Laporan Angkatan Udara AS tentang Roswell

Laporan Angkatan Udara AS tentang Roswell

Pada 24 Juni 1997, pejabat Angkatan Udara AS merilis laporan setebal 231 halaman yang menolak klaim lama tentang kecelakaan pesawat ruang angkasa alien di Roswell, New Mexico, hampir tepat 50 tahun sebelumnya.

BACA LEBIH BANYAK: Apa yang Sebenarnya Terjadi di Roswell?

Ketertarikan publik pada Objek Terbang Tak Dikenal, atau UFO, mulai berkembang pada 1940-an, ketika perkembangan perjalanan ruang angkasa dan awal zaman atom menyebabkan banyak orang Amerika mengalihkan perhatian mereka ke langit. Kota Roswell, yang terletak di dekat Sungai Pecos di tenggara New Mexico, menjadi magnet bagi penganut UFO karena peristiwa aneh awal Juli 1947, ketika mandor peternakan W.W. Brazel menemukan bahan aneh dan berkilau yang tersebar di sebagian tanahnya. Dia menyerahkan materi itu kepada sheriff, yang menyerahkannya kepada pihak berwenang di pangkalan Angkatan Udara terdekat. Pada tanggal 8 Juli, pejabat Angkatan Udara mengumumkan bahwa mereka telah menemukan puing-puing dari "piringan terbang". Sebuah surat kabar lokal menempatkan cerita di halaman depan, meluncurkan Roswell ke dalam sorotan daya tarik UFO publik.

BACA LEBIH BANYAK: Bagaimana Angkatan Udara AS Menyelidiki UFO Selama Perang Dingin

Angkatan Udara segera mengambil kembali cerita mereka, bagaimanapun, mengatakan bahwa puing-puing itu hanyalah balon cuaca yang jatuh. Selain penganut UFO, atau "ahli ufologi", minat publik pada apa yang disebut "Insiden Roswell" memudar hingga akhir 1970-an, ketika muncul klaim bahwa militer telah menciptakan cerita balon cuaca sebagai penutup. Orang-orang yang percaya pada teori ini berpendapat bahwa para pejabat sebenarnya telah mengambil beberapa tubuh alien dari pesawat ruang angkasa yang jatuh, yang sekarang disimpan di instalasi Area 51 yang misterius di Nevada. Berusaha menghilangkan kecurigaan ini, Angkatan Udara mengeluarkan laporan setebal 1.000 halaman pada tahun 1994 yang menyatakan bahwa objek yang jatuh itu sebenarnya adalah balon cuaca ketinggian tinggi yang diluncurkan dari lokasi uji coba rudal terdekat sebagai bagian dari eksperimen rahasia yang bertujuan memantau atmosfer di untuk mendeteksi uji coba nuklir Soviet.

Pada tanggal 24 Juli 1997, hampir seminggu sebelum perayaan ulang tahun ke-50 yang luar biasa dari insiden tersebut, Angkatan Udara merilis laporan lain tentang subjek yang kontroversial. Berjudul "The Roswell Report, Case Closed," dokumen tersebut menyatakan secara pasti bahwa tidak ada bukti Pentagon bahwa segala bentuk kehidupan ditemukan di daerah Roswell sehubungan dengan laporan penampakan UFO, dan bahwa "mayat" yang ditemukan bukanlah alien. tetapi boneka yang digunakan dalam tes parasut dilakukan di wilayah tersebut. Harapan apa pun bahwa ini akan mengakhiri perdebatan yang ditutup-tutupi menjadi sia-sia, karena para ahli ufologi yang marah bergegas untuk menunjukkan ketidakkonsistenan laporan tersebut. Dengan teori konspirasi masih hidup dan berkembang dengan baik di Internet, Roswell terus berkembang sebagai tujuan wisata bagi penggemar UFO jauh dan luas, menjadi tuan rumah Festival Pertemuan UFO tahunan setiap bulan Juli dan menyambut pengunjung sepanjang tahun ke Museum dan Pusat Penelitian UFO Internasional.

PETA INTERAKTIF: Penampakan UFO Dianggap Serius oleh Pemerintah AS


Detail Aneh Tentang Roswell Yang Masih Tidak Masuk Akal

Sebuah pesawat ruang angkasa alien tidak mendarat di Roswell, New Mexico pada tahun 1947. Bukannya ada sesuatu yang tidak jatuh — itu tidak dapat disangkal — tetapi itu terjadi di Corona, New Mexico, 75 mil di luar Roswell, dan puing-puingnya kemudian dibawa ke Roswell Army Airfield.

Menurut ABC News, jajak pendapat Time-CNN mengungkapkan bahwa, pada peringatan 50 tahun kecelakaan itu, 65% orang Amerika percaya bahwa UFO telah mendarat. Skeptoid menunjukkan, bagaimanapun, bahwa insiden Roswell sebagian besar diabaikan sampai tahun 1978, ketika National Enquirer menerbitkan ulang artikel berita asli yang mengumumkan piringan terbang, dan bahwa cerita itu selanjutnya diliputi oleh episode "Misteri Tak Terpecahkan" 1989.

Itu mungkin bukan pesawat luar angkasa alien, tetapi cobalah meyakinkan orang-orang percaya sejati atau kota Roswell, yang telah menguangkan cerita, senang tidak lagi hanya menjadi ibu kota susu di Southwest, menurut New York Times.

Digambarkan sebagai "klaim UFO yang paling terkenal, paling diselidiki secara mendalam, dan paling dibantah di dunia," masih ada bagian dari cerita yang tidak sesuai. Berikut adalah beberapa detail aneh tentang Roswell yang masih tidak masuk akal.


Apakah Catatan Menunjukkan Bukti UFO?

WASHINGTON, 9 Februari 2018 — Pernah bertanya-tanya apakah kita sendirian di alam semesta ini?

Selama bertahun-tahun, banyak peneliti dan ilmuwan telah menjelajahi dokumen pemerintah di Arsip Nasional untuk mencari bukti bahwa kehidupan ada di luar Bumi.

Administrasi Arsip dan Arsip Nasional sebenarnya adalah rumah bagi beberapa koleksi dokumen yang berkaitan dengan benda terbang tak dikenal (UFO) atau "cakram terbang." Dan selama beberapa dekade, sumber daya tersebut telah diselidiki dan diteliti secara menyeluruh bahkan untuk sedikit informasi dan bukti keberadaan alien.

Satu set dokumen, yang dikenal sebagai Project Blue Book, termasuk catatan pensiunan yang tidak diklasifikasikan dari Angkatan Udara Amerika Serikat (USAF), yang saat ini disimpan di Arsip Nasional. Ini berkaitan dengan investigasi USAF terhadap UFO dari tahun 1947 hingga 1969.

Menurut Lembar Fakta Angkatan Udara AS, total 12.618 penampakan dilaporkan ke Proyek Buku Biru selama periode waktu ini. Dari jumlah tersebut, 701 tetap “tidak teridentifikasi.” Proyek - yang pernah bermarkas di Pangkalan Angkatan Udara Wright-Patterson, Ohio - secara resmi berakhir pada tahun 1969.

Subyek UFO telah lama terpesona anggota staf Arsip Nasional juga. Dalam posting blog 15 Juli 2017, Arsip Nasional Pesan Teks, "Lihat Sesuatu, Katakan Sesuatu": Persyaratan Pelaporan UFO, Kantor Pemerintah Militer untuk Bavaria, Jerman, arsip Mei 1948 Greg Bradsher dan Sylvia Naylor berbagi sejarah singkat Proyek Blue Book, nama alternatif proyek selama keberadaannya, dan beberapa informasi tentang insiden UFO Roswell, New Mexico yang terkenal.

Semua dokumentasi Project Blue Book tersedia dalam 94 rol mikrofilm (T1206) dengan file kasus dan catatan administrasi. Catatan ini tersedia untuk pemeriksaan di Ruang Baca Mikrofilm Arsip Nasional di Arsip Nasional di College Park, Maryland. Film gambar bergerak, rekaman suara, dan beberapa gambar diam dikelola oleh Cabang Gambar Bergerak & Suara & Video dan Cabang Gambar Diam. Bahkan ada halaman web Project Blue Book sehingga peneliti dapat mengakses online lebih dari 50.000 dokumen resmi Pemerintah AS yang berkaitan dengan fenomena UFO.

Richard Peuser, kepala operasi referensi tekstual di Arsip Nasional di College Park, Maryland, mengatakan bahwa badan tersebut telah melihat sejumlah minat yang stabil dalam file yang berhubungan dengan UFO, menanggapi "beberapa ratus atau lebih permintaan" selama bertahun-tahun.

"Kadang-kadang orang yang sama akan menulis berkali-kali dengan harapan mendapatkan jawaban yang berbeda," lanjut Peuser. "Banyak yang merasa bahwa catatan itu terlalu jinak dan bahwa Pemerintah [harus] 'menyembunyikan' hal-hal yang sebenarnya. Seringkali ada tuduhan menutup-nutupi dengan sengaja menyembunyikan atau menghancurkan dokumen tersebut.”

