat. At 1:30am, Westholm attempted to return to the vessel and paddled to within 100' when the ship exploded and settled by the stern. By dawn, PT-112 sank into Iron Bottom Sound roughly one mile east of Cape Esperence on Guadalcanal.

Fates of the Crew
Afterwards, the crew was rescued by other PT Boats active that night and returned to duty.

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Alabama's history: Three generations of Bankheads were the state's shining stars

From the beginning of the Civil War until the end of the Second World War, no family had as dramatic an impact on our state as the Bankheads of west Alabama. Members of the family graced the covers of Waktu magazine, presidents attended their funerals, and without their support, Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal legislation might never have passed. This is their story.

In September 1842, Alabama had been a state for barely two decades. It was fewer than 20 years before a civil war would convulse the entire country, with the sons and fathers of the South and North doing bloody battle for four long, heart-stricken years that would leave over 600,000 Americans dead on battlefields from the blistering plains of Texas to the wooded valleys of Pennsylvania.

John Hollis Bankhead (Courtesy Alabama Department of Archives and History)

To this era was born John Hollis Bankhead (1842-1920) in Lamar County. John Hollis enlisted in the Confederate Army at the age of 19 and was wounded in several battles but emerged from the war whole of limb with a captain's rank. A member of both the House of Representatives and the State Senate during Reconstruction, in 1881 this ambitious man secured an appointment as warden of the state's penitentiary in Wetumpka.

In 1886, he rose to national prominence after winning the Sixth Congressional District that included Walker, Lamar, and Fayette counties. Bankhead served in the U.S. House for 20 years before his appointment to the Senate in 1907 (U.S. Senators were then elected or appointed by state legislatures) where he served until his death in 1920.

With his wife, Tallulah Bankhead (formerly Brockman), John Hollis had five children: Louise, Marie, John Hollis II, William, and Henry. The two oldest sons would rise to positions of prominence that would rival their father's remarkable achievements.

John Hollis Bankhead II (1872-1946) attended schools in Wetumpka and Fayette before receiving degrees at the University of Alabama and Georgetown Law School. In 1894, he moved to Jasper and married his high-school sweetheart, the daughter of a local merchant. Like his father, John Hollis went into politics and served at the 1901 Alabama constitutional convention. Elected to the U.S. Senate in 1930, John Hollis was a key supporter of President Roosevelt's New Deal policies. He died of a heart attack in 1946 and is buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Jasper.

The most notable child of the first John Hollis Bankhead was William B. Bankhead (1874-1940) who served as the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. Like his older brother, William attended county schools in west Alabama before also receiving degrees at the University of Alabama and Georgetown Law School.

After a brief stint as Huntsville's city attorney, he moved to Jasper in 1905 to practice law with his older brother. From 1910 to 1914, William served as a local prosecutor, before winning a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1916. In 1935 William was elected House majority leader and then Speaker of the House in 1936.

William B. Bankhead (Courtesy Alabama Department of Archives and History)

As Speaker, William B. Bankhead was one of the most powerful men in the country. Like his brother, William was a staunch supporter of FDR's New Deal policies that had a momentous impact on the South. Of perhaps greater significance, Speaker Bankhead opposed isolationist sentiment in Congress in the years leading up to World War II and helped defeat a proposed Constitutional amendment requiring a national referendum for a declaration of war.

Bankhead died in 1940 after an abdominal hemorrhage. Contemporary accounts estimated that 40,000 people attended his funeral at the First Methodist Church in Jasper. Among the attendees were President Roosevelt, Vice-President Truman, members of Roosevelt's Cabinet, and numerous Congressmen

The most colorful character of the family was actress and socialite Tallulah Bankhead (1902-1968), the daughter of William and granddaughter of John Hollis Bankhead. Born in Huntsville, Tallulah was determined from an early age to be an actress, a not-altogether respectable profession for young ladies at the time. But through a mixture of talent, shrewdness, and grit, the young actress ascended to the heights of the film industry in its earliest days in the 1920s and 30s, co-starring in films with Gary Cooper and Cary Grant.

