19 Juli 2012- Implikasi Serangan Teror, Pertempuran di Damaskus - Sejarah

19 Juli 2012- Implikasi Serangan Teror, Pertempuran di Damaskus - Sejarah

19 Juli 2012- Implikasi Serangan Teror, Pertempuran di Damaskus?

Masih ada laporan yang saling bertentangan tentang identitas orang-orang di balik pengeboman yang ditargetkan kemarin di Bulgaria. Perdana Menteri telah menyatakan, dengan tegas, bahwa Iran berada di balik pengeboman. Sementara Bulgaria telah menyatakan bahwa mereka tahu siapa yang berada di balik tragedi itu, mereka masih belum mengatakannya. Sementara itu, sebuah foto dengan tersangka tersangka telah beredar di media. Jika ID-nya benar, pelakunya adalah seorang Muslim Sunni, lahir di Eropa, yang dikatakan pernah menghabiskan waktu ditahan di Teluk Guantanamo. Semua detail ini akan menjadi jelas dalam beberapa hari ke depan.

Ada beberapa artikel yang mengkhawatirkan di media pada hari terakhir. Yang pertama, di Ha'aretz, mengklaim bahwa pemerintah Israel akan menggunakan pengeboman sebagai alasan untuk melancarkan serangan ke Iran. Yang kedua, New York Times, menyatakan bahwa Israel berencana untuk menyerang fasilitas senjata kimia Suriah untuk memastikan bahwa bahan kimia tersebut tidak jatuh ke tangan para teroris. Kisah pertama benar-benar mengkhawatirkan. Tidak ada keraguan bahwa Netanyahu akan, dan telah mengaitkan serangan teror dengan program nuklir Iran. Dia memperingatkan hari ini agar tidak mengizinkan negara mana pun yang mendukung terorisme untuk memperoleh senjata nuklir. Namun, untuk saat ini, Netanyahu menggunakan tragedi itu untuk mendapatkan dukungan dunia tambahan untuk putaran sanksi baru yang lebih ketat terhadap Iran. Di masa depan... Mengenai cerita kedua, seperti yang sudah saya laporkan, pemerintah Israel telah menjelaskan bahwa mereka akan menyerang Hizbullah jika bergerak untuk memperoleh senjata kimia.

Pertempuran meningkat di Damaskus hari ini, dengan pemberontak tampaknya menguasai berbagai bagian kota. Tampaknya para pemberontak telah menyelundupkan orang dan material ke kota selama beberapa bulan terakhir, dan telah menunggu sinyal bahwa waktu yang tepat untuk mencoba merebut ibu kota. Hasilnya harus jelas dalam beberapa hari ke depan. Mungkin China dan Rusia mengetahui sesuatu yang tidak diketahui oleh seluruh dunia. Sekali lagi, kedua negara memveto resolusi dewan keamanan yang menjatuhkan sanksi kepada pemerintah Suriah. Mereka tampaknya benar-benar mendukung kuda yang salah, dan ketika Assad jatuh, mereka akan menemukan musuh baru di Suriah.

Tadi malam adalah pemakaman rabi terkemuka gerakan Haredi, Rabi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv, yang meninggal pada 102. Elyashiv disebut "Posek Ha Dor" (otoritas halachic tunggal dari generasinya). Dia juga dikenal karena keputusannya yang sangat konservatif/reaksioner. Rabi Elyashiv menolak untuk membiarkan kematian otak, menjadi kriteria untuk tujuan pengambilan organ untuk transplantasi. Ini menciptakan situasi di mana lebih banyak Haredim yang menerima organ daripada yang bisa disumbangkan. Rabi Elyashiv menentang tekanan pada pria yang menolak memberi istri mereka Get (surat cerai halachic). Yang paling penting, Rabi Elyashiv adalah pendukung kuat bahwa konversi harus dibatalkan secara surut, jika mualaf ditemukan tidak mematuhi semua mitzvot. Ada satu keputusan Rabbi Elyashiv yang sangat saya sukai. Rabbi Elyashiv memutuskan bahwa seseorang tidak boleh berdoa di lorong-lorong pesawat, jika hal itu mengganggu sesama penumpang lainnya. Keputusan ini tampaknya tidak dijaga ketat oleh para pengikutnya karena mereka mengikuti sebagian besar keputusannya yang lain.


The Miscreants’ Global Bust-Out (Bab 6): Al Qaeda’s Wash Trades, the Blind Sheikh, dan Program Manipulasi Pasar Algoritma RLevi2

Salah satu dana lindung nilai dan operasi pialang paling kuat di dunia memiliki Al Qaeda sebagai klien? Tentu saja, saya bercanda. Benar? Sebenarnya, tidak &ndash saya&rsquom tidak bercanda.

Salah satu klien Man Financial adalah seorang pencuci uang dan manipulator pasar utama Al Qaeda.

Ini tidak akan lagi tampak mengejutkan setelah Anda memahami bahwa dunia bawah keuangan gelap adalah dunia kecil, dan begitu Anda memahami bahwa dunia bawah menjadi dunia luar, yang berarti bahwa kriminalitas telah menjadi arus utama.

Mafia telah menjadi pemain di pasar keuangan sejak 1980-an, dan kami mulai melihat bagaimana Michael Milken dan teman-temannya (termasuk yang menjalankan Man Financial) mewujudkannya. Sementara di mana ada Mafia, ada jihadis.

Di awal cerita ini, saya mengutip peringatan Kepala Intelijen Nasional A.S. Laksamana Dennis Blair tentang &ldquonexus&rdquo antara kejahatan terorganisir dan terorisme. Jika Anda tidak percaya, dengarkan para ahli yang belum lama ini disewa oleh Departemen Kehakiman A.S. untuk membuat laporan berjudul, &ldquoMenjelajahi Hubungan antara Kejahatan Terorganisir Transnasional & Terorisme Internasional.&rdquo

Dalam laporan ini, para ahli (semua akademisi terkemuka dan mantan pegawai badan keamanan nasional) menyatakan bahwa &ldquoorganisasi kriminal dan teroris akan berintegrasi dan bahkan mungkin membentuk organisasi jenis baru.&rdquo

Para ahli mengatakan, &ldquoMemang, motifnya tampak berbeda: kejahatan terorganisir yang berfokus pada menghasilkan uang dan terorisme yang bertujuan untuk melemahkan otoritas politik.&rdquo Tetapi, menurut para ahli, buktinya jelas bahwa &ldquottujuan kejahatan dan kelompok teror telah bersatu di masa lalu. .&rdquo

Tujuan bersama bukanlah politik dalam arti berakar pada ideologi yang kompleks, tetapi memiliki implikasi politik. &ldquoKelompok teror,&rdquo kata pakar Departemen Kehakiman, &ldquoterkadang mencari dan memperoleh bantuan kejahatan terorganisir berdasarkan anggapan kelayakan penyebab teroris, atau karena tujuan bersama mereka melawan otoritas negara atau sumber oposisi lainnya.&rdquo

Memang, menurut para ahli, Mafia dan jihadis &ldquomemiliki profil yang sama, dan sering kali merupakan individu yang sama.banyak individu yang tergabung dalam kelompok teror dan kejahatan terorganisir, dan melakukan berbagai tugas untuk keduanya.&rdquo

Di antara banyak contoh yang dikutip oleh para ahli adalah Dawood Ibrahim, bos Mafia India. Ingatlah bahwa seorang pejabat CIA berkata, &ldquoJika Anda ingin tahu apa yang Osama bin Laden lakukan, Anda harus memahami apa yang dilakukan Dawood Ibrahim.&rdquo

Daniel Pearl, reporter Wall Street Journal yang dibunuh oleh para jihadis pada tahun 2002, mulai menyelidiki Ibrahim, tetapi dia tidak pernah menulis cerita tentangnya. Setelah Pearl meninggal, The Journal mengumumkan bahwa untuk selanjutnya akan menghentikan pengiriman reporter ke tempat-tempat berbahaya karena hal itu tidak sesuai dengan misi koran untuk melaporkan dunia bisnis.

Rupanya, The Journal telah menyimpulkan bahwa orang-orang berbahaya di tempat-tempat berbahaya tidak melakukan bisnis. Sejak itu, surat kabar telah menyerah untuk menyelidiki banyak hal.

Sementara itu, sebagian besar surat kabar lain tampaknya sama-sama segan untuk mencurahkan sumber daya untuk penyelidikan serius, atau untuk menerbitkan cerita yang mungkin mengejutkan pembacanya. Jadi Anda akan banyak membaca tentang Dawood Ibrahim di media.

Tapi Tuan Ibrahim tidak hanya berbahaya, dia adalah salah satu orang terpenting di dunia. Dia adalah seseorang yang seharusnya muncul di halaman depan setiap surat kabar di negeri ini.

Tuan Ibrahim, kami tahu, biasa menjalankan operasi kriminal globalnya di luar Dubai, dengan persetujuan penuh dari penguasa lokal, Sheikh Mo. Saat berada di Dubai, Tuan Ibrahim berhubungan dekat dengan semua orang mulai dari aktris Bollywood hingga pasar. manipulator (seperti Ali Nazarali, mantan BCCI) yang menghuni jaringan Michael Milken.