Peuser berkata, “Arsip Nasional masih mendapatkan cukup banyak pertanyaan yang berkaitan dengan UFO dan orang-orang telah datang untuk mencari catatan lain dalam catatan Angkatan Udara AS yang diakses pada khususnya. Jadi, Roswell, Area 51, Majestic-12, Projects Mogul, Sign, Grudge, dan Twinkle terus memukau dan menarik para peneliti untuk memeriksa kepemilikan alien kami.”

Katalog Arsip Nasional menghasilkan 37 deskripsi katalog, yang disusun di bawah piring terbang, piring, fenomena UFO terbang, UFOlogi, atau UFO.

Apakah Catatan Menunjukkan Bukti UFO?

Siaran pers Kongres dari Pemimpin Minoritas DPR saat itu, Gerald Ford, menyerukan penyelidikan penampakan UFO pada tahun 1966. (Kotak D9, folder Siaran Pers Ford-UFO 1966 dari Ford Congressional Papers: Sekretaris Pers dan File Pidato di Gerald R Perpustakaan Kepresidenan Ford.)

Sebuah rilis berita Departemen Pertahanan dan surat tanggapan kepada anggota Kongres saat itu Gerald Ford menguraikan rencana Angkatan Udara AS untuk menyelidiki laporan benda terbang tak dikenal—UFO. (Kotak D9, Siaran Pers Ford-UFO 1966 dari Makalah Kongres Ford: Sekretaris Pers dan File Pidato di Perpustakaan Kepresidenan Gerald R. Ford.)

Presiden Jimmy Carter, melihat sebuah UFO di atas langit Leary, Georgia, dan mengajukan laporan ini ketika dia menjadi Gubernur Georgia. (“Carter, Jimmy, UFO Report, 1973.” Museum dan Perpustakaan Kepresidenan Jimmy Carter, Atlanta, Georgia.)

Komite Investigasi Nasional untuk Fenomena Udara mengeluarkan laporan atas permintaan Presiden Jimmy Carter untuk menyelidiki objek terbang tak dikenal di atas Leary, Georgia. ("Carter, Jimmy UFO Report 1973." Museum dan Perpustakaan Kepresidenan Jimmy Carter, Atlanta, Georgia.)

Sebuah memorandum yang tidak diklasifikasikan membahas UFO dan mencakup kunjungan Edwin P. Hartman, Western Coordinator, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Office of the Coordinator of Research, pada 3 Mei 1950 ke Northrop Aircraft, Inc. (Record Group 255, Reference Memorandums - 1940-1956, Administrasi Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional.)

Selama bertahun-tahun, karena catatan telah diproses dan dikatalogkan di Arsip Nasional, dokumen lain telah terungkap.

Hanya beberapa tahun yang lalu ketika teknisi arsip Michael Rhodes sedang memproses ratusan kotak catatan Angkatan Udara, dia menemukan gambar di sudut dokumen laporan uji terbang yang menarik perhatiannya.

Gambar itu—kata Rhodes dalam posting blog Arsip Nasional Potongan Sejarah 8 Juli 2013, Piring Terbang, Mekanika Populer, dan Arsip Nasional—menarik perhatiannya karena kemiripannya yang mencolok dengan piring terbang dalam film-film fiksi ilmiah populer yang dibuat selama itu. zaman. Para peneliti dapat melihat keseluruhan rangkaian secara langsung atau membaca Laporan Ringkasan Pengembangan Akhir Proyek 1794 tahun 1956 secara online.

Katalog online Arsip Nasional mencakup serangkaian catatan dari Administrasi Penerbangan Federal yang mendokumentasikan penampakan UFO oleh awak Japan Airlines Penerbangan 1628 saat berada di wilayah udara Alaska. Catatan Arsip Nasional termasuk simulasi citra radar dan artikel yang muncul di Majalah Philadelphia Inquirer pada tanggal 24 Mei 1987, tentang kejadian tersebut.

Catatan dalam koleksi ini juga termasuk catatan dari wawancara dengan tiga anggota kru yang melihat UFO dan tersedia di katalog online. Catatan itu ditemukan sebagai bagian dari proyek digitalisasi Alaska, menurut Marie Brindo-Vas, teknisi metadata di Arsip Nasional di Seattle, Washington.

Catatan menarik lainnya dari file National Aeronautics and Space Administration termasuk transkrip Air-to-Ground dari Gemini VII. Ditemukan di katalog online Arsip Nasional, catatan tersebut mencakup transkrip percakapan antara kontrol Houston dan astronot yang "memiliki bogey pada ketinggian jam 10." Bogey sering menjadi istilah yang digunakan untuk menyebut UFO. Percakapan selanjutnya menjelaskan bahwa para astronot melihat di orbit kutub "ratusan partikel kecil lewat dari kiri sekitar 3 atau 4 mil."

Arsip Nasional juga memiliki rekaman audiovisual yang berkaitan dengan UFO seperti video Pernyataan Mayor Jenderal John A. Samford tentang "Piring Terbang" dari Pentagon, Washington, DC, pada tanggal 31 Juli 1952, di mana pemimpin militer membahas Investigasi Angkatan Darat terhadap piringan terbang. Video lain yang dikeluarkan oleh Departemen Pertahanan menyoroti Letnan Kolonel USAF Lawrence J. Tacker dan Mayor Hector Quintanilla, Jr., membahas Project Blue Book dan identifikasi UFO.

Perpustakaan dan Museum Kepresidenan Gerald R. Ford memiliki dokumen yang berkaitan dengan UFO yang disusun oleh Ford ketika ia menjadi Pemimpin Minoritas DPR dan Anggota Kongres dari Michigan. Dokumen asli terletak di Kotak D9, folder “Ford Press Releases - UFO, 1966” dari Ford Congressional Papers: Press Secretary and Speech File di Ford Library.

Dalam memorandum ini, anggota Kongres Ford saat itu mengusulkan agar “Kongres menyelidiki laporan penampakan benda terbang tak dikenal di Michigan Selatan dan bagian lain negara itu.” Sebuah rilis berita terlampir pada memorandum itu selanjutnya mengatakan, “Ford tidak puas dengan penjelasan Angkatan Udara tentang penampakan baru-baru ini di Michigan dan menggambarkan versi “gas rawa” yang diberikan oleh astrofisikawan J. Allen Hynek sebagai sembrono.”

Pada Oktober 1969, Gubernur Georgia saat itu, Jimmy Carter, melihat UFO di atas langit Leary, Georgia. Museum dan Perpustakaan Kepresidenan Jimmy Carter di Atlanta, Georgia, memiliki laporan lengkap yang dia serahkan ke Biro UFO Internasional.

Karena semakin banyak dokumen yang digeledah, diproses, dan dideklasifikasi, bukti apa yang mungkin ditemukan tentang keberadaan alien dan UFO di Arsip Nasional? Itu masih harus dilihat, tetapi berdasarkan sejarah masa lalu, jelas bahwa para peneliti dan penggemar UFO akan terus menggali informasi lebih lanjut. Ketertarikan yang meluas dengan kemungkinan keberadaan bentuk kehidupan asing dan UFO terus membangkitkan gairah besar dan kontroversi di seluruh Bumi.


Laporan Angkatan Udara AS tentang Roswell - SEJARAH

Salinan cetak sebenarnya dari laporan ini dapat dipesan dengan menghubungi meja pemesanan publikasi GAO di (202) 512-6000.

Kantor Akuntansi Umum Amerika Serikat
Washington, DC 20545

Divisi Keamanan Nasional dan Urusan Internasional

Yang Terhormat Steven H. Schiff
Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat

Pada tanggal 8 Juli 1947, kantor informasi publik Roswell Army Air Held (RAAF) di Roswell, New Mexico, melaporkan kecelakaan dan pemulihan "cakram terbang". Hari berikutnya, pers melaporkan bahwa Komandan Jenderal Angkatan Udara Kedelapan A.S., Fort Worth, Texas, mengumumkan bahwa personel RAAF telah menemukan balon pelacak radar (cuaca) yang jatuh, bukan piringan terbang."

Setelah hampir 50 tahun, spekulasi terus berlanjut tentang apa yang jatuh di Roswell. Beberapa pengamat percaya bahwa objek itu berasal dari luar bumi. Pada Juli 1994 "Laporan Penelitian Angkatan Udara Mengenai Insiden Roswell", Angkatan Udara tidak membantah bahwa sesuatu terjadi di dekat Roswell, tetapi melaporkan bahwa kemungkinan besar sumber puing-puing itu berasal dari proyek pemerintah rahasia yang diluncurkan dengan balon yang dirancang untuk menentukan keadaan. penelitian senjata nuklir Soviet. Perdebatan tentang apa yang jatuh di Roswell terus berlanjut.