In 1944, acclaimed movie director Alfred Hitchcock tapped her for a starring role in Lifeboat, adapted from a John Steinbeck short story. Tallulah's career arc probably reached its apex in 1948 when Waktu magazine put her on its cover as the magazine lauded her role in Broadway's Private Lives. A life-long opponent of segregation, Tallulah in her later years wrote articles calling for racial equality.

The Bankhead family is singular for its impact on the history and culture of Alabama and the nation. This summer, I encourage you to find out more about this fascinating family. The Bankhead House and Heritage Center in Jasper is a wonderful place to visit, and the Department of Archives and History in Montgomery is also an excellent source for additional information.

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Karl Wallenda’s Walk Across Tallulah Gorge-July 18, 1970

How do you revive interest in a resort town featuring spectacular waterfalls plunging through a 750-foot-deep gorge?

Why, obviously, you would hire a 65-year-old daredevil to walk across the gorge on a tightrope.

That is exactly what happened in Tallulah Falls 50 years ago on July 18, 1970.

Karl Wallenda, founder of the famous Flying Wallendas, was hired to reignite Tallulah Falls tourism by “tightroping” his way across Tallulah Gorge.

Reverend James Turpin, pastor of Tallulah Falls United Methodist Church, gave the invocation for Wallenda before his walk. “We prayed him across, we just prayed him across,” Turpin later recalled later. Praying with him were 30,000 spectators, who paid $5 each for the privilege. Children were admitted for $2. The entry fee was waived for Georgia Governor Lester Maddox.

The huge crowd watched as Wallenda gingerly stepped along a 5/8-inch-thick steel cable, strung more than 1,000 feet across the Gorge. He interrupted his walk with two handstands. After 18 minutes, he hopped off the cable on the other side, where his wife handed him a congratulatory martini despite the fact that Rabun County officially was dry.

One of the towers embedded in a concrete platform that held the wire is still visible along the trail on the north side of Tallulah Gorge. And the suit Wallenda wore for his crossing is on display at the Tallulah Gorge Interpretive Center.

Karl Wallenda continued amazing people around the world with his daredevil stunts for eight more years. On March 22, 1978 at the age of 73, he plunged to his death while attempting to walk a cable strung between two towers of the 10-story Condado Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Karl’s great-grandson, aerialist Nik Wallenda, announced in 2015 that he would recreate the Tallulah Gorge stunt on its 45th anniversary. Only he would do it with a high-tech twist.

The BBC had recorded the 1970 crossing, and Nik planned to superimpose Karl’s image against his own during the commemorative walk across the Gorge. “To be able to walk literally in his footsteps is what my life’s about, ” he told the Associated Press.

But Nik canceled the event, saying that the technology “isn’t there yet. It’s under development, and we’re waiting for that.”

Apparently, Nik is still waiting.

Despite the attention showered on Karl Wallenda, the honor for the first tightrope crossing of Tallulah Gorge goes to J.A. St. John, known as Professor Leon.

The Professor was quite the entertainer in his day. The stuntman had come to Atlanta in 1886, where, among other feats, he walked across a tightrope strung between buildings on Peachtree Street.

At that time, Tallulah Falls was coming into its own as a major tourist destination thanks to the Tallulah Falls Railroad, which reached the town in 1882. To generate even greater tourist interest, a hotel owner challenged Professor Leon to tightrope over the Gorge in the summer of 1886. The Professor accepted the challenge.

It was reported that a crowd of approximately 6,000 came to town to watch the event.

As Professor Leon approached the manila rope at a point called Devil’s Pulpit, his wife reportedly threw her arms around him and begged him not to go. He promised this would be his last stunt he solemnly bowed to the crowd and he boldly took his first step across the Gorge.

The crossing did not proceed exactly as planned. One of the guywires supporting the rope broke, forcing Professor Leon to straddle the rope with his legs until the problem was corrected. It was speculated that the guywire had been cut by a gambler, who bet the Professor would not complete his crossing.

Although the guywire was repaired, the rope continued to shake with every step he took. Halfway across the gorge, Professor Leon seemed to tire to the point of exhaustion. “Like a drunken man, he staggered on,” wrote one reporter. “Veins in his face were swollen like whiplashes.”