Untuk sebagian besar karirnya, Mr Ibrahim tidak lebih dari bos Mafia sekuler, terlibat dalam perdagangan biasa & penyelundupan narkotika, pencucian uang, perdagangan logam mulia, proliferasi bahan senjata nuklir, raket perlindungan, penipuan keuangan, dan prostitusi.

Namun pada awal 1990-an, Ibrahim dan kelompok Mafia-nya, yang disebut &ldquoD-Company&rdquo, mulai menjalin hubungan dengan para jihadis, termasuk Osama bin Laden. Dan berkat hubungan itu, dia segera menjadi perhatian agen mata-mata Pakistan, ISI.

Pada tahun 1993, ISI mengundang beberapa anggota top geng kejahatan Mr. Ibrahim ke Pakistan untuk menerima pelatihan paramiliter. Pada tahun yang sama, Bapak Ibrahim dan antek-anteknya, dengan kerja sama dari para jihadis dan ISI, mengatur serangan paling mematikan dalam sejarah India, secara bersamaan meledakkan bom-bom kuat di tiga belas lokasi di seluruh Bombay (sekarang disebut Mumbai).

Sebanyak 250 orang tewas dalam serangan itu, dan 700 terluka. Jelas, ini bukan pukulan Mob biasa. Itu adalah tindakan terorisme, dikoordinasikan oleh seorang pria yang bukan dengan sebutan "teroris", melainkan seorang Mafioso yang kebetulan memiliki kesamaan dengan mata-mata jahat dan jihadis.

Ibrahim, yang sekarang tinggal di Pakistan di bawah perlindungan ISI, juga dicurigai terlibat dalam bencana yang melanda Mumbai pada 2008, ketika jihadis terkait Al Qaeda (kebanyakan dari mereka secara resmi anggota Laskhar-e-Tayyiba) diluncurkan serangan di lebih dari sepuluh lokasi di sekitar kota, menduduki beberapa hotel dan sinagoga, dan menewaskan sedikitnya 173 orang, termasuk setidaknya lima orang Amerika, satu seorang gadis berusia 13 tahun.

Inilah sebabnya mengapa Dawood Ibrahim menikmati perbedaan sebagai satu-satunya orang yang dicap oleh pemerintah AS sebagai &ldquo Gembong Narkotika Asing&rdquo dan &ldquoTeroris Global yang Ditunjuk Secara Khusus&rdquo.

Tapi dia bukan satu-satunya orang yang pantas mendapatkan sebutan itu. Miliarder Saudi Sheikh Mahfouz (sebelumnya dari BCCI), sampai kematiannya pada tahun 2009, adalah orang lain yang terkait dengan perdagangan narkoba dan Jihad Besar. Dan para pemimpin Al Qaeda sangat terlibat dalam perdagangan heroin, menjalankan obat-obatan mereka melalui Mafia Albania, yang pada dasarnya adalah afiliasi Al Qaeda, bekerja sama erat dengan Mafia Rusia dan La Cosa Nostra.

Ada kaum puritan yang akan bersikeras bahwa Dawood Ibrahim bukan bagian dari Al Qaeda karena dia tidak pernah secara resmi bersumpah setia kepada Osama bin Laden. Ini akan salah memahami sifat Al Qaeda, yang tidak pernah memiliki lebih dari segelintir anggota resmi, meskipun jauh lebih banyak orang telah melakukan penawarannya.

Sebagian besar pembajak yang melakukan serangan 11 September bukanlah anggota resmi Al Qaeda. Bahkan dalang konspirasi 9-11, Khalid Shiekh Mohammed, bukanlah anggota Al Qaeda saat serangan dilakukan.

Untuk bertahan melawan Al Qaeda, kita harus memahami bahwa musuh bukan hanya segelintir anggota yang disumpah, tetapi jaringan besar dan longgar dari orang-orang yang bekerja sama dengan Osama bin Laden, dan akan terus berkolaborasi dengan penerus bin Laden.

Dalam deklarasi resmi perang Osama bin Laden melawan Amerika Serikat, nama &ldquoAl Qaeda&rdquo bahkan tidak digunakan. Sebaliknya, deklarasi tersebut ditandatangani oleh bin Laden dan para pemimpin berbagai kelompok lainnya - Kelompok Jihad, Kelompok Islam Mesir, Jamiat-Ulema, dan Gerakan Jihad Bangladesh.

Bapak Ibrahim D-Company berafiliasi erat dengan Jamiat-e-Ulema, dan sejumlah antek utama Bapak Ibrahim adalah anggota penuh Gerakan Jihad Bangledesh. Jadi tidak mengherankan bahwa D-Company telah membantu melakukan beberapa serangan teroris yang terkait dengan ini dan afiliasi Al Qaeda lainnya.

Selain melakukan serangan teroris, Ibrahim dan D-Company adalah satu-satunya pengedar heroin Al Qaeda yang paling penting. Selain itu, Ibrahim dan D-Company memainkan peran kunci dalam mengelola keuangan Al Qaeda.

Jadi, Dawood Ibrahim dan antek-anteknya, untuk semua maksud dan tujuan, adalah anggota dari jaringan yang tidak berwujud dari orang-orang yang berafiliasi erat yang semuanya berada di halaman yang sama. Adalah benar (dan, memang, penting jika kita ingin memahami musuh yang sebenarnya) untuk menggambarkan semua orang di jaringan ini sebagai &ldquoanggota&rdquo Al Qaeda, terlepas dari apakah mereka secara terbuka menyatakan diri mereka seperti itu.

Pada tahun 2008, salah satu antek utama Dawood Ibrahim adalah Naresh Patel, yang memimpin jaringan perbankan bawah tanah Al Qaeda dengan tentakel di Uni Emirat Arab, India, Pakistan, Cina, Nigeria, Italia, Afghanistan, Afrika Selatan, Kongo, Nepal, Kepulauan Cook, Inggris Raya, dan Amerika Serikat.

Fungsi utama jaringan ini adalah untuk mengelola keuntungan obat-obatan Al Qaeda dan ratusan juta dolar yang diperoleh Al Qaeda dan anak perusahaannya, Mafia Albania, dari penjualan tidak hanya heroin, tetapi juga kokain.

Menurut Departemen Kehakiman AS, sebagian besar uang itu ditransfer melalui bank di Dubai, dan seterusnya ke setidaknya lima belas rekening yang dimiliki Patel di Man Financial, perusahaan yang (seperti yang telah kita lihat) terkait dengan Michael Milken, Bernie Madoff , Tuco Trading, dan BKS di Moskow.

Patel memperdagangkan volume besar melalui akun Man Financial ini pada tahun 2008, tetapi DOJ tidak menangkapnya sampai tahun 2009, di mana ia dituduh bertransaksi, melalui Man Financial, volume besar & ldquowash trades & rdquo & ndash secara bersamaan menjual dan membeli komoditas. Dia melakukan hal yang sama dengan sekuritas.

DOJ menggambarkan kegiatan ini sebagai &ldquomoney laundering&rdquo karena pencucian uang adalah bagian darinya, dan pencucian uang adalah konsep yang cukup dipahami oleh pejabat kontraterorisme. Manipulasi pasar, sebaliknya, mungkin kurang dipahami dengan baik.

Dan apa yang DOJ mungkin tidak tahu (atau memilih untuk mengabaikannya) adalah bahwa orang-orang yang menyebarkan &ldquowash trades&rdquo tidak hanya mencuci uang &ndash mereka memanipulasi pasar. Ini karena &ldquowash trades&rdquo (secara bersamaan membeli dan menjual sekuritas yang sama) meningkatkan volume secara artifisial, menyebabkan harga turun.

Dengan kata lain, perdagangan cucian menciptakan statis dan menghilangkan sinyal pasar asli. Paling sering, karena informasi di pasar dilemahkan, perdagangan cucian dikerahkan bersamaan dengan penjualan pendek telanjang untuk menciptakan tampilan penjualan panik. Ini menginduksi aksi jual yang dipertaruhkan oleh pedagang.

Perdagangan pencucian Naresh Patel saja telah menyebabkan kerusakan serius pada pasar. Tapi itu akan menjadi ide yang baik untuk SEC untuk memeriksa catatan perdagangan Naresh Patel dan Man Financial (belum lagi orang-orang dari broker Madoff dan lain-lain yang bertransaksi perdagangan untuk Man Financial) untuk melihat apakah perdagangan cuci Patel, seperti kebanyakan perdagangan cuci, bagian skema manipulasi pasar sisi pendek yang lebih besar.

Ini juga akan membantu untuk mengetahui dengan tepat eksekutif Man Financial mana yang bertanggung jawab untuk melakukan transaksi perdagangan manipulatif jihadis. Tampaknya, misalnya, wakil presiden kontrol perdagangan Man Financial, Neda Nabavi, akan mengawasi perdagangan. Ini mungkin relevan atau tidak, tetapi saya tetap akan menunjukkan bahwa Nabavi juga direktur eksekutif klub sosial Iran bernama Shabeh Jomeh.