Khawatir bahwa Departemen Pertahanan (DoD) mungkin tidak memberi Anda semua informasi yang tersedia tentang kecelakaan itu, Anda meminta kami untuk menentukan persyaratan pelaporan kecelakaan udara yang serupa dengan kecelakaan di dekat Roswell dan mengidentifikasi catatan pemerintah terkait kecelakaan Roswell.

Kami melakukan pencarian ekstensif untuk catatan pemerintah terkait dengan kecelakaan di dekat Roswell. Kami memeriksa berbagai macam dokumen rahasia dan tidak rahasia yang berasal dari Juli 1947 hingga 1950-an. Catatan ini berasal dari berbagai organisasi di New Mexico dan di tempat lain di seluruh Departemen Pertahanan serta Biro Investigasi Federal (FBI), Badan Intelijen Pusat (CIA), dan Dewan Keamanan Nasional. Lingkup penuh dan metodologi pekerjaan kami dirinci di bagian akhir Laporan ini.

HASIL SINGKAT

Pada tahun 1947, peraturan mengharuskan laporan kecelakaan udara dipertahankan. melaporkan kecelakaan dan pemulihan "cakram terbang" di dekat Roswell. Angkatan Laut melaporkan tidak ada kecelakaan udara di New Mexico selama Juli 1947. Pejabat Angkatan Udara mengatakan kepada kami bahwa menurut persyaratan pencatatan yang berlaku selama Juli 1947, tidak ada persyaratan untuk menyiapkan laporan tentang jatuhnya balon cuaca.

Dalam pencarian kami untuk catatan tentang kecelakaan Roswell, kami mengetahui bahwa beberapa catatan pemerintah yang mencakup kegiatan RAAF telah dihancurkan dan yang lainnya tidak. Misalnya, catatan administrasi RAAF (dari Maret 1945 hingga Desember 1949) dan pesan keluar RAAF (dari Oktober 1946 hingga Desember 1949) dihancurkan. Formulir disposisi dokumen tidak menunjukkan organisasi atau orang apa yang memusnahkan arsip dan kapan atau di bawah otoritas apa arsip dimusnahkan.

Pencarian kami untuk catatan pemerintah mengenai kecelakaan Roswell menghasilkan dua catatan yang berasal dari tahun 1947 -- laporan sejarah Juli 1947 oleh gabungan 509th Bomb Group dan RAAF dan pesan teletype FBI tertanggal 8 Juli 1947. Laporan 5O9th-RAAF mencatat pemulihan sebuah "cakram terbang" yang kemudian ditentukan oleh pejabat militer sebagai balon pelacak radar. Pesan FBI menyatakan bahwa militer telah melaporkan bahwa sebuah objek yang menyerupai balon cuaca ketinggian tinggi dengan reflektor radar telah ditemukan di dekat Roswell.

Catatan pemerintah lainnya yang kami tinjau, termasuk yang sebelumnya dirahasiakan dari publik karena klasifikasi keamanan, dan analisis Angkatan Udara tentang penampakan benda terbang tak dikenal (1) dari tahun 1946 hingga 1953 (Laporan Khusus Proyek Buku Biru No. 14), tidak menyebutkan kecelakaan atau penemuan kembali objek udara di dekat Roswell pada Juli 1947. Demikian pula, tanggapan badan-badan eksekutif terhadap surat-surat penyelidikan kami tidak menghasilkan catatan pemerintah lain tentang kecelakaan Roswell.

Catatan kaki

(1) Menurut peraturan Angkatan Udara, objek tak dikenal adalah objek udara yang kinerjanya, karakteristik aereodinamiknya, atau fiturnya yang tidak biasa, tidak sesuai dengan pesawat terbang atau rudal yang dikenal, atau tidak sesuai dengan definisi Angkatan Udara tentang objek yang dikenal atau dikenal atau pesawat tak dikenal.

MELAPORKAN KECELAKAAN UDARA

Menurut laporan pers dari Juli 1947, personel Angkatan Udara Angkatan Darat dari RAAF terlibat dalam pemulihan sebuah objek udara di dekat Roswell. Oleh karena itu, jika laporan kecelakaan udara dibuat, seharusnya dibuat sesuai dengan peraturan Angkatan Darat. Menurut seorang pejabat manajemen catatan Angkatan Darat, pada tahun 1947 peraturan Angkatan Darat mengharuskan laporan kecelakaan udara disimpan secara permanen. Seorang pejabat Angkatan Udara mengatakan tidak ada persyaratan serupa untuk melaporkan kecelakaan balon cuaca.

Menurut seorang pejabat Angkatan Udara yang telah bekerja di bidang manajemen catatan sejak inid 1940-an, laporan kecelakaan udara yang disiapkan pada Juli 1947 di bawah peraturan Angkatan Darat seharusnya telah dipindahkan ke tahanan Angkatan Udara pada bulan September 1947, ketika Angkatan Udara didirikan sebagai layanan terpisah.

Badan Keselamatan Angkatan Udara bertanggung jawab untuk memelihara laporan kecelakaan udara. Kami memeriksa catatan mikrofilmnya untuk menentukan apakah ada kecelakaan udara yang dilaporkan di New Mexico selama Juli 1947. Kami mengidentifikasi empat kecelakaan udara selama periode ini.(2) Semua kecelakaan melibatkan pesawat tempur militer atau kargo dan terjadi setelah tanggal 8 Juli, 1947 -- tanggal kantor informasi publik RAAF pertama kali melaporkan kecelakaan dan pemulihan "cakram terbang" di dekat Roswell. Menurut Laporan Kecelakaan Besar Angkatan Udara Angkatan Darat, keempat kecelakaan ini terjadi di atau dekat kota Hobbs, Albuquerque, Carrizozo, dan Alamogordo, New Mexico. Hanya satu dari empat kecelakaan yang mengakibatkan kematian. Pilot tewas ketika pesawat jatuh saat mencoba lepas landas.

Catatan kaki:

(2) Catatan ini tidak termasuk informasi mengenai kecelakaan kendaraan udara milik sipil atau instansi pemerintah lainnya. Catatan ini juga tidak termasuk kecelakaan yang melibatkan kendaraan udara tak berawak seperti pesawat yang dikemudikan dari jarak jauh, rudal jelajah berkecepatan rendah, dan sebagian besar balon.

CARI REKAM

Dalam mencari catatan pemerintah tentang kecelakaan Roswell, kami sangat tertarik untuk mengidentifikasi dan meninjau catatan unit militer yang ditugaskan ke RAAF pada tahun 1947 -- termasuk Grup Bom ke-509, Unit Transportasi Udara ke-1, Unit Pangkalan Angkatan Udara ke-427, dan Perusahaan Polisi Militer (Penerbangan) ke-1395.

Formulir disposisi dokumen yang diperoleh dari Pusat Catatan Personel Nasional di St. Louis, Missouri, menunjukkan bahwa pada tahun 1953, petugas catatan Pangkalan Angkatan Udara Walker (sebelumnya RAAF) dipindahkan ke penyimpanan catatan Angkatan Darat Kansas City, sejarah unit yang ditempatkan di Angkatan Udara Walker Basis. Sejarah ini termasuk Grup Bom 509 dan RAAF untuk Februari 1947 hingga Oktober 1947, Unit Transportasi Udara Pertama untuk Juli 1946 hingga Juni 1947 dan Unit Pangkalan Angkatan Udara ke-427 untuk Januari 1946 hingga Februari 1947. Kami tidak dapat menemukan dokumentasi apa pun yang menunjukkan catatan tersebut. dari Perusahaan Polisi Militer (Penerbangan) ke-1395 pernah dipensiunkan ke Pusat Catatan Personel Nasional atau tempat penyimpanan pendahulunya.

Sejarah Kelompok Bom 509 dan RAAF Juli 1947 menyatakan bahwa kantor informasi publik RAAF tetap cukup sibuk. menjawab pertanyaan tentang 'cakram terbang', yang dilaporkan dimiliki oleh Grup Bom 509. Objek itu ternyata adalah balon pelacak radar." Dengan tanda tangannya, komandan RAAF menyatakan bahwa laporan tersebut mewakili laporan lengkap dan akurat tentang kegiatan RAAF pada Juli 1947. (Kutipan dari laporan tersebut terdapat dalam aplikasi. I.)

Selain laporan sejarah unit, kami juga mencari catatan pemerintah lainnya tentang kecelakaan Roswell. Dalam hal ini, Kepala Arsip untuk Pusat Catatan Personalia Nasional memberi kami dokumentasi yang menunjukkan bahwa (1) catatan RAAF seperti keuangan dan akuntansi, persediaan, bangunan dan tanah, dan hal-hal administrasi umum lainnya dari Maret 1945 sampai Desember 1949 dan (2 ) Pesan keluar RAAF dari Oktober 1946 sampai Desember 1949 dihancurkan. Menurut pejabat ini, formulir disposisi dokumen tidak secara tepat menunjukkan otoritas di mana tindakan pembuangan itu dilakukan. Kepala Arsiparis Pusat menyatakan bahwa dari pengalaman pribadinya, banyak catatan organisasi Angkatan Udara yang mencakup periode waktu ini dihancurkan tanpa memasukkan kutipan untuk otoritas disposisi yang mengatur. Tinjauan kami terhadap formulir kontrol arsip yang menunjukkan penghancuran arsip lain—termasuk pesan RAAF yang keluar untuk tahun 1950—mendukung sudut pandang Kepala Pengarsip.