After 30 minutes, Professor Leon neared the finish. Eager hands reached out to pull him to safety. He fell flat to the ground exhausted and asked for a doctor.

He initially had planned to walk the rope back to the other side. Because of his condition, he was advised not to take the chance much to the relief of his wife.

The gambler betting on the Professor’s demise probably would have preferred another try.

This article by Society member Richard Cinquina was originally published in the Clayton Tribune on July 16, 2020.

About the Rabun County Historical Society

The Rabun County Historical Society is dedicated to keeping alive Rabun County’s 200-year history in the Appalachian Mountains of Georgia. We collect, preserve and display important historic artifacts, photographs and records in our 2,300-square-foot museum and archives located at 81 North Church Street in downtown Clayton, Georgia. The Society is a not-for-profit organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, making membership dues and donations fully tax deductible. For more information, please contact us.


D 553 - ITS Artigliere

USS Woodworth (DD-460) was a Benson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Commander Selim E. Woodworth.

Woodworth was laid down on 13 January 1941 at San Francisco, California, by the Bethlehem Steel Company launched on 29 November 1941 sponsored by Mrs. Selim E. Woodworth, niece and daughter-in-law of Commander Woodworth and commissioned on 30 April 1942, Lieutenant Commander R. C. Webb, Jr., in command.


Service history (USS Woodworth)

perang dunia II

After four months spent in fitting out and shakedown, Woodworth spent the remainder of 1942 performing escort duty in the Southwest Pacific area. She stopped at many ports between Australia and Guadalcanal. Woodworth was attached to Task Force (TF) 65 in January 1943, conducting patrols and exercises at the western entrance to Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides.

On 2 February, Woodworth passed to the control of Vice Admiral Richard P. Leary who commanded TF 69 from his flagship, New Mexico. Two days later, that formation was merged with TF 18 consisting of Wichita, two aircraft carriers, three light cruisers, and four destroyers. An oiler and another destroyer also joined the force on the 5th. The month of February was devoted to patrolling and escorting transports in waters between the Solomon Islands and the New Hebrides. After escorting transports to the Fiji Islands on 1 March, Woodworth returned to Espiritu Santo on the 13th and joined TF 15 organized around Enterprise. Woodworth entered port at Espiritu Santo on 21 March and the following day commenced tender availability. On 3 April, she headed back to the Solomons, arriving at Tulagi on the 5th for entrance patrol. The next day, Woodworth escorted Tappahannock to Kukum and then resumed her patrol.

On the 7th, while escorting Tappahannock in the Solomons area, Woodworth came under enemy air attack by six planes north of Rua Sura Island. Four bombs dropped close aboard Tappahannock. Two struck the sea on the starboard side and threw considerable water over the ship. The attack, which lasted about four minutes, caused no personnel casualties and only minor material damage. Woodworth spent the remainder of April and early May in tactical training exercises, escort, and patrol in waters between the New Hebrides and New Caledonia. From 8 May to 29 June, Woodworth escorted transports carrying reinforcements to Guadalcanal and helped to screen TF 10 - consisting of two carriers, three battleships, one cruiser, and several destroyers - to Noum a. Woodworth continued on to Auckland, New Zealand, where she underwent restricted availability before escorting Tallulah to Noum a. Woodworth then screened transports steaming from Espiritu Santo to Guadalcanal.

On 30 June, while escorting amphibious forces to Rendova Island, Solomon Islands, Woodworth came under air attack by 12 low-flying Japanese torpedo bombers. Woodworth's maneuvers enabled her to avoid the torpedoes, and she suffered only one personnel casualty and mere superficial damage from three machine gun hits.

On 2 July 1943, Woodworth and Jenkins bombarded Japanese positions on Wickham Island, Vonguna, New Georgia, to assist the advance of troops ashore. The next day, Woodworth sailed for Tulagi, touched at Port Purvis and Rendova Harbor, and arrived off Rice Anchorage on 5 July 1943 to participate in the first landing operations there. Later that day, she headed for Port Purvis. On 11 July, Woodworth, along with Kilty, Crosby, and Schley, took part in the second landing operations at Rice Anchorage. While returning to Guadalcanal the following morning, Taylor fired on, depth charged, but failed to sink I-25.