Shabeh Jomeh tampaknya merupakan organisasi yang cukup polos &mdash mengorganisir pesta dan pertemuan sosial lainnya. Tapi ini adalah panduan instruktif untuk jaringan bisnis Iran. Salah satu pendiri Shabeh Jomeh, bersama dengan Man Financial&rsquos Nabavi, adalah Babak Talebi, yang juga merupakan anggota dewan Dewan Nasional Iran Amerika (NIAC).

NIAC didirikan setelah serangan 9-11, seolah-olah berfungsi sebagai suara bagi &ldquomoderat&rdquo Iran-Amerika yang keberatan dengan terorisme. Dalam waktu yang sangat singkat, organisasi memperoleh akses ke pejabat tingkat tinggi di Departemen Luar Negeri dan Badan Intelijen Pusat.

Tapi, ternyata, misi utama Dewan Nasional Iran Amerika bukanlah untuk menjadi suara melawan terorisme. Bahkan, ia mengatakan sedikit sekali tentang terorisme. Sebaliknya, ia mencurahkan sebagian besar energinya untuk melakukan advokasi atas nama pemerintah Iran.

Pada tahun 2007, seorang jurnalis Iran-Amerika bernama Hassan Daioleslam mulai secara terbuka menyatakan bahwa NIAC harus secara resmi terdaftar sebagai agen yang bekerja untuk rezim Iran. Direktur BKNI, Trita Parsi, menanggapinya dengan menggugat Daioleslam atas pencemaran nama baik.

Ini ternyata sebuah kesalahan, karena memungkinkan Daioleslam untuk meminta "penemuan" dokumen internal NIAC, yang membuktikan bahwa NIAC, sejak awal, telah melakukan kontak rutin dengan duta besar Iran untuk PBB, yang (recall) juga mengarahkan operasi Jihad Islam Palestina, Assa Corporation, dan Alavi Foundation.

Dari pertempuran pengadilan terungkap bahwa NIAC mengoordinasikan lobi dan advokasinya dengan seorang pria bernama Siamak Namaz. Beberapa tahun sebelumnya, Namaz telah mendirikan sebuah organisasi di Eropa yang disebut Irans for International Cooperation, yang misinya adalah untuk &ldquomenjaga kepentingan Iran&rdquo. NIAC, tampaknya, didirikan untuk memenuhi misi yang sama di Amerika Serikat.

Mengenai kredibilitas klaim NIAC&rsquos bahwa mereka mengadvokasi atas nama &ldquoIran-Amerika&rdquo, sebagai lawan dari rezim Iran, telah dicatat bahwa kelompok tersebut memiliki sangat sedikit orang Iran-Amerika sebagai anggota, sementara para pemimpinnya, Namaz dan Parsi, adalah orang Iran. warga negara yang, bagaimanapun, setia kepada penguasa Republik Islam, dan tidak memiliki niat untuk menjadi warga negara Amerika.

Terlebih lagi, ketika Namaz melobi atas nama rezim Iran, ia juga bekerja sebagai direktur pelaksana sebuah perusahaan bernama Atieh Bahar, yang merupakan cabang konsultan internasional dari Atieh Group, sebuah perusahaan induk yang memiliki kontrak dengan kementerian pemerintah Iran dan bank-bank Iran yang membiayai program nuklir rezim Islam.

Tak lama setelah informasi ini menjadi publik, kepala Grup Atieh, Bijan Khajehpour, ditangkap di Iran dan diduga dipenjara oleh rezim. Sementara itu, Namaz dan Parsi tiba-tiba mengaku mendukung gerakan demokrasi di Iran. Mengingat perkembangan ini, saya merasa yakin untuk mengajukan hipotesis &ndash yaitu bahwa pemerintah Iran menginstruksikan agennya untuk berbicara mendukung demokrasi untuk menutupi kegiatan mereka atas nama rezim.

Sangat mungkin bahwa Republik Islam bahkan memenjarakan agen-agen terbaiknya untuk memberi mereka lapisan pro-demokrasi yang akan memungkinkan mereka untuk beroperasi lebih efektif di Barat. Tentu saja, tampaknya tidak mungkin Namaz dan Parsi adalah demokrat sejati mengingat dokumen internal NIAC menunjukkan bahwa organisasi tersebut bercita-cita untuk memadamkan apa yang disebut &ldquoDemocracy Fund&rdquo dan gerakan pro-demokrasi lainnya yang dipimpin oleh orang Iran yang tinggal di AS.

Dalam sebuah dokumen berjudul &ldquoCampaign for a New American Policy on Iran,&rdquo NIAC berjanji untuk &ldquomengakhiri Dana Demokrasi seperti yang kita kenal&rdquo. Sejalan dengan itu, dokumen NIAC mencantumkan beberapa tujuan penting. Di bagian atas daftar adalah tujuan untuk meyakinkan orang-orang Iran liberal dan pendukung mereka untuk &ldquomeninggalkan upaya perubahan rezim.&rdquo

Adapun Tuan Khajehpour, mungkin dia benar-benar merupakan ancaman bagi rezim di Iran. Mungkin dia benar-benar masuk penjara. Tapi dia tidak tinggal lama di penjara, dan dia sekarang berada di London, dari mana dia mengoperasikan kerajaan bisnis yang memiliki banyak jangkauan ke Amerika Serikat.

Saya tidak bermaksud menyarankan agar orang Amerika memandang NIAC sebagai sesuatu yang misterius atau menakutkan. Sebaliknya, Amerika harus melibatkan NIAC, seperti halnya pemerintah AS harus melibatkan rezim Iran.

Trita Parsi, pendiri NIAC&rsquos, telah menulis sebuah buku bagus yang harus dibaca oleh siapa saja yang ingin memahami garis partai Iran. Mungkin, suatu hari, Parsi dapat meyakinkan rekan-rekannya di Iran bahwa hanya sedikit yang bisa diperoleh dengan mengancam untuk memusnahkan Israel dan mengobarkan &ldquojihad ekonomi&rdquo (dengan &ldquojihad&rdquo dipahami sebagai &ldquoperang melawan kafir&rdquo).

Namun, selama Iran menunjukkan dengan tindakannya bahwa ia adalah musuh Amerika Serikat, mungkin yang terbaik adalah memperlakukan agennya dengan kecurigaan. Buku lain yang layak dibaca adalah &ldquoShariah: The Threat to America,&rdquo oleh mantan direktur CIA James Woolsey, yang melibatkan Iran dalam segala hal mulai dari serangan 11 September hingga pengembangan keuangan &ldquocompliant&rdquo syariah yang menimbulkan ancaman bagi sistem keuangan global.

Seperti kita ketahui, Alavi Foundation, front lain bagi rezim Iran yang berurusan dengan duta besar Iran untuk PBB, didakwa pada tahun 2009 karena spionase dan mendanai program senjata nuklir Iran. Sebuah laporan di New York Daily News bahkan menyatakan bahwa Alavi Foundation berkonspirasi untuk mengimpor bahan nuklir ke Amerika Serikat untuk digunakan dalam serangan teroris di kota besar Amerika.

Adapun Shabeh Jomeh, klub sosial Iran yang didirikan bersama oleh wakil presiden kontrol perdagangan Man Financial, mungkin tidak lebih dari kesempatan bagi orang Iran untuk saling mengenal. Tetapi mungkin juga perlu diperhatikan bahwa selain terikat dengan NIAC, salah satu pendiri Shabeh Jomeh&rsquos lainnya adalah Tamilla Ghodsi, direktur pelaksana Goldman Sachs.

Ghodsi duduk di dewan Yayasan Kesehatan Razi, sebuah organisasi yang mentransfer sejumlah besar uang ke Yayasan Alavi yang disebutkan di atas. Sementara itu, Yayasan Alavi mengirimkan uang kembali ke Yayasan Kesehatan Razi, meningkatkan kemungkinan bahwa organisasi-organisasi ini pada dasarnya adalah satu dan sama.

Tetapi SEC belum menyelidiki Man Financial sama sekali. Bahkan, hampir tidak pernah menuntut kasus manipulasi pasar yang besar, apalagi memeriksa catatan perdagangan manajer keuangan kunci Al Qaeda yang memanipulasi pasar melalui perantara yang juga berbisnis dengan Mafia.

Jadi tidak ada yang menuntut Man Financial, meskipun faktanya jelas terlibat dalam perdagangan ilegal pria Al Qaeda Naresh Patel, dan terlepas dari fakta bahwa kroni Milken yang menjalankan operasi itu pasti tahu persis siapa Naresh Patel. Memang, adalah hukum &ndash sebagaimana ditentukan oleh Patriot Act &mdash bahwa pialang dan manajer dana lindung nilai harus tahu apakah pelanggan mereka adalah Mafiosi, jihadis, atau keduanya.

Ini terutama benar ketika pelanggan tampaknya melakukan perdagangan pendek manipulatif dalam jumlah besar pada puncak krisis keuangan.

Adapun broker Madoff & ndash baik, terlambat untuk menyelidiki operasi itu. Itu dijual ke jaringan Milken, tepat pada saat penangkapan Daniel Bonventre 2010, orang yang bertanggung jawab untuk mentransfer $750 juta uang Ponzi ke operasi &ldquoclearing and settlement&rdquo Madoff (yaitu operasi yang akan mentransaksikan perdagangan manipulatif apa pun yang datang ke sana dari Man Financial dan lainnya di jaringan Milken).