Selama peninjauan catatan kami di markas besar FBI, kami menemukan pesan teletype 8 Juli 1947 dari kantor FBI di Dallas, Texas, ke markas besar FBI dan kantor FBI di Cincinnati, Ohio. Seorang juru bicara FBI mengkonfirmasi keaslian pesan tersebut.

Menurut pesan itu, seorang pejabat markas Angkatan Udara Kedelapan telah memberi tahu kantor FBI di Dallas tentang pemulihan di dekat Roswell tentang cakram berbentuk heksagonal yang digantungkan dari balon besar dengan kabel. Pesan lebih lanjut menyatakan bahwa cakram dan balon sedang dikirim ke Wright Field (sekarang Pangkalan Angkatan Udara Wright-Patterson, Ohio) untuk diperiksa. Menurut pejabat Angkatan Udara Kedelapan, objek yang ditemukan menyerupai balon cuaca ketinggian tinggi dengan reflektor radar. Pesan tersebut menyatakan bahwa tidak ada penyelidikan lebih lanjut oleh FBI yang sedang dilakukan. (Salinan pesan teletype muncul di aplikasi. II.)

Untuk menindaklanjuti pesan 8 Juli, kami meninjau abstrak mikrofilm dari kegiatan kantor FBI Dallas dan Cincinnati untuk Juli 1947. Abstrak yang disiapkan oleh kantor FBI Dallas pada 12 Juli 1947, merangkum rincian pesan 8 Juli. Tidak disebutkan dalam abstrak kantor Cincinnati tentang kecelakaan atau pemulihan objek udara di dekat Roswell.

Karena pesan FBI melaporkan bahwa puing-puing dari kecelakaan Roswell sedang diangkut ke Wright Held untuk diperiksa, kami berusaha untuk menentukan apakah ada peraturan militer untuk menangani puing-puing tersebut. Kami tidak dapat menemukan peraturan yang berlaku. Sebagai langkah terakhir, kami meninjau catatan Komando Materiel Udara (Wright Held) dari tahun 1947 hingga 1950 untuk bukti keterlibatan personel komando dalam masalah ini. Kami tidak menemukan catatan yang menyebutkan kecelakaan Roswell atau pemeriksaan oleh personel Komando Materiel Udara dari puing-puing yang ditemukan dari kecelakaan itu.

PERTANYAAN KEPADA BADAN FEDERAL TENTANG REKOR ATAS CRASH

Kami mengirim surat ke beberapa agen federal meminta catatan pemerintah yang mungkin mereka miliki tentang kecelakaan Roswell. Dalam hal ini, kami menghubungi Departemen Pertahanan, Dewan Keamanan Nasional, Kantor Kebijakan Sains dan Teknologi Gedung Putih, CIA, FBI, dan Departemen Energi.

Dewan Keamanan Nasional, Kantor Kebijakan Sains dan Teknologi Gedung Putih, dan Departemen Energi menjawab bahwa mereka tidak memiliki catatan pemerintah terkait dengan kecelakaan Roswell. (Salinan tanggapan mereka muncul di aplikasi. III, IV, dan V.) FBI, DoD, dan CIA memberikan informasi berikut.

BIRO INVESTIGASI FEDERAL

FBI memberi tahu kami bahwa semua data FBI mengenai kecelakaan di dekat Roswell telah diproses berdasarkan permintaan Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) yang sebelumnya diterima oleh Biro. Kami meninjau materi FOIA FBI dan mengidentifikasi pesan teletipe FBI 8 Juli 1947 yang membahas pemulihan dekat Roswell dari balon cuaca ketinggian tinggi dengan reflektor radar. (Salinan tanggapan FBI muncul di aplikasi. VI.)

DEPARTEMEN PERTAHANAN

DoD memberi tahu kami bahwa laporan Angkatan Udara AS Juli 1994, berjudul "Laporan Penelitian Angkatan Udara Mengenai Insiden Roswell", mewakili sejauh mana catatan DoD atau informasi mengenai kecelakaan Roswell. Laporan Angkatan Udara menyimpulkan bahwa tidak ada perselisihan bahwa sesuatu terjadi di dekat Roswell pada Juli 1947 dan bahwa semua bahan resmi yang tersedia menunjukkan bahwa sumber yang paling mungkin dari puing-puing yang ditemukan adalah salah satu proyek kereta balon MOGUL. Pada saat kecelakaan Roswell, proyek MOGUL adalah upaya AS yang sangat rahasia untuk menentukan keadaan penelitian senjata nuklir Soviet menggunakan balon yang membawa reflektor radar dan sensor akustik. (Salinan respons DoD muncul di aplikasi. VII.)

BADAN INTELIJEN PUSAT

Pada bulan Maret 1995, Direktur Eksekutif CIA menanggapi surat penyelidikan kami dengan menyatakan bahwa pencarian sebelumnya oleh CIA untuk catatan tentang objek terbang tak dikenal tidak menghasilkan informasi yang berkaitan dengan kecelakaan Roswell. Direktur Eksekutif menambahkan, bagaimanapun, bahwa tidak jelas apakah CIA pernah melakukan pencarian untuk catatan khusus yang berkaitan dengan Roswell. Dengan tidak adanya jaminan tersebut, Direktur Eksekutif menginstruksikan personel CIA untuk melakukan pencarian catatan komprehensif untuk informasi yang berkaitan dengan Roswell. Pada tanggal 30 Mei 1995, Direktur Eksekutif CIA memberitahu kami bahwa pencarian terhadap istilah "Roswell, New Mexico," di semua database CIA tidak menghasilkan dokumen CIA terkait dengan kecelakaan itu. (Salinan tanggapan CIA muncul di aplikasi VIII.)

KOMENTAR AGENSI

Draf laporan ini diberikan kepada Departemen Pertahanan untuk dikomentari. DoD tidak memberikan komentar atau saran perubahan pada laporan. Kepala Arsiparis, Pusat Arsip Kepegawaian Nasional memberikan beberapa komentar yang mengklarifikasi hal-hal yang berhubungan dengan manajemen arsip. Komentar-komentar ini telah dimasukkan ke dalam laporan akhir jika sesuai.

CIA, Departemen Energi, FBI, Dewan Keamanan Nasional, dan Kantor Kebijakan Sains dan Teknologi Gedung Putih juga menerima kutipan dari laporan yang membahas kegiatan lembaga masing-masing. Mereka tidak memiliki komentar substantif dan tidak membuat perubahan yang disarankan pada laporan.

RUANG LINGKUP DAN METODOLOGI

Untuk menentukan persyaratan pelaporan semua kecelakaan pada tahun 1947, kami mewawancarai pejabat manajemen catatan dinas militer, meninjau peraturan pencatatan militer yang berlaku selama periode ini, dan memeriksa laporan kecelakaan udara Angkatan Udara dan Angkatan Laut.

Kami juga berusaha mengidentifikasi catatan pemerintah yang terkait dengan kecelakaan Roswell. Dalam hal ini, kami mengunjungi dan meninjau catatan di lokasi yang tercantum dalam tabel 1.

Pencarian kami atas catatan pemerintah diperumit oleh fakta bahwa beberapa catatan yang ingin kami tinjau hilang dan tidak selalu ada penjelasan. Selanjutnya, peraturan pengelolaan arsip untuk penyimpanan dan pemusnahan arsip tidak jelas atau berubah selama periode yang kami tinjau.

Kami juga menanyakan Dewan Keamanan Nasional, Kantor Kebijakan Sains dan Teknologi Gedung Putih, Departemen Energi, FBI, DOD, dan CIA untuk menentukan catatan pemerintah apa yang mereka miliki tentang kecelakaan Roswell. Kami tidak secara independen memverifikasi informasi yang diberikan kepada kami dalam tanggapan tertulis mereka.

Selain memeriksa secara fisik catatan pemerintah, kami menghubungi aktivitas federal berikut untuk menentukan apakah mereka memiliki informasi tentang kecelakaan Roswell:

  • Badan Penelitian Sejarah Angkatan Udara, Pangkalan Angkatan Udara Maxwell, Alabama
  • Pusat Sistem Penerbangan Angkatan Udara, Pangkalan Angkatan Udara Wright-Patterson, Ohio
  • Pusat Sejarah Militer Angkatan Darat, Washington, D.C. dan
  • Sayap Bom 509, Kantor Sejarawan, Pangkalan Angkatan Udara Whiteman, Missouri.

Kami melakukan tinjauan kami dari Maret 1994 sampai Juni 1995 sesuai dengan standar audit pemerintah yang berlaku umum.