On 13 July, as part of Task Group (TG) 36.1, Wood-worth took part in the Battle of Kolombangara, one of a series of naval engagements for control of waters between Vella La Vella and Kolombangara to the south and Choiseul to the north. The Japanese force consisted of one cruiser and five destroyers. Woodworth fired four torpedoes, and a fifth misfired. During the action, she was struck a glancing blow to the stern by Buchanan, causing some flooding and light damage, but she continued to screen St. Louis which was hit by a torpedo. Gwin was also hit and exploded. Nothing could be seen of that destroyer but a 300-foot-high column of smoke. Damage control efforts for Gwin were futile, and she was scuttled. Woodworth suffered no personnel casualties.

Woodworth conducted patrol and escort operations between Espiritu Santo and Guadalcanal until 7 October when she joined TF 38. Following training exercises, she departed Espiritu Santo on 29 October with TF 38 organized around Saratoga and Princeton. They launched air attacks on Buka, Shortland Islands, on 1 and 2 November 1943 and conducted raids on Rabaul on 5 and again on 11 November before becoming detached from TF 38 on the 14th.

Woodworth sailed for Guadalcanal on 16 November in the escort of Pincvkney, then took part in patrol operations in the Solomon area until late December as part of TG 36.1. On 26 December, Woodworth departed Espiritu Santo to carry a deck cargo of 1,500 rounds of 5-inch projectiles and 1,500 rounds of 5-inch powder charges to Port Purvis near Tulagi.

On the evening of 8 January 1944, Woodworth took part in the bombardment of the Shortland Islands and encountered ineffective return fire from the shore. She conducted escort and patrol operations between the northern Solomons and the Bismarck Archipelago until 13 January when she joined Destroyer Squadron (Des Ron) 12 and, with Farenholt, Lansdowne, and Buchanan, conducted a bombardment of shore installations, barge concentrations, and staging points on the northeast coast of Bougainville, Baniu Harbor, and Ruri Bay, Solomon Islands but she encountered no return fire and no air or surface opposition. While transiting Bougainville Strait, Woodworth fired five salvoes at a Japanese tent camp on the northwest tip of Choiseul Island. She then spent the remainder of January and February, through the 13th, in escort and training exercises to Torokina, barge-hunting off Bougainville, escort to Port Purvis, and escort and training exercises at Sydney, Australia.

On 13 February, Woodworth, in the company of TF 38, covered the advance of the assault on Green Island. The following day, the task force was attacked by a group of six enemy dive bombers. St. Louis was hit and suffered the loss of 23 men. Several snoopers later approached the task force and were taken under fire, Woodworth's guns accounted for one while she and her sister ships sustained no casualties or damage. On 14 and 15 February, Woodworth, with Farenholt, Buchanan, Lansdowne, and Lardner, conducted an antishipping sweep of St. George's Channel north of Rabaul, New Britain, but encountered no Japanese vessels. On 17 and 18 February, the same destroyers bombarded Rabaul and shore batteries on Praed Point. Woodworth fired torpedoes at two ships leaving Simpson Harbor and later at large groups of ships in Kervia Bay. She also fired her guns at targets near Timber Point and Cape Gazelle. On 24 February, while conducting an antishipping sweep along Truk-Kavieng, New Ireland, shipping lanes about 60 miles northwest of Kavieng, she made radar contact with a Japanese merchant vessel and a large, heavily laden tanker. Woodworth fired 38 rounds of 5"/38-caliber at the merchant vessel which was closed and sunk by DesDiv 24. Woodworth fishtailed at various times to avoid shells from the shore batteries. Two enemy ships were sunk in the harbor, and one other was damaged and left burning. The American warship also set numerous barges afire in Steffen Strait and engaged Japanese shore batteries. Woodworth arrived at Port Purvis, Florida Island, on 26 February.