Pialang Madoff dengan cepat dijual dalam lelang yang mungkin telah dicurangi. Tiga pialang menghadiri pelelangan, hanya satu yang mengajukan penawaran. Salah satu pialang yang hadir adalah Guzman & Co, yang dimiliki oleh Leopoldo Guzman, yang baru-baru ini menjabat sebagai kepala investasi di Gulf Investments Company, perusahaan milik Saudi di Kuwait.

Pialang pengamat lainnya adalah Aleo Capital Markets. Saya belum bisa mengetahui banyak tentang pakaian itu kecuali yang dijalankan oleh David Weisberger, mantan CEO Lava Trading.

Lava Trading adalah bagian dari grup yang lebih besar bernama SunGard, yang dipisahkan dari Sun Oil Company. Sungard telah menjadi yang terdepan dalam menyediakan platform perdagangan untuk lembaga keuangan yang sesuai dengan syariah di Timur Tengah.

Pada tahun 2008, Sungard mensponsori &ldquoGala Networking Reception&rdquo di mana dinyatakan bahwa &ldquokeuangan Islam dapat menjadi model bagi ekonomi global.&rdquo Pembicara utama pada acara ini adalah CEO Dar Al-Maal Al-Islami, atau &ldquoHouse of Islamic Money&rdquo

Para korban serangan 11 September telah menggugat The House of Islamic Money, mencatat bahwa mereka menyimpan rekening Wael Jalaidan, seorang pendiri Al Qaeda, dan bahwa mereka telah melakukan bisnis dengan perusahaan-perusahaan yang dimiliki oleh Osama bin Laden.

Anggota dewan House of Islamic Money&rsquos termasuk Haydar bin Laden, saudara Osama, dan &ldquoTeroris Global yang Ditunjuk Khusus&rdquo Yasin al Qadi (pemodal favorit Osama). Salah satu anak perusahaannya, Shamal Islamic Bank, dijalankan oleh Abdul Jalil Batterjee, yang merupakan ketua kelompok yang mengendalikan Benevolence International, front Al Qaeda yang memiliki kontak dengan orang-orang yang mencoba mendapatkan senjata nuklir untuk Jihad Besar.

SunGard memasok platform perdagangan ke beberapa pialang yang telah didenda karena menyebarkan platform perdagangan tersebut dalam skema penjualan pendek telanjang. SunGard juga ditemukan &ldquosistematis&rdquo melaporkan penjualan pendek karena penjualan panjang di musim panas 2007 &ndash merupakan kebiasaan yang bermanfaat bagi perdagangan manipulatif.

SunGard, sementara itu, memiliki broker bernama Assent. Banyak dari pedagang Assent, pada tahun 2008, juga berdagang melalui Zuhair Karam's Tuco Trading, yang mencakup sebagian dari volume besar pialang tersebut. Di Tuco, ingat, ada beberapa akun menarik.

Salah satunya adalah akun Orange Diviner, yang dikendalikan oleh antek tertinggi Roman Abramovich (tangan kanan perdana menteri Rusia) dan gembong Mafia Rusia, Semion Mogilevich. Juga terlibat dengan Orange Diviner adalah orang-orang yang berafiliasi dengan Alfa Group, organisasi yang mendanai program nuklir Iran.

Yang juga menarik adalah dua akun Tuco yang memperdagangkan 2 miliar saham (sama dengan 20 persen volume di pialang terbesar di planet ini). Salah satu dari dua akun tersebut berisi lebih dari 2.000 sub-akun anonim yang berbasis di China.

Dan pada musim gugur 2010, saya telah menerima petunjuk bahwa rekening yang bertanggung jawab atas 2 miliar saham itu telah dibuat oleh seorang rekan Iran yang memiliki hubungan tingkat tinggi dengan Pengawal Revolusi dan Jihad Islam Palestina (yang pemimpinnya di AS mengambil alih petunjuk dari duta besar Iran ke PBB). Namun, Tuco's Zuhair Karam belum mengkonfirmasi identitas orang Iran itu.

Tapi saya tahu sekarang bahwa beberapa pedagang di Assent (perusahaan Sungard yang pedagangnya juga beroperasi melalui Tuco) terlibat dengan pialang bernama Carlin Equities. Satu orang yang terlibat dengan Carlin adalah Arik Kislin, yang oleh pemerintah AS disebut sebagai &ldquoanggota&rdquo dari geng yang dijalankan oleh Vyacheslav Ivankov, atau &ldquoJepang Kecil&rdquo &ndash bos utama Mafia Rusia di Amerika Serikat selama tahun 1980-an.

Pada tahun 2009, Ivankov dibunuh di jalan Moskow setelah mengakui bahwa dia telah lama dipekerjakan oleh dinas intelijen Rusia. Sementara itu, Kislin dan seorang tokoh Mafia Rusia bernama Michael Chernoy adalah mitra dalam pakaian pencucian uang yang disebut Komoditas Trans, yang telah dikaitkan dengan pemerintah Rusia.

Selain itu, Kislin disebut oleh FBI sebagai rekanan dari pedagang senjata Iran bernama Babek Seroush, yang beroperasi di luar Moskow dan bekerja dengan GRU, badan intelijen militer Rusia. Pada tahun 1984, jaksa untuk Distrik Selatan New York mendakwa Seroush karena menyelundupkan semikonduktor dan kacamata penglihatan malam edisi militer ke Korea Utara. Kislin telah mengakui bahwa dia telah melakukan bisnis dengan Seroush.

Persetujuan, pakaian yang terkait dengan pedagang Kislin diikat dengan cara lain ke Perdagangan Tuco Zuhair Karam. Misalnya, pialang bernama Lightspeed (yang memiliki kemitraan dengan Tuco dan menyediakan Tuco dengan salah satu platform perdagangannya) merujuk beberapa perdagangannya ke Assent, yang pada gilirannya merujuk perdagangan ke pialang California bernama Wedbush Morgan dan ke perusahaan Texas bernama Keuangan Penson.

Wedbush, sementara itu, merujuk sebagian besar perdagangannya ke pialang Bernie Madoff. Dengan kata lain, perdagangan diturunkan melalui garis panjang pialang dan, dalam banyak kasus, akhirnya dieksekusi oleh Madoff.

Jadi untuk meringkas: penawaran untuk broker Madoff dihadiri oleh tiga broker lainnya. Salah satu pialang itu dimiliki oleh seorang rekan yang baru-baru ini bekerja untuk sebuah perusahaan Saudi di Kuwait.

Pialang kedua dimiliki oleh mantan CEO broker yang merupakan anak perusahaan SunGard, yang memiliki hubungan dengan House of Islamic Money dan juga memiliki Assent, yang memiliki hubungan dengan Lightspeed, Tuco, dan Carlin Equities, perusahaan yang terkait dengan Rusia Tokoh mafia Arik Kislin.

Tetapi pialang tersebut kemungkinan besar menghadiri penawaran hanya untuk memastikan bahwa pialang Madoff sebenarnya akan dijual kepada pialang ketiga yang hadir. Pialang itu bernama Surge Trading, dan pada akhirnya, Surge memang membeli operasi Madoff.

Surge Trading dijalankan oleh Frank Petrilli, mantan wakil presiden pialang bernama Datek Securities. Pada tahun 1999, SEC menuduh Datek menjalankan akun perdagangan untuk seorang pria bernama Martin Clainey, kecuali bahwa Clainey bukanlah nama aslinya. Nama aslinya adalah Phillip Gurian, dan dia adalah tangan kanan dari capo keluarga Mafia Decalvacante bernama Phil Abramo, yang merupakan salah satu manipulator pasar paling terkenal di Amerika, yang dikenal di kalangan Mafia sebagai &ldquoRaja Wall Street.&rdquo

Sumber yang dekat dengan Abramo mengatakan dia termasuk di antara karakter Mafia yang terlibat dengan pakaian BCCI Ali Nazarali, First Commerce Securities.

Perusahaan kliring Datek&rsquos, sementara itu, adalah AR Baron, kelompok Mafia yang (recall) dibiayai oleh kroni Milken Zev Wolfson dan kemudian didakwa oleh DOJ dengan memanipulasi saham di liga dengan sejumlah karakter La Cosa Nostra dan bos Mafia Rusia Felix Sater&rsquos White Mitra Batu.

Datek juga melakukan banyak bisnis dengan Joseph Gutnick, yang merupakan tokoh penting dalam gerakan Lubavitch Hasidic ultra-ortodoks di Israel. Tuan Gutnick sudah lama dikenal di Israel sebagai Goldener Rebbe, atau Rabi Emas, karena dia menjalankan beberapa badan amal yang sangat dermawan yang memainkan peran kunci dalam mengamankan pemilihan perdana menteri Israel secara berurutan.

Pemimpin Lubavitchers yang bersyukur, mendiang Rabi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, pernah meramalkan bahwa Gutnick akan menemukan berlian dan emas di gurun Australia &ndash sebuah prediksi yang Mr. Gutnick sertakan dalam video promosi yang dia tunjukkan kepada broker Datek-nya, yang merujuk padanya sebagai &ldquoDiamond Joe.&rdquo

Pada tahun 1993, Gutnick adalah penentang Israel yang paling gigih terhadap Kesepakatan Perdamaian Oslo, dan badan amalnya kemudian mengatur banyak bangunan Israel di wilayah pendudukan Palestina, membantu memprovokasi radikalisme Palestina dan kebangkitan Hamas dan Jihad Islam Palestina.