Kecuali Anda mengumumkan kontennya lebih awal, kami berencana tidak akan mendistribusikan laporan ini lebih lanjut hingga 30 hari setelah tanggal penerbitannya. Pada saat itu, kami akan menyediakan salinan untuk pihak lain yang berkepentingan berdasarkan permintaan.

Jika Anda atau staf Anda memiliki pertanyaan tentang laporan ini, silakan hubungi saya. Kontributor utama laporan ini adalah Gary K. Weeter, Asisten Direktur.

/s/ Richard Davis
Direktur, Analisis Keamanan Nasional

LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1: Sejarah Gabungan untuk Juli 1947

Lampiran 2: Pesan Teletype FBI Tertanggal 8 Juli 1947

Lampiran 3: Komentar dari Dewan Keamanan Nasional

Lampiran 4: Komentar Dari Kantor Kebijakan Sains dan Teknologi, Kantor Eksekutif Presiden

Lampiran V: Komentar dari Departemen Energi

Lampiran VI: Komentar dari Biro Investigasi Federal

Lampiran VII: Komentar dari Departemen Pertahanan

Lampiran VIII: Komentar dari Central Intelligence Agency

Tabel 1: Lokasi yang Dikunjungi dan Catatan yang Ditinjau

Badan Intelijen Pusat CIA
Departemen Pertahanan DoD
Biro Investigasi Federal FBI
Undang-Undang Kebebasan Informasi FOIA
Lapangan Udara Angkatan Darat RAAF Roswell

LAMPIRAN I: Sejarah Gabungan Juli 1947

[ Gambar / halaman sampul muncul di sini, teks: ]

1 Juli 1947 Hingga 31 Juli 1947

[halaman dari dokumen yang diambil mengikuti]

Tiga pengarahan lainnya adalah yang diberikan kepada VIP dan pengarahan simulasi kepada sekelompok besar Pramuka Udara yang mewakili semua pasukan di New Mexico yang diberikan pada tanggal 15 Juli 1947.

Beberapa proyek kecil diselesaikan selama bulan itu termasuk tanda-tanda di semua pintu kantor, direktori bangunan, dan peta situasi dunia yang dipelihara setiap hari.

Bagian Historis S-2 telah mengalami hambatan serius dengan dicopotnya stenografer biasa dengan pengurangan kekuatan.

Dikarenakan kualitas laporan jurusan secara umum masih kurang memadai, maka perkuliahan sedang dipersiapkan untuk diberikan pada awal Agustus untuk melatih perwakilan penghubung masing-masing jurusan dengan baik.

The Office of Public Information was kept quite busy during the month answering inquiries on the "flying disc", which was reported to be in the possession of the 509th Bomb Group. The object turned out to be a radar tracking ballooon.

The main project of the month was making all arrangements for a successful Air Force Day. Lt. Golonel Oliver LaFarge, Air Reserve Corps, at Santa Fe, made arrangements for Colonel Blanchard to visit the Governor of New Mexico and ask him to declare Air Force Day in New Mexico on 7 August.

[end excerpt from Combined History]

APPENDIX II: FBI TELETYPE MESSAGE DATED JULY 8, 1947

[Note %%%% indicates area blacked out by marker spelling is reproduced as is in the original.]

DIRECTOR AND SAC, CINCINNATI URGENT %%%%%%%

FLYING DISC, INFORMATION CONCERNING %%%%%%% HEADQUARTERS EIGHTH AIR FORCE, TELEPHONICALLY ADVISED THIS OFFICE THAT AN OBJECT PURPORTING TO BE A FLYING DISC WAS RE COVERED NEAR ROSWELL, NEW MEXICO, THIS DATE. THE DISC IS HEXAGONAL IN SHAPE AND WAS SUSPENDED FROM A BALLON BY CABLE, WHICH BALLON WAS APPROXIMATELY TWENTY FEET IN DIAMETER. %%%%%%% FURTHER ADVISED THAT THE OBJECT FOUND RESEMBLES A HIGH ALTITUDE WEATHER BALLON WITH A RADAR REFLECTOR, BUT THAT TELEPHONIC CONVERSATION BETWEEN THEIR OFFICE AND WRICHT FIELD HAD NOT %%%%%%%%% BORNE OUT THIS BELIEF. DISC AND BALLOON BEING TRANSPORTED TO WRIGHT FIELD BY SPECIAL PLANE FOR EXAMINAT INFORMATION PROVIDED THIS OFFICE BECAUSE OF NATIONAL INTEREST IN CASE. XXXX AND FACT THAT NATIONAL BROADCASTING COMPANY, ASSOCIATED PRESS, AND OTHERS ATTEMPTING TO BREAK STORY OF LOCATION OF DISC TODAY. %%%% %%%%% ADVISED WOULD REQUEST WRIGHT FIELD TO ADVISE CINCINNATI OFFICE RESULTS OF EXAMINATION, NO FURTHER INVESTIGATION BEING CONDUCTED.

APPENDIX III: COMMENTS FROM THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL

[letter follows on "National Security Council" letterhead]

NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL
Washington, D.C. 20506

MEMORANDUM FOR MR. JOSEPH E. KELLEY

Director-in-Charge, International Affairs Issues
General Accounting Office

SUBJECT: Request for NSC Records

I am responding to your April 12, 1995, request for information or NSC records related to the crash of an airborne object near Roswell, New Mexico in July 1947. The NSC has no records or information related to the incident at Roswell.

For information about any government records that may document the crash at Roswell, we suggest you contact the National Archives, Textual Reference Division, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, Maryland 20740.

APPENDIX IV:

COMMENTS FROM THE OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY, EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT [letter follows on "Executive Office of the President, Office of Science and Technology Policy" letterhead]

EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY
WASHINGT0N D.C 20500

In response to your recent inquiry of April 12, 1995. The Office of Science and Techology Policy reviewed its records regarding the Roswell Incident. OSTP has no direct knowledge of what occurred at Roswell and no records, except for the information I received from the Air Force.

I look forward to receiving the GAO report.

/s/ John H. Gibbons
Director

Mr. William Hunt
Director, Federal Management Issues
United States Government Accounting Office
Washington, DC 20548

APPENDIX V:

COMMENTS FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY [letter follows on "Department of Energy" letterhead]

Department of Energy
Washington, DC 20585

Richard Davis
Director, National Security Analysis
General Accounting Office
Washington, D.C. 20538

This is in response to your request for records related to the crash of an airborne object near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947. We conducted an in- depth search for documents related to the crash and have found no such documents.

If you have any questions regarding this matter. please do not hesitate to contact Barry Uhlig of my staff.

/s/ Joseph F. Vivona
Chief Financial Officer

APPENDIX VI:

COMMENTS FROM THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION [letter follows on "U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation" letterhead]

U.S. Department of Justice
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Washington, D.C. 20535
April 24, 1995

Mr. Richard Davis
Director
Attn: Gary K. Weeter
National Security Analysis
General Accounting Office
Washington, D.C.

This is in response to a letter dated April 7, 1995, from Norman J. Rabkin, Director, Administration of Justice Issues, General Accounting Office, to John E. Collingwood, Inspector in Charge, of Office of Public and Congressional Affairs, FBI, regarding government records concerning the crash of an airborne object near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947 (code 701034)

A search of FBI indices for information relating to the crash of an airborne object near Roswell, New Mexico, in 1947, determined that all FBI data concerning the incident has been processed under the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and is available for review in our FOIA Reading Room. A copy of the document forwarded to me by Gary Weeter is among the documents in the Reading Room. If your staff wishes to review the material, please call Margaret Tremblay, a member of my staff, at least 48 hours in advance of the desired appointment.

Supervisory Special Agent
Office of Public and Congressional Affairs

APPENDIX VII:

COMMENTS FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE [letter follows on "Inspector General, Department of Defense" letterhead]

INSPECTOR GENERAL
Departemen Pertahanan
400 Army Navy Drive
Arlington, Virginia 22202-2884

Nr. Richard Davis
Director, National Security Analysis
U.S. General Accounting Office
441 G Street N.W.
Room 5025
Washington, D.C. 20548

The Department of the Air Force July 1994 report is the DoD response to questions posed in your April 12 letter related to GAO Code 701034.

If you have any questions, please contact my action officer, Pattie Cirino. If she is not available, please contact Ms. Merlene L. Scales.

/s/ Rathryn M. Truex
Deputy Assistant Inspector General for GAO Report Analysis

APPENDIX VIII:

COMMENTS FROM THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY [letter follows on "Central Intelligence Agency" letterhead]

Central Intelligence Agency

Mr. Richard Davis
Director, National Security Analysis
US General Accounting Office
Washington, D.C. 20548

In a letter dated 30 March 1995, this Agency advised you that it would conduct a comprehensive record search to aid in the completion of your investigation of the crash of an airborne object near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947. In accordance with your request, we have searched all of our data bases against the terms "Project Mogul" and 'Roswell, New Mexico."