From 1 through 21 March, Woodworth conducted training exercises, escort missions, antisubmarine searches, and barge-hunting operations throughout the Solomon Islands. She fired at enemy positions and encountered no opposition. Woodworth departed Port Purvis with Buchanan on 22 March, bound for Pearl Harbor. She joined TG 35.6 with a merchant convoy of five ships off Guadalcanal and proceeded to Hawaii with it. On 9 April, Woodworth cleared Pearl Harbor and steamed to San Francisco. She was drydocked at the Mare Island Navy Yard on 15 April 1944.

The destroyer underwent an overhaul and refresher training exercises until 21 July when she joined TG 12.1 and steamed to Hawaii on a presidential cruise with Dunlap, Cummings, Fanning, and Baltimore. Baltimore was carrying President Franklin D. Roosevelt to Pearl Harbor to discuss future strategy in the Pacific with Admiral Chester Nimitz and General Douglas MacArthur. Following the historic conference, the task force took the President north to Alaska and the Aleutian Islands. Mr. Roosevelt left Baltimore at Kodiak, Alaska on 8 August, and proceeded to Bremerton, Washington, on Cummings. Woodworth arrived at San Francisco, California on 14 August 1944, but sailed the following day for Pearl Harbor, where she arrived on 20 August for more than one month of training exercises. On 30 September, she entered Ulithi Atoll for antisubmarine patrol and, on 7 October, she joined TG 38.1.

In late 1944, while refueling at sea from Salamaua, "Woodworth" sustained numerous superficial damages as a result of a mid-refueling collision. First Class Quartermaster L. G. Chacona, while manning the wheel during the exercise, struggled against a port-ward drift until the ship veered off course enough to cause the hawserline, whose usage was discontinued as a result of the accident, connecting the two bows to snap. Soon after the fuel lines also snapped causing a fuel spill over the decks. As the boats collided, Woodworth sustained heavy damage along the port side bridge. Salamaua sustained only a hole from puncture of Woodworth's port anchor, resulting in Salamaua being nicknamed "The Can-Opener". "Woodworth" returned to the port of Salerno for repairs before returning to duty.

The carriers of Woodworth's task group launched an air strike on Okinawa on 10 October, and the planes later raided Japanese installations at Aparri, northern Luzon. On 12 October, the first strikes on Formosa were launched. Woodworth was on a picket station 12 miles east of the formation when she was attacked by Japanese torpedo planes at 1815. She fired at several planes but failed to score any hits. The ship sustained heavy weather damage and expended 160 rounds of 5-inch ammunition, 100 rounds of 40-millimeter, and 320 rounds of 20-millimeter. The following day, five Japanese twin-engine, land-based planes attacked the formation. Woodworth shot down one plane which crashed in flames after passing over the fantail. During the action, Canberra was hit by a torpedo and sustained heavy damage. A third day of strikes against Formosa on the 14th summoned three waves of air attacks by the Japanese. Friendly fighters intercepted and repelled the first two strikes. The third wave consisted of eight or nine enemy aircraft Woodworth claimed to have shot down three: "Two planes were seen to burst into flames. It was a pretty sight." All the planes destroyed were credited to the use of Mk 32 projectiles of which Woodworth used 75 percent. In this action, Houston was torpedoed and heavily damaged.

On 15 October, TG 38.1 began preparations for attacks on Japanese installations in the Philippines. The first of these occurred on 18 October at Luzon, Philippine Islands. These attacks continued through the end of the month to support the first phase of Major General Douglas MacArthur's liberation of the Philippines. Woodworthwas then detached from TG 38.1 and steamed to Leyte Gulf to join TG 30.3 before it sailed for Ulithi.

Woodworth spent November in screening exercises, antisubmarine patrol at Eniwetok, and escorted a convoy to the Palau Islands. She spent December patrolling off Peleliu and Angaur Island in the Palau group conducting independent antisubmarine patrol and escorting a convoy to Leyte Gulf. Woodworth and McCalla then screened a five-ship convoy to Ulithi on 2 January 1945. There, Woodworth underwent tender availability until 11 January. The next day, she assisted in the rescue of LCI(L)-600 and participated in hunter-killer operations with McCalla.