Pada tahun 1999, Gutnick diekspos oleh majalah Barron&rsquos karena menggunakan badan amalnya untuk mencuci uang dan memanipulasi saham untuk karakter seperti Judah Wernick, kroni Milken yang didakwa atas perannya dalam skema manipulasi saham senilai $200 juta yang dia jalankan dengan kroni Milken Randolph Pace , yang (ingat) kemudian akan terlibat dalam skandal yang melihat Mafia Rusia dan pemerintah Rusia mencuci uang melalui Bank of New York.

Datek Securities didirikan pada tahun 1980-an oleh seorang pria bernama Omar Amanat. Mr. Amanat was also the founder of Lightspeed, which provided a trading platform to Tuco Trading. Those 2 billion shares (equal to 20 percent of the volume of the largest brokerage on the planet) were mostly transacted on the Lightspeed platform.

In the fall of 2010, I had not yet received confirmation that a certain Iranian fellow was behind the two accounts that traded the 2 billion shares. But I knew that Mr. Amanat (founder of Datek, whose former vice president bought Madoff&rsquos brokerage and designer of Tuco&rsquos Lightspeed trading platform) was also the founder of Bridges TV, an American television network devoted to broadcasting Islamic teachings and other programming that is ostensibly of interest to Muslims.

Omar Amanat&rsquos brother, Irfan Amanat, who co-founded Datek, now lives in Dubai, where he is partner in MNA Partners, which is run by Kamal Tayara, the founder off the Alarabiya News Channel, which does a good job of cataloging the atrocities committed by American troops in Iraq, stressing that Al Qaeda&rsquos crimes pale in comparison.

There is, of course, nothing wrong with Islamic television. It&rsquos better than &ldquoDukes of Hazard&rdquo reruns. I include Bridges in this story only because people choose their business partners and the company they keep, and it is probably no coincidence that Omar Amanat (founder of Datek and Lightspeed) chose as his partners in Bridges TV two men &ndash Muzzammil Hassan and Nihad Awad.

Mr. Hasan served as Bridges CEO until he chopped off his wife&rsquos head.

He chopped off his wife&rsquos head because he was a radical jihadi and he believed that it was a matter of honor to chop off the head of a disobedient wife. This would have been legal in Taliban-ruled Afghanistan, but it&rsquos against the law in California, so Mr. Hassan is now in prison.

Meanwhile, Mr. Awad, the other partner in Bridges, is a jihadi who is a member of both Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood. He is a close associate of Palestinian Islamic Jihad leader Sami-al-Arian and the Blind Sheikh, mastermind of the 1993 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center.

Mr. Amanat knew this when he chose Mr. Awad as his partner because Mr. Awad had been the chief propagandist for a Hamas-linked outfit called the Islamic Asssociation of Palestine, and he was under investigation (and soon to be named as an unindicted co-conspirator) in the government&rsquos case against the Holy Land Foundation, which was the principal front for Hamas in the United States.

Court documents from that case noted also that Mr. Awad had attended a secret meeting for 20 Hamas leaders that was held in 1993 at a Marriot Hotel in Philadelphia. The FBI secretly monitored and recorded this meeting, so we know who was there, and what was said.

There is one thing the people at this meeting did not say &ndash the word, &ldquoHamas.&rdquo Instead, they said, &ldquoSamah,&rdquo which is Hamas spelled backwards, an attempt to use coded language to disguise the purpose of this meeting, which was to advance the Hamas political agenda and figure out ways to derail the Oslo Peace Accords.

Perhaps they even had assistance in this effort from Diamond Joe a.k.a. the Golden Rabbi. Spend some time in any war zone and you will see that avowed enemies often collaborate to fuel the conflict from which both sides profit. It is, in fact, widely accepted that right wing factions of the Israeli government were at this time nurturing Hamas as an alternative to the Palestinian Liberation Organization.

The Hamas leaders at the secret meeting also discussed ways to advance the Grand Jihad to &ldquosabotage the West&rsquos miserable house from within.&rdquo The document that described that Grand Jihad was presented by prosecutors in the Holy Land Foundation case.

One of the attendees at the secret meeting, Abu Baker, noted that the jihad against the United States would have to be conducted by stealth. &ldquoWar is deception,&rdquo he said. &ldquoDeceive, camouflage&hellipDeceive your enemy.&rdquo

Nihad Awad (future partner of Datek Securities founder Omar Amanat) was at the secret meeting in his capacity as the deputy director of the Islamic Association of Palestine, which was the propaganda arm of Hamas in the United States, principally tasked with that &ldquodeception&rdquo and &ldquocamouflage.&rdquo

Also at the meeting was Awad&rsquos boss, Islamic Asssociation of Palestine President Omar Ahmad. The FBI recorded these two men plotting ways to keep the Blind Sheikh out of prison, despite the fact that he had been implicated in the 1993 World Trade Center attack.

Which is not surprising because the Blind Sheikh (Osama bin Laden&rsquos most important spiritual inspiration) had been living in Ahmad&rsquos house (free room and board) while he was plotting other terrorist atrocities. This is the same Blind Sheikh who first called on jihadis to destroy American corporations and the American economy.

I do not mean to suggest that Mr. Amanat, the Datek and Lightspeed founder, is a terrorist. But he definitely knows some terrorists, and seems to be on exceedingly good terms with them.

It is therefore of some concern that aside from founding Datek and Lightspeed, Mr. Amanat was the founder of Island, the largest Electronic Communications Network (ECN) in America. And he has been a founder or key consultant to nearly every other major ECN.

Since ECNs act like their own private stock exchanges and enable stock manipulators to operate in anonymity, they are cited by experts in threat finance as among the bigger loopholes that could be exploited by financial terrorists.

As it were, Irfan Amanat used one of his Electronic Communications Networks to engage in a massive market manipulation scheme &ndash precisely the sort of scheme that worries experts in threat finance. This scheme was carried out in September 2001, in the days before and after the Al Qaeda attacks on the World Trade Center. While the timing may have been a coincidence, there is no question that Mr. Amanat&rsquos attacks did serious damage to the markets.

The scheme involved MarketXT, a trading firm and Electronic Communications Network founded by Irfan Amanat and his brother Omar. According to the SEC, in September 2001, Irfan Amanat and MarketXT deployed &ldquoa [computer] program without any arbitrage features&hellipThe program, dubbed &lsquoRLevi2&rsquo, automatically placed buy or sell orders at timed intervals&hellipIn other words, wash trades and matched orders were the result of the program&rsquos design.&rdquo

Strangely, the SEC wrote that Irfan&rsquos wash trades were &ldquomarket manipulation&rdquo but it did not charge him with that crime. In response to the SEC&rsquos claim that this was a &ldquomarket manipulation&rdquo scheme, Mr. Amanat said that his RLevi2 computer program was not meant to manipulate the markets massively (as it appeared), but was instead designed &ldquosolely to generate tape rebates&rdquo (i.e. rebates that stock exchanges pay to traders who generate massive volumes).

The SEC clearly did not accept this explanation. That&rsquos why it stated unequivocally in its charges against Amanat that he had &ldquomanipulated the markets.&rdquo But the SEC seems incapable of ever actually charging anyone for market manipulation, and so the commission charged Amanat of only the lesser crime of using wash trades to generate tape rebates.

Mr. Amanat&rsquos scheme (like that of Al Qaeda man Naresh Patel) was, in fact, blatant market manipulation &ndash a scheme that created the illusion of massive volume, and did servere damage to stock prices by specifically targeting Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs). As I noted at the outset of this story, threat finance experts worry about ETFs because their high leverage amplifies the impact they have on the markets.

The biggest player in the world of ETFs is Michael Sapir. He invented them. He is also, I believe, a relative of Russian Mafia boss Tamir Sapir, who runs an outfit called The Sapir Organization. Tamir Sapir is also a partner in Bayrock, the alleged money laundering outfit run by Russian Mafia boss Felix Sater (the guy said to have sold weapons to Al Qaeda).

By his own admission, Sapir used to be primarily in the business of selling electronics equipment to KGB operatives in New York. His partner in the electronics business was Semion Kislin, uncle of the above-mentioned Arik Kislin. Like his nephew, Semion has beenassassinated on a Moscow street in 2009, shortly after revealing that he had long been employed by the Russian intelligence services.

Note: I do not have a birth certificate or DNA test confirming the relationship between the two Sapirs, so there is chance that I am mistaken about this, but I am going to go out on a limb and report it anyway because some of Michael Milken&rsquos associates have told me that the two men are related. Michael Sapir&rsquos spokesman refused to comment on the record.

Tamir Sapir&rsquos spokesman said &ldquoThe Sapir Organization is very private, we don&rsquot provide that sort of information.&rdquo Then &mdash &ldquoclick&rdquo &ndash he hung up the phone.