The search did not yield any documents related to either of these terms. Therefore, this Agency has no information, beyond those records already reviewed by Mr. Gary Weeter of your staff, relevant to your investigation.

/s/ Nora Slatkin
Executive Director

EXTRA REPORT / LETTER FROM THE GAO TO CONGRESSMAN SCHIFF REGARDING RECORDS HAVING TO DO WITH "MAJESTIC 12".

GAO
Amerika Serikat
General Accounting Office
Washington, D.C. 20548

National Security and International Affairs Division

The Honorable Steven H. Schiff
House of Representatives

In response to your request, we asked several agencies for their views on the authenticity of the publicly circulated written material referred to as Majestic 12. The origin of this material is unknown, but it is purported to represent highly classified government records explaining unidentified flying object recovery procedures and the crash of a disc-shaped aircraft near Roswell, New Mexico, in July 1947.

  • the Information Security Oversight Office (responsible for overseeing the information security programs of all executive branch agencies that create or handle classified national security information),
  • the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, Deputy for Security and Investigative Programs, and
  • the National Archives.

These agencies responded to the inquiries by stating that their knowledge of Majestic 12 was limited to the written material submitted to them by nongovernmental persons. These agencies added that they found no records in their files relating to Majestic 12. Moreover, the agencies' overall conclusion concerning the authenticity of the Majestic 12 written material was the same--there is no evidence that the Majestic 12 written material constitutes actual documents originally created in the executive branch. According to the Information Security Oversight Office and the Air Force, the Majestic 12 material should not be treated as if it had ever been actually classified by an executive branch agency or government official. We found nothing in our work that contradicts the conclusions reached by these agencies.

We also asked the archivists at the Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower libraries for their views on the authenticity of the Majestic 12 material. The archivists said that over the years they have received several inquiries from the public concerning this material. In their search for related records, including classified intelligence and National Security Council documents, they found nothing that appeared to fit the description of the Majestic 12 material or any references to this particular designation.

Lastly, during our review of material received from the public by the Information Security Oversight Office in connection with past Freedom of Information Act requests, we came across a message dated November 17, 1980. The message, which appeared to have been originated by the Operations Division of the Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI), contained the words "MJ Twelve."

We contacted AFOSI to determine the authenticity of the November 1980 message. In a letter dated February 28, 1995, the Commander, AFOSI, Investigative Operations Center, advised us that a search of AFOSI files failed to disclose any official record copy of the message. The commander also advised us that in connection with an earlier Freedom of Information Act request, AFOSI had been asked to determine the authenticity of the message. At that time, AFOSI concluded that the message was a forgery.


U.S. Air Force releases Roswell UFO report

On this day in 1997, U.S. Air Force officials release a 231-page report dismissing long-standing claims of an alien spacecraft crash in Roswell, New Mexico, that occurred almost exactly 50 years earlier. Public interest in Unidentified Flying Objects, or UFOs, began to flourish in the 1940s, when developments in space travel and the dawn of the atomic age caused many Americans to turn their attention to the skies.

The town of Roswell, located near the Pecos River in southeastern New Mexico, became a magnet for UFO believers due to the strange events of early July 1947, when ranch foreman W.W. Brazel found a strange, shiny material scattered over some of his land. He turned the material over to the sheriff, who passed it on to authorities at the nearby Air Force base. On 8 July, Air Force officials announced they had recovered the wreckage of a "flying disc." A local newspaper put the story on its front page, launching Roswell into the spotlight of the public's UFO fascination.

The Air Force soon took back their story, however, saying the debris had merely been from a downed weather balloon. Aside from die-hard UFO believers, or "ufologists," public interest in the so-called "Roswell Incident" faded until the late 1970s, when claims surfaced that the military had invented the weather balloon story as a cover-up. Believers in this theory argued that officials had in fact retrieved several alien bodies from the crashed spacecraft, which were now stored in the mysterious Area 51 installation in Nevada.

Seeking to dispel these suspicions, the Air Force issued a 1,000-page report in 1994 stating that the crashed object was actually a high-altitude weather balloon launched from a nearby missile test-site as part of a classified experiment aimed at monitoring the atmosphere in order to detect Soviet nuclear tests. On 24 July 1997, barely a week before the extravagant 50th anniversary celebration of the incident, the Air Force released yet another report on the controversial subject.

Titled "The Roswell Report, Case Closed," the document stated definitively that there was no Pentagon evidence that any kind of life form was found in the Roswell area in connection with the reported UFO sightings, and that the "bodies" recovered were not aliens but dummies used in parachute tests conducted in the region. Any hopes that this would put an end to the cover-up debate were in vain, as furious ufologists rushed to point out the report's inconsistencies.

With conspiracy theories still alive and well on the Internet, Roswell continues to thrive as a tourist destination for UFO enthusiasts far and wide, hosting the annual UFO Encounter Festival each July and welcoming visitors all year round to its International UFO Museum and Research Centre.


USAF Report Documents Roswell Coverup

Roswell was a coverup, and the official photos of the crash debris are not what Army officers found in the desert. A report from the U.S. Air Force and testimony from two officers present, reveal this to be the case. However, the coverup details do not prove what crashed in the desert in 1947 was an alien spacecraft. According to U.S. Air Force investigators, the coverup demonstrates what crashed in Roswell was a top-secret project from the cold war.

In early July 1947, a rancher claimed to have found debris on a ranch approximately 30 miles outside of Roswell, New Mexico. He reported it to the Chavez County Sheriff in the nearby town of Corona. The sheriff called the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF), who sent intelligence officer Major Jesse Marcel and counterintelligence corps officer (CIC) Captain Sheridan Cavitt to investigate.

On July 7, Marcel and Cavitt went to the debris site and examined the materials. What they reported seeing was strange enough for the base commander to order the creation of a press release claiming the RAAF had captured a “flying saucer.”

On July 8, the front page of the Roswell Daily Record read “RAAF Captures Flying Saucer On Ranch in Roswell Region.” The article claimed the RAAF reported they had “come into possession of a flying saucer.”

Roswell Daily Record, July 8, 1947. Click to enlarge. (Credit: Roswell Daily Record)

The story was short-lived. The next day, the front-page headline of the Roswell Daily Record read: “Gen. Ramey Empties Roswell Saucer” with the subheadings: “Ramey Says Excitement Is Not Justified,” and “General Ramey Says Disk Is Weather Balloon.”

Roswell Daily Record, July 9, 1947. Click to enlarge. (Credit: Roswell Daily Record)

On July 8, Marcel was ordered to bring some of the debris to the Fort Worth Army Air Base in Texas and meet with General Roger Ramey. On July 9, Ramey held a press conference where he said there was no “flying saucer” found, and that the RAAF had mistaken a standard weather balloon for something more mysterious.

Press photos were taken with Marcel, Ramey, Colonel Thomas DuBose (Ramey’s Chief of Staff), and the alleged crash debris.

General Roger Ramey (left) with Colonel Thomas Dubois looking at the weather balloon Ramey claimed was mistaken for a flying saucer in Roswell in 1947.

Jesse Marcel holding the weather balloon debris in Ramey’s office.

The public quickly forgot the entire affair. It wasn’t until the 1980s that the Roswell UFO crash story began to acquire attention. In the late 1970s, researcher Stanton Friedman heard about the case and was able to find Marcel. Marcel told Friedman that the weather balloon story was to coverup what was really found. He said the material was not a weather balloon.

“You couldn’t bend it. You couldn’t dent it. Even a sledgehammer would bounce off of it,” Marcel stated in an interview in the 1980s on the show In Search Of.

“I knew I had never seen anything like that before, and as of now, I do not know what it was,” Marcel continued, “It was not anything from this earth.”

Marcel said he had taken some of the material home to show his family. His son had kept some of it, but after the cover story was released, Marcel says he had to return all the material he had to the Army. Jesse Marcel Jr. confirmed the strange properties of the material.

Friedman was able to track down other witnesses, civilians and military, who backed Marcel’s story. Friedman began working the case with researcher and author Bill Moore. Moore then published their work in a book titled The Roswell Incident coauthored with Charles Berlitz.

In the 1980s and 1990s, several more books were published, and the Roswell incident grew in popularity. In 1989, an alleged witness came forward to claim alien bodies were also recovered.

The mythology of the Roswell UFO crash had received so much attention that in 1993, congressman Steven Schiff, called for an investigation into the incident. The investigation results were released in 1995 by the U.S. Air Force (USAF) as The Roswell Report: Fact versus Fiction in the New Mexico Desert.

“Concerning the initial announcement, ‘RAAF Captures Flying Disc,’ research failed to locate any documented evidence as to why that statement was made,” wrote USAF investigators.

However, they also discovered it was not a weather balloon, as Ramey stated.

“It appears that there was some type of umbrella cover story to protect our work with MOGUL,” Professor Charles Moore told USAF investigators.