Woodworth got underway as TU 94.18.12 on 15 January for gunnery practice. She was boarded by Capt. W. P. Burford and staff and served as a station ship for gunnery practice off Kossol Roads, Palau, throughout February. On 12 March, Captain Burford relieved Commander D. E. Brown as CTU 94.6.21. Thus, Woodworth became the station ship for the Ulithi Surface Patrol and Escort Group and participated in search and rescue operations for the remainder of March. Woodworth next underwent tender availability and took patrol station off Mugai Channel at the entrance to Ulithi Harbor on 25 April. She took part in escort and gunnery exercises with Enterprise and Hubbard until 5 May.

Woodworth patrolled the transport anchorage area southwest of Okinawa on 9 May the following day, she escorted Makin Island to Kerama Retto harbor and there joined a task unit consisting of six CVEs and nine escorts. From 10 May through 28 May, Woodworth took part in daily air strikes on Okinawa. On 28 May, she and Henley escorted Natoma Bay to Kerama Retto, Okinawa Shima, where Woodworth underwent repairs until 6 June. The following day, while conducting air strikes on Miyako Retto of Sakishimo Gunto, two undetected enemy planes closed the formation and made suicide dives on the CVE's. One crashed into Natoma Bay and the other into the sea.

Woodworth supported air strikes on Okinawa Kyūshū, Japan and various islands of the Ryukyus from 8 June until 21 June when she rescued a crashed pilot from Steamer Bay. She spent 22 and 23 June on radar picket duty off Okinawa and departed the Ryukyus on 24 June, bound for Leyte Gulf. She underwent tender availability from 1 to 10 July when she turned her attention to screening the fueling and replenishing of TF 38 (Fast Carrier Force) and devoted the remainder of July to assisting logistic operations for the Fast Carrier Force during strikes on the main islands of Japan.

On 2 August, Woodworth escorted Neshanic via Guam to Ulithi. On the 12th, Woodworth joined in an attempt to rescue a downed pilot, but he was dead when help arrived. On 14 August, Woodworth was ordered to proceed independently to Iwo Jima to pick up mail and passengers for the Fast Carrier Force. She joined in the refueling and replenishment of the flattops on 18 August. On 22 August, she was then assigned to a task unit organized around Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague in Ticonderoga which was charged with providing air coverage for the first occupation force to go to the Japanese homeland. On 5 September, Woodworth took part in firing practices and replenishment until 10 September when she anchored in Tokyo Bay. But for brief training and escort periods at sea, she remained there through the end of the month.

On 1 October, Woodworth got underway for Okinawa and left that island on 6 October, bound for home with 50 men and eight officers embarked as passengers for the voyage. She arrived in Portland, Oregon, on 19 October and, 10 days later, headed south for San Pedro, California.


Post War and the Italian Navy

Woodworth was transferred to the Atlantic Fleet in November and proceeded through the Panama Canal to Charleston, South Carolina. After inactivation overhaul there,the destroyer was placed out of commission, in reserve, on 11 April 1946. She was placed in service on 30 January 1947 for Naval Reserve training duty. Placed in full commission on 21 November 1950, the ship was briefly assigned to the 3d Naval District before she was decommissioned at the New York Naval Shipyard on 14 January 1951 and overhauled to prepare her for transfer to the Government of Italy. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 22 January 1951, and she was turned over to the Italian Navy on 11 June 1951.

She served Italy as Artigliere (D-553), operating as a command ship for motor torpedo boat flotillas - until struck from the Italian Naval Vessel Register in January 1971 and scrapped.


The Evil Boll weevil invades the Parish in 1907, threatening its major cash crop, cotton. In 1913, entomologists were sent to the Parish to eradicate them. This made a big impact on the population of the Parish.

As a result of crop dusting experiments, a new business was realized "Crop Dusting". From a Dusting business came today's Delta Airlines.


Madison Parish Courthouse was built in 1887 and renovated in 1937 by Works Progress Administration. The second most photographed courthouse in the state.

Stately Gazebo on the grounds was donated to the Parish by the ladies of the Tallulah Book Club organized in 1902 in order to provide a public library to the public. First public library begun after World War II.

Christmas on the Bayou


Tonton videonya: HIRMS Tsesarevich - Guide 084