The other innovator of ETFs, and the second biggest provider of them after Mr. Sapir, is Michael Steinhardt&rsquos Wisdom Tree Investors. Steinhardt, we know, is the son of the &ldquobiggest Mafia fence in America&rdquo (as the Manhattan DA put it) and as Steinhardt himself has disclosed, he started his hedge fund with money from the Genovese Mafia, and two fellows who were on close terms with the regime in Iran &mdash Marc Rich and Ivan Boesky.

Steinhardt&rsquos partner in Wisdom Tree is the son of Saul Steinberg, who in addition to being a key player in the junk bond merry go round that Milken ran in the 1980s, also ran a fund with finance from Zev Wolfson, the guy who funded the above-mentioned A.R. Baron (Datek&rsquos clearing firm) and numerous other Mafia brokerages.

So, another summary: in September 2001, Mr. Amanat was busted for using his ECN and his &ldquoRLevi2&rdquo computer program to generate massive volumes of wash trades (the same sorts of wash trades conducted in 2008 through Man Financial by Al Qaeda man Naresh Patel). Mr. Amanat was doing this, the SEC said, to &ldquomanipulate the markets.&rdquo

Yet, at the same time, the SEC accepts the explanation that he was not trying to manipulate the markets. He was trying to generate rebates from the exchanges. Which makes no sense, because he wasn&rsquot just churning stocks, he was specifically targeting Michael Steinhardt and Michael Sapir&rsquos highly leveraged ETFs, trying to inflict as much damage as possible.

Is Mr. Amanat a financial terrorist? I know he&rsquos part of the Milken network, and that&rsquos all I need to know to report that he is a threat to the national security of our &ldquomiserable house.&rdquo Decide for yourself.

However, it is probably a good idea to keep a particularly close eye on people who have not only inflicted massive damage on the markets coinciding with the collapse of the World Trade Center, but have also chosen to do business with a Hamas operative (Nihad Awad) who plotted to help the Blind Sheikh, mastermind of the first attack on the World Trade Center, stay out of prison. This after the Blind Sheikh had been living in the house of Awad&rsquos boss.

Of course, when Mr. Amanat&rsquos Datek came under investigation for its ties to Mafia characters like Martin Clainey a.k.a. Phillip Gurian, it was quickly purchased by one of Milken&rsquos closest associates, a guy named Steven Schonfeld, who was formerly a principal at the Milken-financed Blinder, Robinson (the outfit known as Blind&rsquoem and Rob&rsquoem, indicted by the DOJ for manipulating stocks with the likes of Mafia capo Thomas Quinn).

Schonfeld bought all of the assets of Datek (including the executives who had handled the accounts of the Mafia) and folded them into a new outfit called Heartland.

Schonfeld is now the owner of one of the nation&rsquos largest hedge fund and brokerage empires. He also has a securities rap sheet a mile long, having been fined by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority for everything from naked short selling to bribing stock loan executives at major brokerages.

Once paid off by Schonfeld, the stock loan guys would routinely vouch that there was stock available to be borrowed (the necessary prerequisite for a legal short sale), when in fact there was no such stock. It is fair to say that a hedge fund manager implicated in a scandal such as this is managing a large scale market-demolition operation. Indeed, it is fair to say that Schonfeld belongs in jail.

Since Schonfeld is one of Michael Milken&rsquos closest associates, it is unsurprising that SEC filings show that he regularly trades in league with others in the network, including Steve Cohen of SAC Capital and the Man Group, owners of Man Financial (which, like Lightspeed, provided a trading platform to Tuco).

It is also worth noting that in 2008, Schonfeld was a co-owner of Lightspeed, the Omar Amanat outfit that provided Tuco Trading with one of its trading platforms, and transacted those 2 billion shares. And there are many reasons to believe that the trading conducted through Lightspeed was manipulative short selling.

One reason to believe this is that FINRA ultimately fined Lightspeed after finding that at the height of the financial collapse in September 2008, Lightspeed had transacted massive volumes of &ldquoshort sales of financial institution securities on behalf of customers in contravention of the Commission&rsquos [the SEC&rsquos] emergency order of September 18, 2008 that provided that &lsquoall persons are prohibited from short selling any publicly traded securities of any included financial firm.&rsquo&rdquo

Under normal circumstances, FINRA refers such cases to the DOJ and the SEC, which investigate further and decide whether to press civil or criminal charges. But before the SEC or the DOJ could investigate this case, Schonfeld sold Lightspeed to Penson Financial.

Meanwhile, as we know, the guy who used to help run Datek (Omar Amanat&rsquos Mafia outfit, purchased by Schonfeld when it came under investigation) bought Madoff&rsquos operation, ensuring that nobody would investigate how all of these brokerages were tied together and processed massive volumes of trades at the height of the financial crisis in 2008.

In the Fall of 2010, I was beginning to understand how this network was tied together, so I called the jihadi and Tuco trader Zuhair Karam again. This time Zuhair was little bit more forthcoming. He confirmed that he knew Omar Amanat and many of those Hamas leaders who attended the secret meeting in 1993. He suggested that my tip about an Iranian being behind those 2 billion shares might be right, but he still would not elaborate.

Only later would I learn the identity of that Iranian. But after talking to Zuhair, I recalled some information that a former spy had given me when I first began investigating the Milken network in 2006. The former spy had spent a number of years tracking the Milken network, but when I met him, I did not realize the importance of what he was telling me.

In fact, I pretty much ignored that former spy, and did not return to his information until the Fall of 2010, when it was too late. This is one of my life&rsquos great regrets because this former spy was telling me, in a nutshell, that the Milken network was going to wreck the economy.

What, precisely, did that former Israeli spy tell me? How did I come to meet him in the first place? Well, this requires some explanation.

To be continued&hellip

This story was first published on Deep Capture. Deep Capture features original investigative reporting on the all-too-cozy relationship Wall Street has with regulators, media, government and the intellectual establishment.


Isi

Zuhair Karam is an alias. I have chosen not to use his real name for now because he has begun to cooperate with our investigation. However, I intend to publish the names of all the other people affiliated with his brokerage, along with details about their backgrounds and activities. In addition, I will, in upcoming chapters, provide complete data and information to support the allegation that Tuco contributed to the financial crisis. That data and information can only be understood, however, in light of other information that I must present first.

I did not know if Zuhair Karam was violent, but I telephoned him because I thought his biography was interesting. For example, it was interesting that soon after making a home in Illinois, Zuhair Karam obtained finance to publish a semi-famous work of jihadi propaganda, and soon thereafter, became (without any relevant experience) a proprietary day trader of equities and derivatives at a small, unregistered brokerage in Chicago called Tuco Trading.

Most of the other people who operated through Tuco Trading also had interesting biographies. Among them (just to name a few) were a Russian Mafia figure who is knowledgeable about a brutal gangland-style murder in New Jersey the top lieutenants of a Russian Mafia kingpin and oligarch who have been accused by U.S. officials of having ties to the Russian government’s intelligence apparatus and an Iranian fellow whose family has high-level ties to Palestinian Islamic Jihad, and the terrorist-sponsoring Revolutionary Guard in Tehran.

Meanwhile, Zuhair’s little brokerage, Tuco Trading, maintained partnerships with several other brokerages, all of which had close business relationships with people of similarly colorful backgrounds. Among them were multiple associates of La Cosa Nostra numerous traders with ties to the Russian Mafia and a jihadi who not only was Al Qaeda’s most important financier, but also operated a secret bomb factory in a Chicago warehouse district before the U.S. government named him a “Specially Designated Global Terrorist”.

Many top employees of these partner brokerages were similarly colorful. They included a fellow who once worked for a man who commands a private army in Lebanon another guy who had participated in an ill-fated scheme to topple the government of Afghanistan in league with heroin-smuggling warlord who worked closely with Iran and an Iranian trader whose family was, for much of the 1990s, flying cargo planes filled with gem stones from a remote Illinois runway, in partnership with a money launderer tied to Hezbollah, the jihadi outfit that receives support and direction from the regime in Tehran.

Aside from the amazing backgrounds of this cast of characters, it was also interesting that Tuco Trading was closed by an “Emergency Order” of the SEC on March 9, 2008 — just a few days before the March 13 collapse of Bear Stearns. Not that the SEC had any idea what was happening at Tuco the Commission seemed primarily concerned that the brokerage was massively exceeding margin limits. What the SEC seems to have missed (though a report by Tuco’s bankruptcy receiver made it clear) was that in the month before it was shut down, this tiny, unregistered brokerage transacted trading equal to more than 20 percent of the volume of the largest brokerage on the planet. Moreover, data and other evidence obtained by Deep Capture suggests that most of this massive deluge was aimed at manipulating the stock prices of America’s largest financial institutions, including Bear Stearns.

In other words, there is good reason to believe that Zuhair’s strange, little brokerage with all of its odd connections, contributed to the 2008 financial cataclysm that nearly brought the United States to its knees.

As for Zuhair Karam – well, I didn’t know enough about him, but I knew a little. For example, I knew that he was born in Lebanon, and had recently spent some time in South Africa, where he had told people that he was a recovering drug addict. There is some doubt as to the accuracy of that claim. Some say Zuhair never touched drugs. But there is no doubt that he was doing something in South Africa when he came to be attached to an Islamic cleric named Sadathullah Khan, who tells the media that he is “moderate” – a term that, of course, has different connotations depending on your perspective.