According to the report, while researching the Roswell incident, investigators ran across balloon testing conducted at the same time as the Roswell incident out of Alamogordo Air Field (now Holloman Air Force Base), over 100 miles west of Roswell. New York University (NYU) ran the project, and further investigation revealed the NYU testing was part of a Top Secret program called Project MOGUL.

The investigators were able to track down Moore, who was the NYU project engineer. When shown witness descriptions of the debris, Moore told investigators that he believed they had found one of their Project MOGUL test balloons. In particular, Moore’s team had not recovered a balloon they had launched on July 4, 1947.

Google map showing Roswell in upper right, and Alamogordo and Holloman Air Force Base in lower left.

“When we heard the [Flying Saucer] news back in New York, we joked that they probably found one of our balloons,” recalled Moore.

As for why Ramey had called it a weather balloon, the report states: “the Air Force did not find documented evidence that Gen. Ramey was directed to espouse a weather balloon in his press conference, he may have done so because he was either aware of Project MOGUL and was trying to deflect interest from it, or he really perceived the material to be a weather balloon based on the identification from his weather officer, Irving Newton.”

Components of a Mogul balloon train per Professor Moore.

As to why debris from a Top Secret project would be left out in a field to be discovered by a rancher, the report explains that the materials were not classified, only the use was. The project’s purpose was to float listening devices with balloons to detect nuclear tests by the Russians.

In 1991, DuBose, the third man in the photographs with the debris, sent UFO researchers an affidavit claiming he knew the material in the photos was not what was found in the desert.

“The material shown in the photographs taken in Gen. Ramey’s office was a weather balloon,” wrote DuBose. “The weather balloon explanation for the material was a cover story to divert the attention of the press.”

DuBose claims the real debris was sent to a General McMullen in Washington D.C., who said he intended to forward the material to Air Material Command at Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio.

DuBose claimed, “The entire operation was conducted under the strictest secrecy.”

However, DuBose did not say he knew what the debris material consisted of or knew anything about the recovery of an alien spacecraft.

Although it appears Ramey was covering up the true nature of what the RAAF found in the desert, the description of the materials used for the Project MOGUL balloons was not high tech or out of the ordinary. The balloons were standard weather balloons. Other elements included balsa wood, foil, tape, and string.

Cavitt, the CIC officer who accompanied Marcel to the debris site, claimed what he saw looked like regular weather balloon debris.

The report described the tape on the balloons as “fabricated by toy or novelty companies using purplish-pink tape with flower and heart symbols on it.”

Symbols on I-beam as described by the Marcel. This poster is on display at the Roswell UFO Museum.

Symbols and shapes used on Mogul balloons from USAF Roswell report.

Marcel and his son described having a piece of the debris that looked like a small I-beam with strange symbols. However, they recall that although the beam was as light as balsa wood, it was made of metal. They did remember markings on the I-beam but said they were not hearts and flowers.

The USAF investigation led them to conclude: “The Air Force research did not locate or develop any information that the ‘Roswell Incident’ was a UFO event. All available materials, although they do not address Roswell per se, indicate that the most likely source of the wreckage recovered from the Brazel Ranch was from one of the Project MOGUL balloon trains. Although that project was Top Secret at the time, there was also no specific indication found to indicate an official preplanned cover story was in place to explain an event such as that which ultimately happened.”

They claimed that Marcel and the RAAF base commander overacted when they claimed they had caught a “flying disc.”

As for alien bodies, they said that was not possible because the wreckage was from Project MOGUL balloons, which did not have passengers, and that even UFO researchers could not agree on the details related to the alleged alien bodies.

If the USAF seemed to solve the case in 1995, why is Roswell still a thing? Well, many do not believe Marcel would mistake a weather balloon for a crashed alien spacecraft. Further, they argue that the base commander would not have written a press release based on finding foil, balsa wood, and other materials that were not mysterious.

Proponents to the Roswell UFO crash also point to the numerous witnesses who claim to have been threatened by the military to keep their mouths shut, or who had allegedly helped clean up the debris field. Even Apollo astronaut Edgar Mitchell, who was from Roswell, has said he heard from credible locals that the Roswell UFO crash was real, and he did not believe the USAF conclusion.

Another problem is that although there are numerous alleged witnesses, the USAF investigators only talked to Cavitt. There are references to Marcel’s comments in publications, but USAF investigators did not contact him or other alleged witnesses.

Field where the “real” Roswell debris is said to have been found. (Credit: OpenMinds.tv)

The Roswell incident continues to create heated debate among UFO researchers. Over 70 years later, the mythos of the Roswell UFO crash lives on, despite whatever happened in the lonely desert in 1947.


General Accounting Office

Government Records:
Results of a Search for Records Concerning the 1947 Crash Near Roswell, New Mexico (Letter Report, 07/28/95, GAO/NSIAD-95-187).

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the 1947 weather balloon crash at Roswell Air Field, New Mexico, focusing on: (1) the requirements for reporting air accidents similar to the Roswell crash and (2) any government records concerning the Roswell crash.

GAO found that:

(1) in 1947, Army regulations required that air accident reports be maintained permanently and although none of the military services filed a report on the Roswell incident, there was no requirement in 1947 to prepare a report on the weather balloon crash

(2) although some of the records concerning Roswell activities had been destroyed, there was no information available regarding when or under what authority the records were destroyed

(3) only two government records originating in 1947 have been recovered regarding the Roswell incident

(4) a 1947 Federal Bureau of Investigations record revealed that the military had reported that an object resembling a high-altitude weather balloon with a radar reflector had been recovered near Roswell and

(5) a 1947 Air Force report noted the recovery of a flying disc that was later determined by military officials to be a radar-tracking balloon.

Indexing Terms:

REPORTNUM: NSIAD-95-187

TITLE: Government Records: Results of a Search for Records Concerning the 1947 Crash Near Roswell, New Mexico

DATE: 07/28/95

SUBJECT: Reporting requirements Classified records Records disposition Records retention Air Force bases Aircraft accidents Weather forecasting Radar equipment Information disclosure

IDENTIFIER: Roswell (NM)

This file contains an ASCII representation of the text of a GAO report. Delineations within the text indicating chapter titles, headings, and bullets are preserved. Major divisions and subdivisions of the text, such as Chapters, Sections, and Appendixes, are identified by double and single lines. The numbers on the right end of these lines indicate the position of each of the subsections in the document outline. These numbers do NOT correspond with the page numbers of the printed product. No attempt has been made to display graphic images, although figure captions are reproduced. Tables are included, but may not resemble those in the printed version. A printed copy of this report may be obtained from the GAO Document Distribution Facility by calling (202) 512-6000, by faxing your request to (301) 258-4066, or by writing to P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015. We are unable to accept electronic orders for printed documents at this time.

Report to the Honorable
Steven H. Schiff, House of Representatives

July 1995


Report Claims UFO Tracking Station is Being Built on Florida’s Gulf Coast by the Air Force

Where is the best place in the U.S. to see UFOs? Roswell and Area 51 get a lot of votes, and the U.S. Navy might say off the Pacific coast off of California or the Atlantic coast off of Virginia beach. However, if you ask the U.S. Air Force, it’s the Gulf coast Florida. That’s where an engineer who is also interested in UFOs claims he was told a new facility the USAF is building which will be used to track unidentified aerial phenomena.

“Normally, I wouldn’t look at this particular project with too much zeal especially since MacDill Air Force Base is about 45 miles south at the southern tip of Tampa Bay. MacDill is Central Command for Middle Eastern operations. However, being that I am a life-long UFO enthusiast and given everything occurring recently, my radar went off, no pun intended.”

This story comes from the website 528hz.space and Jeff Blask, the Plans Examiner Supervisor for Pasco County’s Building Department who wrote about the project on his blog, The Jolt. That’s right – what might be the biggest revelation in how serious the federal government is about UFOs is revealed by a lowly local government building inspector called in early April 2021 to check out plans for a few unusual structures on a Gulf coast land parcel. those structures include:

100′ Tall Tower with Radar Dome
2, 50′ collapsible Auxiliary Towers
An elevated Monitoring building with observation deck

Approved plans (Public Record)

What was being built here? Blask says he joked with the project engineer presenting that it looked like a UAP tracking station. To his surprise, the engineer responded:

“You got it! And as a matter of fact, if you are interested in that subject it may also interest you to know that this facility is not being manned and monitored by MacDill Air Force Base… it’s being monitored in its entirety by Eglin.”

Eglin Air Force Base is much farther from the site than nearby MacDill. Nervous that knowing this would end up in him receiving a visit from the Men in Black, the engineer assured Blask that the plans were not classified (Blask provides the public domain drawings on his site), but warned that “this facility will be under heavily armed guards and only people with Top Secret clearance will be allowed in” and – this is the big one – it’s just the first of a series of similar facilities planned for other coastal areas.

“This development is most likely connected to Aviator Ryan Graves’ assertion that there were sensitive air space intrusions practically daily on Florida’s East Coast for two years.”