From the perspective of Osama bin Laden, Sadathullah Khan might be moderate. Some people, though, say that Sadathullah Khan is an extremist. Certainly, he has close ties to an outfit called the Supreme Council of Global Jihad, which espouses violence. And one of Sadathullah Khan’s closest associates is a cleric named Zakir Naik, who has preached that “Every Muslim should be a terrorist.”

When he talks to the Western press, Zakir Naik, says he is not fond of Al Qaeda, but in a video made for his followers, he said, “If Osama bin Laden is fighting the enemies of Islam, I am for him…If he is terrorizing America the terrorist, the biggest terrorist, I am with him.” Backing his words with actions, Imam Naik served as the mentor to Najibullah Zazi, an Al Qaeda operative who was arrested in 2009 shortly before carrying out a plan to plant explosives in the New York City subway system.

Imam Naik was banned from entering the United Kingdom after he was deemed to be immoderate, but the United States still grants him visas (he hasn’t blown up anything yet) and it is just a matter of time before he will return to Chicago, where he once gave what he calls “my most famous speech” at a gathering organized by an outfit linked to the Bridgeview Mosque, a house of worship in Bridgeview, a middle-class neighborhood on Chicago’s south side.

When he returns to Chicago, Imam Naik will likely meet Zuhair Karam, who, in addition to his work as a financial operator, has been fairly prominent among the small band of jihadis who congregate at the Bridgeview Mosque, where Zuhair’s relative helps run day-to-day operations. The Bridgeview Mosque, it should be said, serves thousands of ordinary people, most of whom probably harbor no politics other than a desire for peace. But there was a time not long ago when the mosque’s imam regularly gave fiery sermons urging jihadi freedom fighters to take up arms.

The sermons were toned down after the FBI began investigating, but it is still widely assumed by terrorism experts that the Bridgeview Mosque’s top officials (including Zuhair’s relative) are members of the Muslim Brotherhood, an outfit whose leaders in the West have provided material support (including money, personnel, and sometimes weapons) to Al Qaeda. Since the Muslim Brotherhood is a secretive organization, there is no way to confirm with absolute certainty that the Bridgeview Mosque’s directors are, indeed, members, but there are plenty of reasons to suspect that they are.

One reason is that the Bridgeview Mosque has been among the chief benefactors of jihadi groups closely tied to the Muslim Brotherhood. For example, according to the Chicago Tribune and others, the mosque was one of the most important funders of Palestinian Islamic Jihad, an outfit that was spawned by the Muslim Brotherhood and also takes directions from the regime in Iran. Zuhair Karam and his relatives are close family friends of Sami al-Arian, who was the U.S. leader of Palestinian Islamic Jihad until his 2003 indictment on terrorism charges. As Rachel Ehrenfeld, the director of the American Center for Democracy first reported, FBI investigators suspect that Sami al-Arian provided support to the Al Qaeda hijackers who carried out the 9-11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.

The Bridgeview Mosque was also one of the principal supporters of the Holy Land Foundation, which was indicted on terrorism charges in 2007 after prosecutors demonstrated that it was the principal U.S. front for Hamas, another Muslim Brotherhood creation that receives support from Iran. The mosque’s directors, meanwhile, help administer investment funds worth billions of dollars controlled by the North American Islamic Trust, an investment bank that has been tied to the Muslim Brotherhood and was named as an unindicted co-conspirator in the government’s case against the Holy Land Foundation.

The Bridgeview Mosque and the Muslim Brotherhood were also involved with a “charity” called The Benevolence International Foundation, which was actually an Al Qaeda front, founded by Osama bin Laden’s brother-in-law. According to federal prosecutors, Benevolence was “involved in terrorist activities” and had contacts with “persons trying to obtain chemical and nuclear weapons on behalf of Al Qaeda.”

More to the point of this story, Mark Flessner, a former U.S. prosecutor who was at the front lines of the government’s “war on terrorism”, says that the Bridgeview Mosque is a “gold mine of information about terrorist finance.” So, obviously, I wanted to know more about Zuhair Karam’s little brokerage, Tuco Trading. Not only because of its ties to jihadis, but also because of its ties to La Cosa Nostra and, more importantly, to Russian Mafia figures who have become quite politicized and are eminently hostile to the United States.

Unfortunately, when I called Zuhair for the first time in September of 2010, our conversation did not go well. Zuhair began by demanding to know how I had come to possess his telephone number. I told him, quite honestly, that I had found his phone number in the White Pages, but he refused to believe me. When I explained that I had some questions about the little brokerage where he had worked, he insisted that he didn’t know anything about the brokerage, and he said that he did not know anyone else who worked there.

After some additional prodding, Zuhair began to plead. He said, “Look, man, I’m just one of the little guys.” I said, “Yes, I know, but let’s meet anyway, I can tell you more about this investigation.” Zuhair seemed already to know about some investigation. He said, “Shit, man, I thought this was over.” Which seemed strange to me because the only investigation I knew about was the investigation that I was conducting. But I wanted to be helpful, so I said, “Let’s meet, I can tell you more about it.”

Zuhair paused. He seemed to be figuring it all out. Finally, he said, “You’re not a journalist, that’s for sure, man, tell me who you are…Are you an Arabian?” No, I am not an “Arabian” – that’s what I told Zuhair Karam. I said there’s this investigation, I have information. I told Zuhair I could come down to the mosque to meet him. And I said I’d also like to meet Zuhair’s father, Haaz Karam, who helped run the mosque.

Zuhair said, “He’s not my father.” So I said, “Sorry, your relative.” And Zuhair said, “Yeah, so…what is this? Man, the FBI — you say you’re a journalist, why do you know about the investigation? That just isn’t right…the FBI…man, I’m telling you, I’m just one of the little guys…the FBI…the FBI can come, let them come, they know where I live, let them come, let them try – see if I care.”

In his 2010 report to Congress, Admiral Dennis Blair, who was then the U.S. director of national intelligence, outlined one of the biggest threats to America’s economic well-being and national security. He began by noting that a number of organized crime outfits are closely intertwined with the intelligence services and government leaders of some countries (such as Russia) that are considered to be adversaries of the United States. He then stated that “the nexus between international criminal organizations [the Mafia] and terrorist groups [including Al Qaeda]…presents continuing dangers.”

In the same breath, the national intelligence director warned that organized criminal outfits [the Mafia] are “undermining free markets,” and “almost certainly will increase [their] penetration of legitimate financial and commercial markets, threatening U.S. economic interests and raising the risk of significant damage to the global financial system.”

Let me stress the implications of what the national intelligence director was saying. He was saying that the Mafia (and, by inference, the jihadi groups and rogue states that maintain ties to the Mafia) have the capability to disrupt the financial markets and harm the American economy. The only question is: have they already done so?

While America’s media and financial regulators seem largely uninterested in that question, some in the national security community are devoting a lot of attention to it. A 110 page report commissioned by the Department of Defense Irregular Warfare Support Program even goes so far as to state that there is a reasonably high likelihood that the economic cataclysm of 2008 was worsened by politically motivated “financial terrorists intent on wiping out the American financial system.”

The report (a copy of which can be found at DeepCapture.com) states with good reason that the weapons most likely to be used by prospective financial terrorists are so-called “naked” short selling and other forms of short-side market manipulation.

Short selling is a perfectly legitimate practice. It involves traders borrowing shares and then selling them, hoping the price will drop so that they can repurchase the shares at a discount, return them to the lender, and pocket the difference.

In “naked” short sales, traders do not borrow or purchase stock before they sell it. They simply sell what they do not have – phantom stock. You probably can imagine how easy it is for someone to suppress the price of a security if they are able to swamp a market with artificial supply.

Of course, by definition, if people are selling a phony supply of a security, then they cannot be delivering what they are selling. Regulators and Wall Street folks call this “failure to deliver.”

There are, in fact, a variety of methods that can be deployed to create “failures to deliver.” There are technical differences among the methods, but all share this one basic idea: generate “failures to deliver” that act as phony supply to drive down a security’s price. Because “naked short selling” is the most famous of these methods, and because the differences among it and the other methods are generally so technical as to interest only experts, I intend to refer to this whole class of methods as “naked short selling”, or even more generally, “market manipulation.”

As the report commissioned by the Defense Department correctly points out, foreign governments or terrorist groups wishing to manipulate the markets would not have to do the dirty work themselves. They would need only to invest in one among the multitude of American hedge funds that have ties to organized crime and that have demonstrated that they are willing to deploy financial weapons of mass destruction for fun and profit.

Under one scenario described in the Defense Department report, “a terror group could direct investments to a feeder hedge fund. The feeder fund would locate a Cayman Islands based hedge fund on their behalf that was predisposed to sell short financial shares. With sufficient new money, the hedge fund would expand its short selling activity (naked and traditional) and trade through dark pools or with sponsored access. At the same time, the same terror group might invest heavily in [credit default swaps] of the targeted short sales…”

Experts painted similar scenarios in testimony before a September 2010 informal meeting of the House Committee on Homeland Security. These experts were unanimous in their opinion that a hostile foreign entity could crash the U.S. financial markets. And to do so, it would most likely engage in manipulative trading through one of several shady brokerages that offer platforms – such as dark pools or so-called “sponsored access” – that enable miscreant financial operators to trade in anonymity.