Approved plans (Public Record)

528hz.space links the UFO tracking facility to the revelations made last month on “60 Minutes” by former Navy Lt. Ryan Graves, who says he saw UFOs off the coast of Virginia in 2019 that are a “security threat” to the U.S. and, despite that, these UFOs continued to buzz the Atlantic coast for two years without a military response – at least none that he knew of.

That’s all there is so far. Is Blask correct in his revelation that the US Air Force is building a UAP tracking station on the Gulf Coast near Tampa? Will any details on this be covered in the upcoming Pentagon report on UAPs? Will anyone ask questions if it isn’t?


Our History

The first non-indigenous or Hispanic settlers of the area around Roswell were a group of pioneers from Missouri, who attempted to start a settlement 15 miles (24 km) southwest of what is now Roswell in 1865 but were forced to abandon the site because of a lack of water. It was called Missouri Plaza. John Chisum had his famous Jingle Bob Ranch about 5 miles (8 km) from the center of Roswell, at South Spring Acres. At the time it was the largest ranch in the United States.

Van C. Smith, a businessman from Omaha, Nebraska, and his partner, Aaron Wilburn, constructed two adobe buildings in 1869 that began what is now Roswell. The two buildings became the settlement's general store, post office, and sleeping quarters for paying guests. In 1871, Smith filed a claim with the federal government for the land around the buildings, and on August 20, 1873, he became the town's first postmaster.

In 1877, Captain Joseph Calloway Lea and his family bought out Smith and Wilburn's claim and became the owners of most of the land of Roswell and the area surrounding it. The town was relatively quiet during the Lincoln County War (1877–1879). A major aquifer was discovered when merchant Nathan Jaffa had a well drilled in his back yard on Richardson Avenue in 1890, resulting in the area's first major growth and development spurt. On February 25, 1889, the New Mexico Legislature decided to carve Chaves and Eddy Counties from Lincoln County. In 1889 Roswell became the seat of Chaves County and a railroad was built through town in 1893.

In the 1930s, the famed record-breaking aviator Charles Lindbergh and financier Harry Guggenheim were looking to find a location for the scientist Dr. Goddard's rocket experiments which led them to Roswell. Goddard remained for 12 years working on the secret experiment and record-breaking rocket launches. without those experiments, the United States would have later not won their race to the moon and begun the human race's early space exploration. After Goddard's passing in 1945, his widow started a series of gifts to the Roswell Museum and Art Center of her husband's rocket technology and in 1969 the Robert H. Goddard wing was dedicated. the Roswell Rotary Club (Goddard was a member) has since figured prominently in the preservation of his legacy, making Roswell the "Cradle of Space Exploration." You can enjoy this exhibit year around at the Roswell Museum and Art Center.

During World War II, a prisoner-of-war camp was located in nearby Orchard Park. The German prisoners of war were used to do major infrastructure work in Roswell, such as paving the banks of the North Spring River. Some POWs used rocks of different sizes to create the outline of an iron cross among the stones covering the north bank. Later, the iron cross was covered with a thin layer of concrete. In the 1980s, a crew cleaning the river bed cleared off the concrete and revealed the outline once more. The small park just south of the cross was then known as Iron Cross Park. On November 11, 1996, the park was renamed POW/MIA Park. The park displays a piece of the Berlin Wall, presented to the city of Roswell by the German Air Force.

In 1967, the Walker Air Force Base was decommissioned and the city had to reinvent itself. Walker Air Force Base became an airplane storage facility and thanks to an amazing gas and oil boom which continues in the 21st century. Roswell is diversifying as center for the arts with an International Artist-in-Residence program, focus on tourism, a flexible university which supports the industrial interested students, health care, as well as the new multi-media and upcoming film industry which has found New Mexico and southeast New Mexico to be friendly and welcoming hosts.

In 2012, Roswell made history and again became the center of science and adventure, when "Fearless Felix Baumgartner" departed from Roswell Airport in a balloon up into the stratosphere, jumping from a world record 39,045 meters (128,100 ft) and returned safely back to Earth. Baumgartner also set the record for the highest manned balloon flight and fastest speed of a free fall at 1,342 kilometer per hour (834) mph) making him the first human to break the sound barrier outside of a vehicle.

Roswell capitalizes on its pleasant climate and as a great place to live, work and retire.


July 8, 1947: Roswell Incident Launches UFO Controversy

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1947: Days after something shiny crashed in the New Mexico desert, the Roswell Army Air Field issues a press release that says the military has recovered the remains of a "flying disc." Although quickly discounted as erroneous, the announcement lays the groundwork for one of the most enduring UFO stories of all time.

The military's initial press release was straightforward in its handling of the discovery of wreckage by rancher W.W. "Mac" Brazel.

"The many rumors regarding the flying disc became a reality yesterday when the intelligence office of the 509th Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force, Roswell Army Air Field, was fortunate enough to gain possession of a disc through the cooperation of one of the local ranchers and the sheriff's office of Chaves County," the press release read.

"The flying object landed on a ranch near Roswell sometime last week. Not having phone facilities, the rancher stored the disc until such time as he was able to contact the sheriff's office, who in turn notified Maj. Jesse A. Marcel of the 509th Bomb Group Intelligence Office. Action was immediately taken and the disc was picked up at the rancher's home. It was inspected at the Roswell Army Air Field and subsequently loaned by Major Marcel to higher headquarters."

NS Roswell Daily Record headlined the story "RAAF Captures Flying Saucer on Ranch in Roswell Region," providing a historical artifact that, in retrospect, seems ready-made for fueling an episode of The X-Files.

But press accounts the following day told a much more mundane story: The military had determined the recovered debris to be the wreckage of a weather balloon and related equipment. No flying saucer – a term that had just been coined by newspapers to describe the first widely publicized UFO sighting – had been found.

Dummies like these, dropped from balloons during tests, spawned stories of alien corpses, the military says.
Photo: U.S. Air Force

While the down-to-earth explanation seemed to settle the issue, the so-called Roswell incident flashed back into the public consciousness three decades later. New interviews with individuals proffering information about the crash, and the 1980 publication of Charles Berlitz's book The Roswell Incident, breathed new life into the story, turning Roswell into a rallying cry for ufologists and true believers.

Rumors of recovered extraterrestrial bodies and a government coverup gained such a foothold in popular culture that the U.S. government took the unusual step of producing two reports in the 1990s that set out to put the matter to rest.

In assembling the massive reports, the Air Force gathered and declassified many documents relating to the Roswell incident. Weighing in at nearly 1,000 pages, The Roswell Report: Fact vs. Fiction in the New Mexico Desert, published in 1994, set out to "tell the Congress, and the American people, everything the Air Force knew about the Roswell claims."

The second government publication, 1997's The Roswell Report: Case Closed (.pdf), came just days shy of the Roswell incident's 50th anniversary. The report said eyewitness accounts tied to the 1947 recovery actually occurred years later, becoming tangled up in time and further strengthening the Roswell incident's hold on the public's imagination.

"Air Force activities which occurred over a period of many years have been consolidated and are now represented to have occurred in two or three days in July 1947," the report said. "ɺliens' observed in the New Mexico desert were actually anthropomorphic test dummies that were carried aloft by U.S. Air Force high-altitude balloons for scientific research."

Despite the military's assertion that the Roswell incident was a side effect of Cold War secrecy and sci-fi fantasies, the story retains a vital spot in UFO lore. The town of Roswell has turned into a tourist destination, hosting the International UFO Museum and Research Center and an annual Roswell UFO Festival.


"See them aliens"

The real Project Blue Book ended decades ago, but public fascination with UFOs still runs high in September 2019, more than 1.5 million people RSVP'd to a sketchy-sounding festival in Rachel, Nevada, called "Storm Area 51" (also called "Alien Stock") with the intent of breaching the perimeter of Area 51 to "see them aliens," Live Science previously reported. (Only a few thousand people actually showed up, and there was no gate-storming and no aliens in sight, according to Vox.)

Footage from U.S. Navy pilots' 2004 encounters with UFOs, recently shared online, further fueled speculation about the government's own experiences with these enigmatic sightings and how many were still being kept under wraps. Indeed, evidence surfaced in 2017 suggesting that the U.S. government had been secretly investigating UFOs since 2007.

Then, on Jan. 13 of this year, a spokesperson from the U.S. Navy's Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) confirmed the existence of at least one video and several top-secret documents regarding the 2004 UFO encounter. The spokesperson further noted that submitting these materials to public scrutiny "would cause exceptionally grave damage to the National Security of the United States."

It would seem that along with a resurgence in public interest in UFOs is a renewed recognition that the government knows more about UFOs than it's letting on, and is withholding important information, O'Leary said. For that reason, the world of "Project Blue Book" and its UFO cover-ups now seems especially relevant, Jablonski added.

"Project Blue Book, in a way, was the origin of fake news," Jablonski said. "It was the government's program to put out stories that say, 'Whatever you think you saw, you didn't see.' This notion of who controls the truth &mdash and the fight over that &mdash is something that probably, above all else, is what resonates today."