Partly because such trading platforms exist, and for several other reasons (see Patrick Byrne’s Deep Capture story, “A Peace Sign to Wall Street”), SEC data reflects only a fraction of the naked short selling that occurs in the markets. But even the SEC’s partial data show that an average of 2 billion shares “failed to deliver” nearly every day in the months and weeks leading up to the 2008 market meltdown. Those shares, as I have explained, “failed to deliver” because they were phantom shares – artificial volume that drove down stock prices.

The SEC’s incomplete data also shows that more than 13 million shares of Bear Stearns sold short during the week before that bank’s demise in March 2008 failed to deliver. Soon after Bear Stearns collapsed, the CEOs of Morgan Stanley, Merrill Lynch, Lehman Brothers, and other major financial institutions began complaining to the SEC that naked short sellers had caused the demise of Bear Stearns and were now targeting their own banks.

We need to take seriously the complaints of the Wall Street CEOs because they were intimately familiar with the crime of naked short selling. Many of their own brokerages had engaged in it. When people are raising hell about a crime that has previously lined their pockets, it is reasonable to assume that they have some idea what they are talking about.

Moreover, the Wall Street CEOs continued to demand that the SEC take action against the market manipulators even after their high-paying hedge fund clients (some of whom might themselves have been naked short sellers, others of whom were merely inclined to object to stronger regulation of any sort) asked the CEOs to stop their campaign. When the CEOs continued to complain about the naked short selling, many of their big hedge fund clients began to pull their business in protest. It goes without saying that Wall Street CEOs do not sacrifice large chunks of their profits to speak out against crimes that do not exist.

On July 15, 2008, the SEC responded to the Wall Street CEOs by issuing an “Emergency Order” that temporarily protected 19 of the nation’s largest financial institutions from naked short selling. The banks’ stock prices immediately soared in value, and it looked like a major crisis had perhaps been averted.

Amazingly, though, the SEC lifted its “Emergency Order” just weeks later, on August 12. The next day, the naked short sellers resumed their attacks. The SEC’s own data (which, again, incompletely reflects the full magnitude of the problem) shows failures to deliver rising steadily from August 12 onwards, and these failures to deliver correspond directly to the downward spiral of stock prices. According to the SEC’s partial data, Lehman Brothers saw an astounding 30 million of its shares fail to deliver during the week before the bank collapsed on September 15, 2008.

And make no mistake: Lehman may well have survived if it were not for the naked short selling and other attacks (such as the seemingly deliberate insertion of damaging false rumors into the marketplace) that hammered its stock price. In the weeks before its collapse, the bank had plenty of liquidity to remain a going concern, and it had deals in the pipeline that would have enabled it to raise capital. But the freefall of Lehman’s stock price and other maneuverings by short sellers derailed those deals, and panicked clients pulled their cash. Only then was Lehman forced to declare bankruptcy.

Lehman was not a healthy bank, to be sure, but it had survived plenty of bouts of ill health. It had also survived worse economic downturns, though it had never faced a stock market crash of such magnitude.

And nearly every other major bank, regardless of its health, faced precisely similar fates during the gory month of September, 2008. All seemed doomed to collapse until the SEC issued another “Emergency Order” on September 18, this time banning all forms of short selling, legal or otherwise.

There was no reason to ban legal short selling (a crackdown on illegal naked shorts would have been enough), but the Emergency Order gave the markets some breathing room while the Treasury Department prepared the massive bailouts that signified that the government would not allow any more banks to collapse, no matter what sort of attacks might be directed at them.

As the authors of the report for the Defense Department’s irregular warfare unit conclude, there is no question that short-side market manipulators contributed to the collapse or near-collapse of many of America’s largest financial institutions in 2008. The report states further that “the [short selling] attacks on [America’s biggest banks] were so brazen that it is difficult to imagine that they were uncoordinated.”

And it wasn’t just the banks that were attacked. The SEC’s partial data shows that there was also massive naked short selling of exchange traded funds, or ETFs. These are publicly listed funds that are often highly leveraged and typically trade a basket of multiple stocks across a given industry. When market manipulators attack an ETF, they inflict damage on the entire industry that the fund indexes – and the high leverage magnifies the impact.

Meanwhile, there is strong evidence that the markets for U.S. government debt have also come under attack. The first naked short selling assault on U.S. Treasuries was launched in September 2001, at the time of Al Qaeda’s attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. In the months and weeks before the 9-11 tragedy, a daily average of $1.5 billion worth of U.S. government bonds failed to deliver. On the days immediately before 9-11, the daily failures to deliver soared to an astounding average of $1.5 trillion and continued to rise in the days after the attacks.

This was new and unusual market manipulation on a Herculean scale, but it was even worse during the months leading up to and following the 2008 crisis, when an average of $2.5 trillion worth of U.S. Treasuries failed to deliver every day. The authors of the report for the Defense Department speculate that financial terrorists, having precipitated the financial crisis, might have intended to attack the government bond markets in an attempt to bankrupt the national treasury.

The media fails to give sufficient attention to these problems, insisting instead on reinforcing the narrative that the financial crisis was in essence caused by “reckless” lending to home buyers who could not pay back their mortgages. It is correct that the financial crisis of 2008 had its proximate cause in the collapse of the mortgage and property markets a year earlier, but that is only the surface of the story.

The Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission (FCIC) made clear in its January 2011 report to Congress that the principal cause of the mortgage and property disaster was the freakish collapse in 2007 of the market for collateralized debt obligations (CDOs), which are packages of mortgages that trade like securities. And as the FCIC also made clear, the collapse of the CDO market was by no means inevitable. Nor did it have much to do with “predatory” lending or the quality of most subprime mortgages. Rather, the problem was that more than half of the CDOs issued in 2006 and 2007 were so-called “synthetic” CDOs, every single one of which was deliberately designed to self-destruct.

That is, just a few firms that specialized in marketing “synthetic” CDOs worked with a select number of bankers and short sellers to hand-pick a relatively small number of mortgages that were certain to default. The miscreants then packaged bets against those relatively few toxic mortgages into so many self-destruct CDOs that they came to account (I must repeat) for more than half of the overall market. It is not quite correct to say this was phantom supply similar to what is generated by naked short selling. But there is no question that the “synthetic” CDOs created a market that was, alas, “synthetic.” It was a market overwhelmed by a supply of instruments that purported to contain representative samplings of an underlying asset (subprime mortgages) that a reasonable person might expect to have some value, but which actually contained (as only the short sellers knew) assets that were worth zero. That is, a small number of miscreants effectively flooded the market with massive volumes of synthetic toxicity.

As these miscreants surely knew, the self-destruct CDOs would, indeed, self-destruct, and thereby wipe out the overall market for CDOs, causing property values to crash. And when that happened, the banks that owned a lot of CDOs or property would be weakened. They would not be so weak that they had to die. But their weakness would create negative sentiment that could be turned into a panic if miscreants were to circulate exaggerated rumors about the banks’ problems and unleash waves of naked short selling that would send stock prices into death spirals.

In short, the report commissioned by the Department of Defense Irregular Warfare unit was correct to note that the financial crisis that nearly destroyed the nation went “far beyond normal expectations…” The authors of this report were also right to note that all of the events that precipitated the financial cataclysm raise “serious questions about whether this was a purposeful attack and if so, by whom, and why?”

By whom? Dan mengapa? Over the next several weeks, Deep Capture will be publishing the remaining chapters of this book-length story, which is the product of a year-long investigation into the underworld of financial crime and the vulnerability of the U.S. economy to malicious attacks. To that first question – by whom? – we do not have all the answers, but we have quite a few. That is, our investigation has led us down many paths, but they all seem to circle back to a distinct network of miscreant financial operators. Some of these miscreants work for obscure, unregistered outfits like Zuhair Karam’s brokerage, Tuco Trading. Others are powerful American hedge fund managers.

In coming installments of this story, I will name all of the colorful characters affiliated with Tuco Trading, and tell you who was responsible for its massive short selling deluge in 2008. (I am not trying to create suspense it is simply that there is other ground that we have to cover for you to understand the significance of who these Tuco characters were).

And Tuco is not the only strange financial firm in America. A surprising number of people in the broader network that I will describe have ties to jihadi groups, including, in some cases, Al Qaeda. In addition, a number of financial operators in this network have disturbing ties to the governments of rogue states, such as Russia and Iran. And nearly all the people in this network have ties to the Mafia.

In other words, this is a colorful network. And though it would be a stretch to say these people were the cause of the financial crisis, there is no doubt that many of them contributed to that cataclysm. The rest, meanwhile, have both the capability and the inclination to do considerable more damage.

As to the Defense Department report’s second question – why? – I have no good answers. And ultimately, the question might be irrelevant. The damage to the economy is the same whether it has been done in the name of profit or jihad in the name of terror, geopolitics, another billion bucks, or nothing more than the fun of the game The miscreants who will be described in this story come in many stripes, but they are all, every one of them, a threat to American prosperity and our national security.

In our next installment, we learn a bit more about Zuhair Karam* and his friends, including a jihadi who inserted Al Qaeda spies into the U.S. military and then set up a financial weapon of mass destruction for use against the markets.


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